MongoDB Component

Since Camel 2.19

Both producer and consumer is supported

Note: MongoDB Camel component Use the Mongo Driver for Java 3.x.

According to Wikipedia: "NoSQL is a movement promoting a loosely defined class of non-relational data stores that break with a long history of relational databases and ACID guarantees." NoSQL solutions have grown in popularity in the last few years, and major extremely-used sites and services such as Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, etc. are known to use them extensively to achieve scalability and agility.

Basically, NoSQL solutions differ from traditional RDBMS (Relational Database Management Systems) in that they don’t use SQL as their query language and generally don’t offer ACID-like transactional behaviour nor relational data. Instead, they are designed around the concept of flexible data structures and schemas (meaning that the traditional concept of a database table with a fixed schema is dropped), extreme scalability on commodity hardware and blazing-fast processing.

MongoDB is a very popular NoSQL solution and the camel-mongodb component integrates Camel with MongoDB allowing you to interact with MongoDB collections both as a producer (performing operations on the collection) and as a consumer (consuming documents from a MongoDB collection).

MongoDB revolves around the concepts of documents (not as is office documents, but rather hierarchical data defined in JSON/BSON) and collections. This component page will assume you are familiar with them. Otherwise, visit http://www.mongodb.org/.

Maven users will need to add the following dependency to their pom.xml for this component:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
    <artifactId>camel-mongodb</artifactId>
    <version>x.y.z</version>
    <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

URI format

mongodb:connectionBean?database=databaseName&collection=collectionName&operation=operationName[&moreOptions...]

MongoDB options

The MongoDB component supports 4 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

mongoConnection (common)

Set a client used for connection: all endpoints generated from the component will share this connection bean.

MongoClient

basicPropertyBinding (advanced)

Whether the component should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

boolean

lazyStartProducer (producer)

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

boolean

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

boolean

The MongoDB endpoint is configured using URI syntax:

mongodb:connectionBean

with the following path and query parameters:

Path Parameters (1 parameters):

Name Description Default Type

connectionBean

Required Name of com.mongodb.Mongo to use.

String

Query Parameters (24 parameters):

Name Description Default Type

collection (common)

Sets the name of the MongoDB collection to bind to this endpoint

String

collectionIndex (common)

Sets the collection index (JSON FORMAT : { field1 : order1, field2 : order2})

String

createCollection (common)

Create collection during initialisation if it doesn’t exist. Default is true.

true

boolean

database (common)

Sets the name of the MongoDB database to target

String

mongoConnection (common)

Sets the Mongo instance that represents the backing connection

MongoClient

operation (common)

Sets the operation this endpoint will execute against MongoDB.

MongoDbOperation

outputType (common)

Convert the output of the producer to the selected type : DocumentList Document or MongoIterable. DocumentList or MongoIterable applies to findAll and aggregate. Document applies to all other operations.

MongoDbOutputType

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

boolean

consumerType (consumer)

Consumer type.

String

exceptionHandler (consumer)

To let the consumer use a custom ExceptionHandler. Notice if the option bridgeErrorHandler is enabled then this option is not in use. By default the consumer will deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

ExceptionHandler

exchangePattern (consumer)

Sets the exchange pattern when the consumer creates an exchange.

ExchangePattern

lazyStartProducer (producer)

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

boolean

basicPropertyBinding (advanced)

Whether the endpoint should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

boolean

cursorRegenerationDelay (advanced)

MongoDB tailable cursors will block until new data arrives. If no new data is inserted, after some time the cursor will be automatically freed and closed by the MongoDB server. The client is expected to regenerate the cursor if needed. This value specifies the time to wait before attempting to fetch a new cursor, and if the attempt fails, how long before the next attempt is made. Default value is 1000ms.

1000

long

dynamicity (advanced)

Sets whether this endpoint will attempt to dynamically resolve the target database and collection from the incoming Exchange properties. Can be used to override at runtime the database and collection specified on the otherwise static endpoint URI. It is disabled by default to boost performance. Enabling it will take a minimal performance hit.

false

boolean

synchronous (advanced)

Sets whether synchronous processing should be strictly used, or Camel is allowed to use asynchronous processing (if supported).

false

boolean

writeResultAsHeader (advanced)

In write operations, it determines whether instead of returning WriteResult as the body of the OUT message, we transfer the IN message to the OUT and attach the WriteResult as a header.

false

boolean

streamFilter (changeStream)

Filter condition for change streams consumer.

String

persistentId (tail)

One tail tracking collection can host many trackers for several tailable consumers. To keep them separate, each tracker should have its own unique persistentId.

String

persistentTailTracking (tail)

Enable persistent tail tracking, which is a mechanism to keep track of the last consumed message across system restarts. The next time the system is up, the endpoint will recover the cursor from the point where it last stopped slurping records.

false

boolean

tailTrackCollection (tail)

Collection where tail tracking information will be persisted. If not specified, MongoDbTailTrackingConfig#DEFAULT_COLLECTION will be used by default.

String

tailTrackDb (tail)

Indicates what database the tail tracking mechanism will persist to. If not specified, the current database will be picked by default. Dynamicity will not be taken into account even if enabled, i.e. the tail tracking database will not vary past endpoint initialisation.

String

tailTrackField (tail)

Field where the last tracked value will be placed. If not specified, MongoDbTailTrackingConfig#DEFAULT_FIELD will be used by default.

String

tailTrackIncreasingField (tail)

Correlation field in the incoming record which is of increasing nature and will be used to position the tailing cursor every time it is generated. The cursor will be (re)created with a query of type: tailTrackIncreasingField greater than lastValue (possibly recovered from persistent tail tracking). Can be of type Integer, Date, String, etc. NOTE: No support for dot notation at the current time, so the field should be at the top level of the document.

String

Spring Boot Auto-Configuration

When using Spring Boot make sure to use the following Maven dependency to have support for auto configuration:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.camel.springboot</groupId>
  <artifactId>camel-mongodb-starter</artifactId>
  <version>x.x.x</version>
  <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

The component supports 5 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

camel.component.mongodb.basic-property-binding

Whether the component should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

Boolean

camel.component.mongodb.bridge-error-handler

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

Boolean

camel.component.mongodb.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the mongodb component. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.component.mongodb.lazy-start-producer

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

Boolean

camel.component.mongodb.mongo-connection

Set a client used for connection: all endpoints generated from the component will share this connection bean. The option is a com.mongodb.MongoClient type.

String

Configuration of database in Spring XML

The following Spring XML creates a bean defining the connection to a MongoDB instance.

Since mongo java driver 3, the WriteConcern and readPreference options are not dynamically modifiable. They are defined in the mongoClient object

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
xmlns:mongo="http://www.springframework.org/schema/data/mongo"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
      http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
      http://www.springframework.org/schema/data/mongo
      http://www.springframework.org/schema/data/mongo/spring-mongo.xsd
      http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
      http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">

  <mongo:mongo-client id="mongoBean" host="${mongo.url}" port="${mongo.port}" credentials="${mongo.user}:${mongo.pass}@${mongo.dbname}">
    <mongo:client-options write-concern="NORMAL" />
  </mongo:mongo-client>
</beans>

Sample route

The following route defined in Spring XML executes the operation getDbStats on a collection.

Get DB stats for specified collection

<route>
  <from uri="direct:start" />
  <!-- using bean 'mongoBean' defined above -->
  <to uri="mongodb:mongoBean?database=${mongodb.database}&amp;collection=${mongodb.collection}&amp;operation=getDbStats" />
  <to uri="direct:result" />
</route>

MongoDB operations - producer endpoints

Query operations

findById

This operation retrieves only one element from the collection whose _id field matches the content of the IN message body. The incoming object can be anything that has an equivalent to a Bson type. See http://bsonspec.org/spec.html and http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/Java+Types.

from("direct:findById")
    .to("mongodb:myDb?database=flights&collection=tickets&operation=findById")
    .to("mock:resultFindById");
Supports optional parameters. This operation supports specifying a fields filter. See Specifying a fields filter (projection).

findOneByQuery

Use this operation to retrieve just one element (the first) from the collection that matches a MongoDB query. The query object is extracted CamelMongoDbCriteria header. if the CamelMongoDbCriteria header is null the query object is extracted message body, i.e. it should be of type Bson or convertible to Bson. It can be a JSON String or a Hashmap. See Type conversions for more info. You can use the Filters class from MongoDB Driver.

Example with no query (returns any object of the collection):

from("direct:findOneByQuery")
    .to("mongodb:myDb?database=flights&collection=tickets&operation=findOneByQuery")
    .to("mock:resultFindOneByQuery");

Example with a query (returns one matching result):

from("direct:findOneByQuery")
    .setHeader(MongoDbConstants.CRITERIA, Filters.eq("name", "Raul Kripalani"))
    .to("mongodb:myDb?database=flights&collection=tickets&operation=findOneByQuery")
    .to("mock:resultFindOneByQuery");
Supports optional parameters. This operation supports specifying a fields projection and/or a sort clause. See Specifying a fields filter (projection), Specifying a sort clause.

findAll

The findAll operation returns all documents matching a query, or none at all, in which case all documents contained in the collection are returned. The query object is extracted CamelMongoDbCriteria header. if the CamelMongoDbCriteria header is null the query object is extracted message body, i.e. it should be of type Bson or convertible to Bson. It can be a JSON String or a Hashmap. See Type conversions for more info.

Example with no query (returns all object in the collection):

from("direct:findAll")
    .to("mongodb:myDb?database=flights&collection=tickets&operation=findAll")
    .to("mock:resultFindAll");

Example with a query (returns all matching results):

from("direct:findAll")
    .setHeader(MongoDbConstants.CRITERIA, Filters.eq("name", "Raul Kripalani"))
    .to("mongodb:myDb?database=flights&collection=tickets&operation=findAll")
    .to("mock:resultFindAll");

Paging and efficient retrieval is supported via the following headers:

Header key Quick constant Description (extracted from MongoDB API doc) Expected type

CamelMongoDbNumToSkip

MongoDbConstants.NUM_TO_SKIP

Discards a given number of elements at the beginning of the cursor.

int/Integer

CamelMongoDbLimit

MongoDbConstants.LIMIT

Limits the number of elements returned.

int/Integer

CamelMongoDbBatchSize

MongoDbConstants.BATCH_SIZE

Limits the number of elements returned in one batch. A cursor typically fetches a batch of result objects and store them locally. If batchSize is positive, it represents the size of each batch of objects retrieved. It can be adjusted to optimize performance and limit data transfer. If batchSize is negative, it will limit of number objects returned, that fit within the max batch size limit (usually 4MB), and cursor will be closed. For example if batchSize is -10, then the server will return a maximum of 10 documents and as many as can fit in 4MB, then close the cursor. Note that this feature is different from limit() in that documents must fit within a maximum size, and it removes the need to send a request to close the cursor server-side. The batch size can be changed even after a cursor is iterated, in which case the setting will apply on the next batch retrieval.

int/Integer

Example with option outputType=MongoIterable and batch size :

from("direct:findAll")
    .setHeader(MongoDbConstants.BATCH_SIZE).constant(10)
    .setHeader(MongoDbConstants.CRITERIA, Filters.eq("name", "Raul Kripalani"))
    .to("mongodb:myDb?database=flights&collection=tickets&operation=findAll&outputType=MongoIterable")
    .to("mock:resultFindAll");

The findAll operation will also return the following OUT headers to enable you to iterate through result pages if you are using paging:

Header key Quick constant Description (extracted from MongoDB API doc) Data type

CamelMongoDbResultTotalSize

MongoDbConstants.RESULT_TOTAL_SIZE

Number of objects matching the query. This does not take limit/skip into consideration.

int/Integer

CamelMongoDbResultPageSize

MongoDbConstants.RESULT_PAGE_SIZE

Number of objects matching the query. This does not take limit/skip into consideration.

int/Integer

Supports optional parameters. This operation supports specifying a fields projection and/or a sort clause. See Specifying a fields filter (projection), Specifying a sort clause.

count

Returns the total number of objects in a collection, returning a Long as the OUT message body.
The following example will count the number of records in the "dynamicCollectionName" collection. Notice how dynamicity is enabled, and as a result, the operation will not run against the "notableScientists" collection, but against the "dynamicCollectionName" collection.

// from("direct:count").to("mongodb:myDb?database=tickets&collection=flights&operation=count&dynamicity=true");
Long result = template.requestBodyAndHeader("direct:count", "irrelevantBody", MongoDbConstants.COLLECTION, "dynamicCollectionName");
assertTrue("Result is not of type Long", result instanceof Long);

You can provide a query The query object is extracted CamelMongoDbCriteria header. if the CamelMongoDbCriteria header is null the query object is extracted message body, i.e. it should be of type Bson or convertible to Bson., and operation will return the amount of documents matching this criteria.

Document query = ...
Long count = template.requestBodyAndHeader("direct:count", query, MongoDbConstants.COLLECTION, "dynamicCollectionName");

Specifying a fields filter (projection)

Query operations will, by default, return the matching objects in their entirety (with all their fields). If your documents are large and you only require retrieving a subset of their fields, you can specify a field filter in all query operations, simply by setting the relevant Bson (or type convertible to Bson, such as a JSON String, Map, etc.) on the CamelMongoDbFieldsProjection header, constant shortcut: MongoDbConstants.FIELDS_PROJECTION.

Here is an example that uses MongoDB’s Projections to simplify the creation of Bson. It retrieves all fields except _id and boringField:

// route: from("direct:findAll").to("mongodb:myDb?database=flights&collection=tickets&operation=findAll")
Bson fieldProjection = Projection.exclude("_id", "boringField");
Object result = template.requestBodyAndHeader("direct:findAll", ObjectUtils.NULL, MongoDbConstants.FIELDS_PROJECTION, fieldProjection);

Here is an example that uses MongoDB’s Projections to simplify the creation of Bson. It retrieves all fields except _id and boringField:

// route: from("direct:findAll").to("mongodb:myDb?database=flights&collection=tickets&operation=findAll")
Bson fieldProjection = Projection.exclude("_id", "boringField");
Object result = template.requestBodyAndHeader("direct:findAll", ObjectUtils.NULL, MongoDbConstants.FIELDS_PROJECTION, fieldProjection);

Specifying a sort clause

There is a often a requirement to fetch the min/max record from a collection based on sorting by a particular field that uses MongoDB’s Sorts to simplify the creation of Bson. It retrieves all fields except _id and boringField:

// route: from("direct:findAll").to("mongodb:myDb?database=flights&collection=tickets&operation=findAll")
Bson sorts = Sorts.descending("_id");
Object result = template.requestBodyAndHeader("direct:findAll", ObjectUtils.NULL, MongoDbConstants.SORT_BY, sorts);

In a Camel route the SORT_BY header can be used with the findOneByQuery operation to achieve the same result. If the FIELDS_PROJECTION header is also specified the operation will return a single field/value pair that can be passed directly to another component (for example, a parameterized MyBatis SELECT query). This example demonstrates fetching the temporally newest document from a collection and reducing the result to a single field, based on the documentTimestamp field:

.from("direct:someTriggeringEvent")
.setHeader(MongoDbConstants.SORT_BY).constant(Sorts.descending("documentTimestamp"))
.setHeader(MongoDbConstants.FIELDS_PROJECTION).constant(Projection.include("documentTimestamp"))
.setBody().constant("{}")
.to("mongodb:myDb?database=local&collection=myDemoCollection&operation=findOneByQuery")
.to("direct:aMyBatisParameterizedSelect");

Create/update operations

insert

Inserts an new object into the MongoDB collection, taken from the IN message body. Type conversion is attempted to turn it into Document or a List.
Two modes are supported: single insert and multiple insert. For multiple insert, the endpoint will expect a List, Array or Collections of objects of any type, as long as they are - or can be converted to - Document. Example:

from("direct:insert")
    .to("mongodb:myDb?database=flights&collection=tickets&operation=insert");

The operation will return a WriteResult, and depending on the WriteConcern or the value of the invokeGetLastError option, getLastError() would have been called already or not. If you want to access the ultimate result of the write operation, you need to retrieve the CommandResult by calling getLastError() or getCachedLastError() on the WriteResult. Then you can verify the result by calling CommandResult.ok(), CommandResult.getErrorMessage() and/or CommandResult.getException().

Note that the new object’s _id must be unique in the collection. If you don’t specify the value, MongoDB will automatically generate one for you. But if you do specify it and it is not unique, the insert operation will fail (and for Camel to notice, you will need to enable invokeGetLastError or set a WriteConcern that waits for the write result).

This is not a limitation of the component, but it is how things work in MongoDB for higher throughput. If you are using a custom _id, you are expected to ensure at the application level that is unique (and this is a good practice too).

OID(s) of the inserted record(s) is stored in the message header under CamelMongoOid key (MongoDbConstants.OID constant). The value stored is org.bson.types.ObjectId for single insert or java.util.List<org.bson.types.ObjectId> if multiple records have been inserted.

In MongoDB Java Driver 3.x the insertOne and insertMany operation return void. The Camel insert operation return the Document or List of Documents inserted. Note that each Documents are Updated by a new OID if need.

save

The save operation is equivalent to an upsert (UPdate, inSERT) operation, where the record will be updated, and if it doesn’t exist, it will be inserted, all in one atomic operation. MongoDB will perform the matching based on the _id field.

Beware that in case of an update, the object is replaced entirely and the usage of MongoDB’s $modifiers is not permitted. Therefore, if you want to manipulate the object if it already exists, you have two options:

  1. perform a query to retrieve the entire object first along with all its fields (may not be efficient), alter it inside Camel and then save it.

  2. use the update operation with $modifiers, which will execute the update at the server-side instead. You can enable the upsert flag, in which case if an insert is required, MongoDB will apply the $modifiers to the filter query object and insert the result.

If the document to be saved does not contain the _id attribute, the operation will be an insert, and the new _id created will be placed in the CamelMongoOid header.

For example:

from("direct:insert")
    .to("mongodb:myDb?database=flights&collection=tickets&operation=save");

update

Update one or multiple records on the collection. Requires a filter query and a update rules.

You can define the filter using MongoDBConstants.CRITERIA header as Bson and define the update rules as Bson in Body.

Update after enrich . While defining the filter by using MongoDBConstants.CRITERIA header as Bson to query mongodb before you do update, you should notice you need to remove it from the resulting camel exchange during aggregation if you use enrich pattern with a aggregation strategy and then apply mongodb update. If you don’t remove this header during aggregation and/or redefine MongoDBConstants.CRITERIA header before sending camel exchange to mongodb producer endpoint, you may end up with invalid camel exchange payload while updating mongodb.

The second way Require a List<Bson> as the IN message body containing exactly 2 elements:

  • Element 1 (index 0) ⇒ filter query ⇒ determines what objects will be affected, same as a typical query object

  • Element 2 (index 1) ⇒ update rules ⇒ how matched objects will be updated. All modifier operations from MongoDB are supported.

Multiupdates . By default, MongoDB will only update 1 object even if multiple objects match the filter query. To instruct MongoDB to update all matching records, set the CamelMongoDbMultiUpdate IN message header to true.

A header with key CamelMongoDbRecordsAffected will be returned (MongoDbConstants.RECORDS_AFFECTED constant) with the number of records updated (copied from WriteResult.getN()).

Supports the following IN message headers:

Header key Quick constant Description (extracted from MongoDB API doc) Expected type

CamelMongoDbMultiUpdate

MongoDbConstants.MULTIUPDATE

If the update should be applied to all objects matching. See http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/Atomic+Operations

boolean/Boolean

CamelMongoDbUpsert

MongoDbConstants.UPSERT

If the database should create the element if it does not exist

boolean/Boolean

For example, the following will update all records whose filterField field equals true by setting the value of the "scientist" field to "Darwin":

// route: from("direct:update").to("mongodb:myDb?database=science&collection=notableScientists&operation=update");
Bson filterField = Filters.eq("filterField", true);
String updateObj = Updates.set("scientist", "Darwin");
Object result = template.requestBodyAndHeader("direct:update", new Bson[] {filterField, Document.parse(updateObj)}, MongoDbConstants.MULTIUPDATE, true);
// route: from("direct:update").to("mongodb:myDb?database=science&collection=notableScientists&operation=update");
Maps<String, Object> headers = new HashMap<>(2);
headers.add(MongoDbConstants.MULTIUPDATE, true);
headers.add(MongoDbConstants.FIELDS_FILTER, Filters.eq("filterField", true));
String updateObj = Updates.set("scientist", "Darwin");;
Object result = template.requestBodyAndHeaders("direct:update", updateObj, headers);
// route: from("direct:update").to("mongodb:myDb?database=science&collection=notableScientists&operation=update");
String updateObj = "[{\"filterField\": true}, {\"$set\", {\"scientist\", \"Darwin\"}}]";
Object result = template.requestBodyAndHeader("direct:update", updateObj, MongoDbConstants.MULTIUPDATE, true);

Delete operations

remove

Remove matching records from the collection. The IN message body will act as the removal filter query, and is expected to be of type DBObject or a type convertible to it.
The following example will remove all objects whose field 'conditionField' equals true, in the science database, notableScientists collection:

// route: from("direct:remove").to("mongodb:myDb?database=science&collection=notableScientists&operation=remove");
Bson conditionField = Filters.eq("conditionField", true);
Object result = template.requestBody("direct:remove", conditionField);

A header with key CamelMongoDbRecordsAffected is returned (MongoDbConstants.RECORDS_AFFECTED constant) with type int, containing the number of records deleted (copied from WriteResult.getN()).

Bulk Write Operations

bulkWrite

Since Camel 2.21

Performs write operations in bulk with controls for order of execution. Requires a List<WriteModel<Document>> as the IN message body containing commands for insert, update, and delete operations.

The following example will insert a new scientist "Pierre Curie", update record with id "5" by setting the value of the "scientist" field to "Marie Curie" and delete record with id "3" :

// route: from("direct:bulkWrite").to("mongodb:myDb?database=science&collection=notableScientists&operation=bulkWrite");
List<WriteModel<Document>> bulkOperations = Arrays.asList(
            new InsertOneModel<>(new Document("scientist", "Pierre Curie")),
            new UpdateOneModel<>(new Document("_id", "5"),
                                 new Document("$set", new Document("scientist", "Marie Curie"))),
            new DeleteOneModel<>(new Document("_id", "3")));

BulkWriteResult result = template.requestBody("direct:bulkWrite", bulkOperations, BulkWriteResult.class);

By default, operations are executed in order and interrupted on the first write error without processing any remaining write operations in the list. To instruct MongoDB to continue to process remaining write operations in the list, set the CamelMongoDbBulkOrdered IN message header to false. Unordered operations are executed in parallel and this behavior is not guaranteed.

Header key Quick constant Description (extracted from MongoDB API doc) Expected type

CamelMongoDbBulkOrdered

MongoDbConstants.BULK_ORDERED

Perform an ordered or unordered operation execution. Defaults to true.

boolean/Boolean

Other operations

aggregate

Perform a aggregation with the given pipeline contained in the body. Aggregations could be long and heavy operations. Use with care.

// route: from("direct:aggregate").to("mongodb:myDb?database=science&collection=notableScientists&operation=aggregate");
List<Bson> aggregate = Arrays.asList(match(or(eq("scientist", "Darwin"), eq("scientist",
        group("$scientist", sum("count", 1)));
from("direct:aggregate")
    .setBody().constant(aggregate)
    .to("mongodb:myDb?database=science&collection=notableScientists&operation=aggregate")
    .to("mock:resultAggregate");

Supports the following IN message headers:

Header key Quick constant Description (extracted from MongoDB API doc) Expected type

CamelMongoDbBatchSize

MongoDbConstants.BATCH_SIZE

Sets the number of documents to return per batch.

int/Integer

CamelMongoDbAllowDiskUse

MongoDbConstants.ALLOW_DISK_USE

Enable aggregation pipeline stages to write data to temporary files.

boolean/Boolean

By default a List of all results is returned. This can be heavy on memory depending on the size of the results. A safer alternative is to set your outputType=MongoIterable. The next Processor will see an iterable in the message body allowing it to step through the results one by one. Thus setting a batch size and returning an iterable allows for efficient retrieval and processing of the result.

An example would look like:

List<Bson> aggregate = Arrays.asList(match(or(eq("scientist", "Darwin"), eq("scientist",
        group("$scientist", sum("count", 1)));
from("direct:aggregate")
    .setHeader(MongoDbConstants.BATCH_SIZE).constant(10)
    .setBody().constant(aggregate)
    .to("mongodb:myDb?database=science&collection=notableScientists&operation=aggregate&outputType=MongoIterable")
    .split(body())
    .streaming()
    .to("mock:resultAggregate");

Note that calling .split(body()) is enough to send the entries down the route one-by-one, however it would still load all the entries into memory first. Calling .streaming() is thus required to load data into memory by batches.

getDbStats

Equivalent of running the db.stats() command in the MongoDB shell, which displays useful statistic figures about the database.
For example:

> db.stats();
{
    "db" : "test",
    "collections" : 7,
    "objects" : 719,
    "avgObjSize" : 59.73296244784423,
    "dataSize" : 42948,
    "storageSize" : 1000058880,
    "numExtents" : 9,
    "indexes" : 4,
    "indexSize" : 32704,
    "fileSize" : 1275068416,
    "nsSizeMB" : 16,
    "ok" : 1
}

Usage example:

// from("direct:getDbStats").to("mongodb:myDb?database=flights&collection=tickets&operation=getDbStats");
Object result = template.requestBody("direct:getDbStats", "irrelevantBody");
assertTrue("Result is not of type Document", result instanceof Document);

The operation will return a data structure similar to the one displayed in the shell, in the form of a Document in the OUT message body.

getColStats

Equivalent of running the db.collection.stats() command in the MongoDB shell, which displays useful statistic figures about the collection.
For example:

> db.camelTest.stats();
{
    "ns" : "test.camelTest",
    "count" : 100,
    "size" : 5792,
    "avgObjSize" : 57.92,
    "storageSize" : 20480,
    "numExtents" : 2,
    "nindexes" : 1,
    "lastExtentSize" : 16384,
    "paddingFactor" : 1,
    "flags" : 1,
    "totalIndexSize" : 8176,
    "indexSizes" : {
        "_id_" : 8176
    },
    "ok" : 1
}

Usage example:

// from("direct:getColStats").to("mongodb:myDb?database=flights&collection=tickets&operation=getColStats");
Object result = template.requestBody("direct:getColStats", "irrelevantBody");
assertTrue("Result is not of type Document", result instanceof Document);

The operation will return a data structure similar to the one displayed in the shell, in the form of a Document in the OUT message body.

command

Run the body as a command on database. Useful for admin operation as getting host information, replication or sharding status.

Collection parameter is not use for this operation.

// route: from("command").to("mongodb:myDb?database=science&operation=command");
DBObject commandBody = new BasicDBObject("hostInfo", "1");
Object result = template.requestBody("direct:command", commandBody);

Dynamic operations

An Exchange can override the endpoint’s fixed operation by setting the CamelMongoDbOperation header, defined by the MongoDbConstants.OPERATION_HEADER constant.
The values supported are determined by the MongoDbOperation enumeration and match the accepted values for the operation parameter on the endpoint URI.

For example:

// from("direct:insert").to("mongodb:myDb?database=flights&collection=tickets&operation=insert");
Object result = template.requestBodyAndHeader("direct:insert", "irrelevantBody", MongoDbConstants.OPERATION_HEADER, "count");
assertTrue("Result is not of type Long", result instanceof Long);

Consumers

There are several types of consumers:

  1. Tailable Cursor Consumer

  2. Change Streams Consumer

Tailable Cursor Consumer

MongoDB offers a mechanism to instantaneously consume ongoing data from a collection, by keeping the cursor open just like the tail -f command of *nix systems. This mechanism is significantly more efficient than a scheduled poll, due to the fact that the server pushes new data to the client as it becomes available, rather than making the client ping back at scheduled intervals to fetch new data. It also reduces otherwise redundant network traffic.

There is only one requisite to use tailable cursors: the collection must be a "capped collection", meaning that it will only hold N objects, and when the limit is reached, MongoDB flushes old objects in the same order they were originally inserted. For more information, please refer to: http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/Tailable+Cursors.

The Camel MongoDB component implements a tailable cursor consumer, making this feature available for you to use in your Camel routes. As new objects are inserted, MongoDB will push them as Document in natural order to your tailable cursor consumer, who will transform them to an Exchange and will trigger your route logic.

How the tailable cursor consumer works

To turn a cursor into a tailable cursor, a few special flags are to be signalled to MongoDB when first generating the cursor. Once created, the cursor will then stay open and will block upon calling the MongoCursor.next() method until new data arrives. However, the MongoDB server reserves itself the right to kill your cursor if new data doesn’t appear after an indeterminate period. If you are interested to continue consuming new data, you have to regenerate the cursor. And to do so, you will have to remember the position where you left off or else you will start consuming from the top again.

The Camel MongoDB tailable cursor consumer takes care of all these tasks for you. You will just need to provide the key to some field in your data of increasing nature, which will act as a marker to position your cursor every time it is regenerated, e.g. a timestamp, a sequential ID, etc. It can be of any datatype supported by MongoDB. Date, Strings and Integers are found to work well. We call this mechanism "tail tracking" in the context of this component.

The consumer will remember the last value of this field and whenever the cursor is to be regenerated, it will run the query with a filter like: increasingField > lastValue, so that only unread data is consumed.

Setting the increasing field: Set the key of the increasing field on the endpoint URI tailTrackingIncreasingField option. In Camel 2.10, it must be a top-level field in your data, as nested navigation for this field is not yet supported. That is, the "timestamp" field is okay, but "nested.timestamp" will not work. Please open a ticket in the Camel JIRA if you do require support for nested increasing fields.

Cursor regeneration delay: One thing to note is that if new data is not already available upon initialisation, MongoDB will kill the cursor instantly. Since we don’t want to overwhelm the server in this case, a cursorRegenerationDelay option has been introduced (with a default value of 1000ms.), which you can modify to suit your needs.

An example:

from("mongodb:myDb?database=flights&collection=cancellations&tailTrackIncreasingField=departureTime")
    .id("tailableCursorConsumer1")
    .autoStartup(false)
    .to("mock:test");

The above route will consume from the "flights.cancellations" capped collection, using "departureTime" as the increasing field, with a default regeneration cursor delay of 1000ms.

Persistent tail tracking

Standard tail tracking is volatile and the last value is only kept in memory. However, in practice you will need to restart your Camel container every now and then, but your last value would then be lost and your tailable cursor consumer would start consuming from the top again, very likely sending duplicate records into your route.

To overcome this situation, you can enable the persistent tail tracking feature to keep track of the last consumed increasing value in a special collection inside your MongoDB database too. When the consumer initialises again, it will restore the last tracked value and continue as if nothing happened.

The last read value is persisted on two occasions: every time the cursor is regenerated and when the consumer shuts down. We may consider persisting at regular intervals too in the future (flush every 5 seconds) for added robustness if the demand is there. To request this feature, please open a ticket in the Camel JIRA.

Enabling persistent tail tracking

To enable this function, set at least the following options on the endpoint URI:

  • persistentTailTracking option to true

  • persistentId option to a unique identifier for this consumer, so that the same collection can be reused across many consumers

Additionally, you can set the tailTrackDb, tailTrackCollection and tailTrackField options to customise where the runtime information will be stored. Refer to the endpoint options table at the top of this page for descriptions of each option.

For example, the following route will consume from the "flights.cancellations" capped collection, using "departureTime" as the increasing field, with a default regeneration cursor delay of 1000ms, with persistent tail tracking turned on, and persisting under the "cancellationsTracker" id on the "flights.camelTailTracking", storing the last processed value under the "lastTrackingValue" field (camelTailTracking and lastTrackingValue are defaults).

from("mongodb:myDb?database=flights&collection=cancellations&tailTrackIncreasingField=departureTime&persistentTailTracking=true" +
     "&persistentId=cancellationsTracker")
    .id("tailableCursorConsumer2")
    .autoStartup(false)
    .to("mock:test");

Below is another example identical to the one above, but where the persistent tail tracking runtime information will be stored under the "trackers.camelTrackers" collection, in the "lastProcessedDepartureTime" field:

from("mongodb:myDb?database=flights&collection=cancellations&tailTrackIncreasingField=departureTime&persistentTailTracking=true" +
     "&persistentId=cancellationsTracker&tailTrackDb=trackers&tailTrackCollection=camelTrackers" +
     "&tailTrackField=lastProcessedDepartureTime")
    .id("tailableCursorConsumer3")
    .autoStartup(false)
    .to("mock:test");

Change Streams Consumer

Change Streams allow applications to access real-time data changes without the complexity and risk of tailing the MongoDB oplog. Applications can use change streams to subscribe to all data changes on a collection and immediately react to them. Because change streams use the aggregation framework, applications can also filter for specific changes or transform the notifications at will.

To configure Change Streams Consumer you need to specify consumerType, database, collection and optional JSON property streamFilter to filter events. That JSON property is standard MongoDB $match aggregation. It could be easily specified using XML DSL configuration:

<route id="filterConsumer">
    <from uri="mongodb:myDb?consumerType=changeStreams&amp;database=flights&amp;collection=tickets"/>
    <to uri="mock:test"/>

    <routeProperty key="streamFilter" value="{'$match':{'$or':[{'fullDocument.stringValue': 'specificValue'}]}}"/>
</route>

Java configuration:

from("mongodb:myDb?consumerType=changeStreams&database=flights&collection=tickets")
    .routeProperty("streamFilter", "{'$match':{'$or':[{'fullDocument.stringValue': 'specificValue'}]}}")
    .to("mock:test");

Type conversions

The MongoDbBasicConverters type converter included with the camel-mongodb component provides the following conversions:

Name From type To type How?

fromMapToDocument

Map

Document

constructs a new Document via the new Document(Map m) constructor.

fromDocumentToMap

Document

Map

Document already implements Map.

fromStringToDocument

String

Document

uses com.mongodb.Document.parse(String s).

fromAnyObjectToDocument

Object

Document

uses the Jackson library to convert the object to a Map, which is in turn used to initialise a new Document.

fromStringToList

String

List<Bson>

uses org.bson.codecs.configuration.CodecRegistries to convert to BsonArray then to List<Bson>.

This type converter is auto-discovered, so you don’t need to configure anything manually.