file-watch Component

Available as of Camel version 3.0

This component can be used to watch file modification events in folder. It is based on gmethvin/directory-watcher.

URI Options

The file-watch component supports 6 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

concurrentConsumers (consumer)

The number of concurrent consumers. Increase this value, if your route is slow to prevent buffering in queue.

1

int

queueSize (consumer)

Maximum size of queue between WatchService and consumer. Unbounded by default.

2147483647

int

pollThreads (consumer)

The number of threads polling WatchService. Increase this value, if you see OVERFLOW messages in log.

1

int

fileHasher (consumer)

Reference to io.methvin.watcher.hashing.FileHasher. This prevents emitting duplicate events on some platforms. For working with large files and if you dont need detect multiple modifications per second per file, use #lastModifiedTimeFileHasher. You can also provide custom implementation in registry.

#murmur3FFileHasher

FileHasher

useFileHashing (consumer)

Enables or disables file hashing to detect duplicate events. If you disable this, you can get some events multiple times on some platforms and JDKs. Check java.nio.file.WatchService limitations for your target platform.

true

boolean

basicPropertyBinding (advanced)

Whether the component should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

boolean

The file-watch endpoint is configured using URI syntax:

file-watch:path

with the following path and query parameters:

Path Parameters (1 parameters):

Name Description Default Type

path

Required Path of directory to consume events from.

String

Query Parameters (14 parameters):

Name Description Default Type

antInclude (consumer)

ANT style pattern to match files. The file is matched against path relative to endpoint path. Pattern must be also relative (not starting with slash)

**

String

autoCreate (consumer)

Auto create directory if does not exists.

true

boolean

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

boolean

concurrentConsumers (consumer)

The number of concurrent consumers. Increase this value, if your route is slow to prevent buffering in queue.

1

int

events (consumer)

Comma separated list of events to watch.

CREATE,MODIFY,DELETE

Set

fileHasher (consumer)

Reference to io.methvin.watcher.hashing.FileHasher. This prevents emitting duplicate events on some platforms. For working with large files and if you dont need detect multiple modifications per second per file, use #lastModifiedTimeFileHasher. You can also provide custom implementation in registry.

#murmur3FFileHasher

FileHasher

pollThreads (consumer)

The number of threads polling WatchService. Increase this value, if you see OVERFLOW messages in log.

1

int

queueSize (consumer)

Maximum size of queue between WatchService and consumer. Unbounded by default.

2147483647

int

recursive (consumer)

Watch recursive in current and child directories (including newly created directories).

true

boolean

useFileHashing (consumer)

Enables or disables file hashing to detect duplicate events. If you disable this, you can get some events multiple times on some platforms and JDKs. Check java.nio.file.WatchService limitations for your target platform.

true

boolean

exceptionHandler (consumer)

To let the consumer use a custom ExceptionHandler. Notice if the option bridgeErrorHandler is enabled then this option is not in use. By default the consumer will deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

ExceptionHandler

exchangePattern (consumer)

Sets the exchange pattern when the consumer creates an exchange.

ExchangePattern

basicPropertyBinding (advanced)

Whether the endpoint should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

boolean

synchronous (advanced)

Sets whether synchronous processing should be strictly used, or Camel is allowed to use asynchronous processing (if supported).

false

boolean

Spring Boot Auto-Configuration

When using Spring Boot make sure to use the following Maven dependency to have support for auto configuration:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
  <artifactId>camel-file-watch-starter</artifactId>
  <version>x.x.x</version>
  <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

The component supports 7 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

camel.component.file-watch.basic-property-binding

Whether the component should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

Boolean

camel.component.file-watch.concurrent-consumers

The number of concurrent consumers. Increase this value, if your route is slow to prevent buffering in queue.

1

Integer

camel.component.file-watch.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the file-watch component. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.component.file-watch.file-hasher

Reference to io.methvin.watcher.hashing.FileHasher. This prevents emitting duplicate events on some platforms. For working with large files and if you dont need detect multiple modifications per second per file, use #lastModifiedTimeFileHasher. You can also provide custom implementation in registry. The option is a io.methvin.watcher.hashing.FileHasher type.

String

camel.component.file-watch.poll-threads

The number of threads polling WatchService. Increase this value, if you see OVERFLOW messages in log.

1

Integer

camel.component.file-watch.queue-size

Maximum size of queue between WatchService and consumer. Unbounded by default.

2147483647

Integer

camel.component.file-watch.use-file-hashing

Enables or disables file hashing to detect duplicate events. If you disable this, you can get some events multiple times on some platforms and JDKs. Check java.nio.file.WatchService limitations for your target platform.

true

Boolean

Examples:

Recursive watch all events (file creation, file deletion, file modification):

from("file-watch://some-directory")
    .log("File event: ${header.CamelFileEventType} occurred on file ${header.CamelFileName} at ${header.CamelFileLastModified}");

Recursive watch for creation and deletion of txt files:

from("file-watch://some-directory?events=DELETE,CREATE&antInclude=**/*.txt")
    .log("File event: ${header.CamelFileEventType} occurred on file ${header.CamelFileName} at ${header.CamelFileLastModified}");

Create snapshot of file when modified:

from("file-watch://some-directory?events=MODIFY&recursive=false")
    .setHeader(Exchange.FILE_NAME, simple("${header.CamelFileName}.${header.CamelFileLastModified}"))
    .to("file:some-directory/snapshots");

Message Headers

The following headers are supported by this component:

File Watch consumer only

Header Description

CamelFileEventType

Type of event. Possible values: CREATE, DELETE, MODIFY. The java type of this header is org.apache.camel.component.file.watch.constants.FileEventEnum

CamelFileName

Name of the consumed file as a relative file path with offset from the starting directory configured on the endpoint.

CamelFileNameOnly

Only the file name (the name with no leading paths).

CamelFileAbsolute

A boolean option specifying whether the consumed file denotes an absolute path or not. Should normally be false for relative paths. Absolute paths should normally not be used but we added to the move option to allow moving files to absolute paths. But can be used elsewhere as well.

CamelFileAbsolutePath

The absolute path to the file. For relative files this path holds the relative path instead.

CamelFilePath

The file path. For relative files this is the starting directory + the relative filename. For absolute files this is the absolute path.

CamelFileRelativePath

The relative path.

CamelFileParent

The parent path.

CamelFileLastModified

A Long value containing the last modified timestamp of the file.