CXF Component

Available as of Camel version 1.0

When using CXF in streaming modes (see DataFormat option), then also read about Stream caching.

The CXF component provides integration with Apache CXF for connecting to JAX-WS services hosted in CXF.

Maven users must add the following dependency to their pom.xml for this component:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
    <artifactId>camel-cxf</artifactId>
    <version>x.x.x</version>
    <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

URI format

There are two URI formats for this endpoint: cxfEndpoint and someAddress.

cxf:bean:cxfEndpoint[?options]

Where cxfEndpoint represents a bean ID that references a bean in the Spring bean registry. With this URI format, most of the endpoint details are specified in the bean definition.

cxf://someAddress[?options]

Where someAddress specifies the CXF endpoint’s address. With this URI format, most of the endpoint details are specified using options.

For either style above, you can append options to the URI as follows:

cxf:bean:cxfEndpoint?wsdlURL=wsdl/hello_world.wsdl&dataFormat=PAYLOAD

Options

The CXF component supports 4 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

allowStreaming (advanced)

This option controls whether the CXF component, when running in PAYLOAD mode, will DOM parse the incoming messages into DOM Elements or keep the payload as a javax.xml.transform.Source object that would allow streaming in some cases.

Boolean

useGlobalSslContext Parameters (security)

Enable usage of global SSL context parameters.

false

boolean

headerFilterStrategy (filter)

To use a custom org.apache.camel.spi.HeaderFilterStrategy to filter header to and from Camel message.

HeaderFilterStrategy

basicPropertyBinding (advanced)

Whether the component should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

boolean

The CXF endpoint is configured using URI syntax:

cxf:beanId:address

with the following path and query parameters:

Path Parameters (2 parameters):

Name Description Default Type

beanId

To lookup an existing configured CxfEndpoint. Must used bean: as prefix.

String

address

The service publish address.

String

Query Parameters (36 parameters):

Name Description Default Type

dataFormat (common)

The data type messages supported by the CXF endpoint.

POJO

DataFormat

wrappedStyle (common)

The WSDL style that describes how parameters are represented in the SOAP body. If the value is false, CXF will chose the document-literal unwrapped style, If the value is true, CXF will chose the document-literal wrapped style

Boolean

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

boolean

exceptionHandler (consumer)

To let the consumer use a custom ExceptionHandler. Notice if the option bridgeErrorHandler is enabled then this option is not in use. By default the consumer will deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

ExceptionHandler

exchangePattern (consumer)

Sets the exchange pattern when the consumer creates an exchange.

ExchangePattern

cookieHandler (producer)

Configure a cookie handler to maintain a HTTP session

CookieHandler

defaultOperationName (producer)

This option will set the default operationName that will be used by the CxfProducer which invokes the remote service.

String

defaultOperationNamespace (producer)

This option will set the default operationNamespace that will be used by the CxfProducer which invokes the remote service.

String

hostnameVerifier (producer)

The hostname verifier to be used. Use the # notation to reference a HostnameVerifier from the registry.

HostnameVerifier

lazyStartProducer (producer)

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

boolean

sslContextParameters (producer)

The Camel SSL setting reference. Use the # notation to reference the SSL Context.

SSLContextParameters

wrapped (producer)

Which kind of operation that CXF endpoint producer will invoke

false

boolean

allowStreaming (advanced)

This option controls whether the CXF component, when running in PAYLOAD mode, will DOM parse the incoming messages into DOM Elements or keep the payload as a javax.xml.transform.Source object that would allow streaming in some cases.

Boolean

basicPropertyBinding (advanced)

Whether the endpoint should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

boolean

bus (advanced)

To use a custom configured CXF Bus.

Bus

continuationTimeout (advanced)

This option is used to set the CXF continuation timeout which could be used in CxfConsumer by default when the CXF server is using Jetty or Servlet transport.

30000

long

cxfBinding (advanced)

To use a custom CxfBinding to control the binding between Camel Message and CXF Message.

CxfBinding

cxfConfigurer (advanced)

This option could apply the implementation of org.apache.camel.component.cxf.CxfEndpointConfigurer which supports to configure the CXF endpoint in programmatic way. User can configure the CXF server and client by implementing configure{ServerClient} method of CxfEndpointConfigurer.

CxfConfigurer

defaultBus (advanced)

Will set the default bus when CXF endpoint create a bus by itself

false

boolean

headerFilterStrategy (advanced)

To use a custom HeaderFilterStrategy to filter header to and from Camel message.

HeaderFilterStrategy

mergeProtocolHeaders (advanced)

Whether to merge protocol headers. If enabled then propagating headers between Camel and CXF becomes more consistent and similar. For more details see CAMEL-6393.

false

boolean

mtomEnabled (advanced)

To enable MTOM (attachments). This requires to use POJO or PAYLOAD data format mode.

false

boolean

properties (advanced)

To set additional CXF options using the key/value pairs from the Map. For example to turn on stacktraces in SOAP faults, properties.faultStackTraceEnabled=true

Map

skipPayloadMessagePart Check (advanced)

Sets whether SOAP message validation should be disabled.

false

boolean

synchronous (advanced)

Sets whether synchronous processing should be strictly used, or Camel is allowed to use asynchronous processing (if supported).

false

boolean

loggingFeatureEnabled (logging)

This option enables CXF Logging Feature which writes inbound and outbound SOAP messages to log.

false

boolean

loggingSizeLimit (logging)

To limit the total size of number of bytes the logger will output when logging feature has been enabled and -1 for no limit.

49152

int

skipFaultLogging (logging)

This option controls whether the PhaseInterceptorChain skips logging the Fault that it catches.

false

boolean

password (security)

This option is used to set the basic authentication information of password for the CXF client.

String

username (security)

This option is used to set the basic authentication information of username for the CXF client.

String

bindingId (service)

The bindingId for the service model to use.

String

portName (service)

The endpoint name this service is implementing, it maps to the wsdl:portname. In the format of ns:PORT_NAME where ns is a namespace prefix valid at this scope.

String

publishedEndpointUrl (service)

This option can override the endpointUrl that published from the WSDL which can be accessed with service address url plus wsd

String

serviceClass (service)

The class name of the SEI (Service Endpoint Interface) class which could have JSR181 annotation or not.

Class

serviceName (service)

The service name this service is implementing, it maps to the wsdl:servicename.

String

wsdlURL (service)

The location of the WSDL. Can be on the classpath, file system, or be hosted remotely.

String

Spring Boot Auto-Configuration

When using Spring Boot make sure to use the following Maven dependency to have support for auto configuration:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
  <artifactId>camel-cxf-starter</artifactId>
  <version>x.x.x</version>
  <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

The component supports 5 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

camel.component.cxf.allow-streaming

This option controls whether the CXF component, when running in PAYLOAD mode, will DOM parse the incoming messages into DOM Elements or keep the payload as a javax.xml.transform.Source object that would allow streaming in some cases.

Boolean

camel.component.cxf.basic-property-binding

Whether the component should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

Boolean

camel.component.cxf.enabled

Enable cxf component

true

Boolean

camel.component.cxf.header-filter-strategy

To use a custom org.apache.camel.spi.HeaderFilterStrategy to filter header to and from Camel message. The option is a org.apache.camel.spi.HeaderFilterStrategy type.

String

camel.component.cxf.use-global-ssl-context-parameters

Enable usage of global SSL context parameters.

false

Boolean

The serviceName and portName are QNames, so if you provide them be sure to prefix them with their {namespace} as shown in the examples above.

Descriptions of the dataformats

In Apache Camel, the Camel CXF component is the key to integrating routes with Web services. You can use the Camel CXF component to create a CXF endpoint, which can be used in either of the following ways:

  • Consumer — (at the start of a route) represents a Web service instance, which integrates with the route. The type of payload injected into the route depends on the value of the endpoint’s dataFormat option.

  • Producer — (at other points in the route) represents a WS client proxy, which converts the current exchange object into an operation invocation on a remote Web service. The format of the current exchange must match the endpoint’s dataFormat setting.

DataFormat Description

POJO

POJOs (Plain old Java objects) are the Java parameters to the method being invoked on the target server. Both Protocol and Logical JAX-WS handlers are supported.

PAYLOAD

PAYLOAD is the message payload (the contents of the soap:body) after message configuration in the CXF endpoint is applied. Only Protocol JAX-WS handler is supported. Logical JAX-WS handler is not supported.

MESSAGE

MESSAGE is the raw message that is received from the transport layer. It is not suppose to touch or change Stream, some of the CXF interceptors will be removed if you are using this kind of DataFormat so you can’t see any soap headers after the camel-cxf consumer and JAX-WS handler is not supported.

CXF_MESSAGE

CXF_MESSAGE allows for invoking the full capabilities of CXF interceptors by converting the message from the transport layer into a raw SOAP message

You can determine the data format mode of an exchange by retrieving the exchange property, CamelCXFDataFormat. The exchange key constant is defined in org.apache.camel.component.cxf.common.message.CxfConstants.DATA_FORMAT_PROPERTY.

How to enable CXF’s LoggingOutInterceptor in MESSAGE mode

CXF’s LoggingOutInterceptor outputs outbound message that goes on the wire to logging system (Java Util Logging). Since the LoggingOutInterceptor is in PRE_STREAM phase (but PRE_STREAM phase is removed in MESSAGE mode), you have to configure LoggingOutInterceptor to be run during the WRITE phase. The following is an example.

<bean id="loggingOutInterceptor" class="org.apache.cxf.interceptor.LoggingOutInterceptor">
    <!--  it really should have been user-prestream but CXF does have such phase! -->
    <constructor-arg value="target/write"/>
</bean>

<cxf:cxfEndpoint id="serviceEndpoint" address="http://localhost:${CXFTestSupport.port2}/LoggingInterceptorInMessageModeTest/helloworld"
    serviceClass="org.apache.camel.component.cxf.HelloService">
    <cxf:outInterceptors>
        <ref bean="loggingOutInterceptor"/>
    </cxf:outInterceptors>
    <cxf:properties>
        <entry key="dataFormat" value="RAW"/>
    </cxf:properties>
</cxf:cxfEndpoint>

Description of relayHeaders option

There are in-band and out-of-band on-the-wire headers from the perspective of a JAXWS WSDL-first developer.

The in-band headers are headers that are explicitly defined as part of the WSDL binding contract for an endpoint such as SOAP headers.

The out-of-band headers are headers that are serialized over the wire, but are not explicitly part of the WSDL binding contract.

Headers relaying/filtering is bi-directional.

When a route has a CXF endpoint and the developer needs to have on-the-wire headers, such as SOAP headers, be relayed along the route to be consumed say by another JAXWS endpoint, then relayHeaders should be set to true, which is the default value.

Available only in POJO mode

The relayHeaders=true express an intent to relay the headers. The actual decision on whether a given header is relayed is delegated to a pluggable instance that implements the MessageHeadersRelay interface. A concrete implementation of MessageHeadersRelay will be consulted to decide if a header needs to be relayed or not. There is already an implementation of SoapMessageHeadersRelay which binds itself to well-known SOAP name spaces. Currently only out-of-band headers are filtered, and in-band headers will always be relayed when relayHeaders=true. If there is a header on the wire, whose name space is unknown to the runtime, then a fall back DefaultMessageHeadersRelay will be used, which simply allows all headers to be relayed.

The relayHeaders=false setting asserts that all headers in-band and out-of-band will be dropped.

You can plugin your own MessageHeadersRelay implementations overriding or adding additional ones to the list of relays. In order to override a preloaded relay instance just make sure that your MessageHeadersRelay implementation services the same name spaces as the one you looking to override. Also note, that the overriding relay has to service all of the name spaces as the one you looking to override, or else a runtime exception on route start up will be thrown as this would introduce an ambiguity in name spaces to relay instance mappings.

<cxf:cxfEndpoint ...>
   <cxf:properties>
     <entry key="org.apache.camel.cxf.message.headers.relays">
       <list>
         <ref bean="customHeadersRelay"/>
       </list>
     </entry>
   </cxf:properties>
 </cxf:cxfEndpoint>
 <bean id="customHeadersRelay" class="org.apache.camel.component.cxf.soap.headers.CustomHeadersRelay"/>

Take a look at the tests that show how you’d be able to relay/drop headers here:

  • POJO and PAYLOAD modes are supported. In POJO mode, only out-of-band message headers are available for filtering as the in-band headers have been processed and removed from header list by CXF. The in-band headers are incorporated into the MessageContentList in POJO mode. The camel-cxf component does make any attempt to remove the in-band headers from the MessageContentList. If filtering of in-band headers is required, please use PAYLOAD mode or plug in a (pretty straightforward) CXF interceptor/JAXWS Handler to the CXF endpoint.

  • The Message Header Relay mechanism has been merged into CxfHeaderFilterStrategy. The relayHeaders option, its semantics, and default value remain the same, but it is a property of CxfHeaderFilterStrategy. Here is an example of configuring it.

<bean id="dropAllMessageHeadersStrategy" class="org.apache.camel.component.cxf.common.header.CxfHeaderFilterStrategy">

    <!--  Set relayHeaders to false to drop all SOAP headers -->
    <property name="relayHeaders" value="false"/>

</bean>

Then, your endpoint can reference the CxfHeaderFilterStrategy.

<route>
    <from uri="cxf:bean:routerNoRelayEndpoint?headerFilterStrategy=#dropAllMessageHeadersStrategy"/>
    <to uri="cxf:bean:serviceNoRelayEndpoint?headerFilterStrategy=#dropAllMessageHeadersStrategy"/>
</route>
  • The MessageHeadersRelay interface has changed slightly and has been renamed to MessageHeaderFilter. It is a property of CxfHeaderFilterStrategy. Here is an example of configuring user defined Message Header Filters:

<bean id="customMessageFilterStrategy" class="org.apache.camel.component.cxf.common.header.CxfHeaderFilterStrategy">
    <property name="messageHeaderFilters">
        <list>
            <!--  SoapMessageHeaderFilter is the built in filter.  It can be removed by omitting it. -->
            <bean class="org.apache.camel.component.cxf.common.header.SoapMessageHeaderFilter"/>

            <!--  Add custom filter here -->
            <bean class="org.apache.camel.component.cxf.soap.headers.CustomHeaderFilter"/>
        </list>
    </property>
</bean>
  • Other than relayHeaders, there are new properties that can be configured in CxfHeaderFilterStrategy.

Name Required Description

relayHeaders

No

All message headers will be processed by Message Header Filters Type: boolean Default: true

relayAllMessageHeaders

No

All message headers will be propagated (without processing by Message Header Filters) Type: boolean Default: false

allowFilterNamespaceClash

No

If two filters overlap in activation namespace, the property control how it should be handled. If the value is true, last one wins. If the value is false, it will throw an exception Type: boolean Default: false

Configure the CXF endpoints with Spring

You can configure the CXF endpoint with the Spring configuration file shown below, and you can also embed the endpoint into the camelContext tags. When you are invoking the service endpoint, you can set the operationName and operationNamespace headers to explicitly state which operation you are calling.

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xmlns:cxf="http://camel.apache.org/schema/cxf"
        xsi:schemaLocation="
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://camel.apache.org/schema/cxf http://camel.apache.org/schema/cxf/camel-cxf.xsd
        http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring/camel-spring.xsd">
     <cxf:cxfEndpoint id="routerEndpoint" address="http://localhost:9003/CamelContext/RouterPort"
            serviceClass="org.apache.hello_world_soap_http.GreeterImpl"/>
     <cxf:cxfEndpoint id="serviceEndpoint" address="http://localhost:9000/SoapContext/SoapPort"
            wsdlURL="testutils/hello_world.wsdl"
            serviceClass="org.apache.hello_world_soap_http.Greeter"
            endpointName="s:SoapPort"
            serviceName="s:SOAPService"
        xmlns:s="http://apache.org/hello_world_soap_http" />
     <camelContext id="camel" xmlns="http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring">
       <route>
         <from uri="cxf:bean:routerEndpoint" />
         <to uri="cxf:bean:serviceEndpoint" />
       </route>
    </camelContext>
  </beans>

Be sure to include the JAX-WS schemaLocation attribute specified on the root beans element. This allows CXF to validate the file and is required. Also note the namespace declarations at the end of the <cxf:cxfEndpoint/> tag. These declarations are required because the combined {namespace}localName syntax is presently not supported for this tag’s attribute values.

The cxf:cxfEndpoint element supports many additional attributes:

Name Value

PortName

The endpoint name this service is implementing, it maps to the wsdl:port@name. In the format of ns:PORT_NAME where ns is a namespace prefix valid at this scope.

serviceName

The service name this service is implementing, it maps to the wsdl:service@name. In the format of ns:SERVICE_NAME where ns is a namespace prefix valid at this scope.

wsdlURL

The location of the WSDL. Can be on the classpath, file system, or be hosted remotely.

bindingId

The bindingId for the service model to use.

address

The service publish address.

bus

The bus name that will be used in the JAX-WS endpoint.

serviceClass

The class name of the SEI (Service Endpoint Interface) class which could have JSR181 annotation or not.

It also supports many child elements:

Name Value

cxf:inInterceptors

The incoming interceptors for this endpoint. A list of <bean> or <ref>.

cxf:inFaultInterceptors

The incoming fault interceptors for this endpoint. A list of <bean> or <ref>.

cxf:outInterceptors

The outgoing interceptors for this endpoint. A list of <bean> or <ref>.

cxf:outFaultInterceptors

The outgoing fault interceptors for this endpoint. A list of <bean> or <ref>.

cxf:properties

A properties map which should be supplied to the JAX-WS endpoint. See below.

cxf:handlers

A JAX-WS handler list which should be supplied to the JAX-WS endpoint. See below.

cxf:dataBinding

You can specify the which DataBinding will be use in the endpoint. This can be supplied using the Spring <bean class="MyDataBinding"/> syntax.

cxf:binding

You can specify the BindingFactory for this endpoint to use. This can be supplied using the Spring <bean class="MyBindingFactory"/> syntax.

cxf:features

The features that hold the interceptors for this endpoint. A list of beans or refs

cxf:schemaLocations

The schema locations for endpoint to use. A list of schemaLocations

cxf:serviceFactory

The service factory for this endpoint to use. This can be supplied using the Spring <bean class="MyServiceFactory"/> syntax

You can find more advanced examples that show how to provide interceptors, properties and handlers on the CXF JAX-WS Configuration page.

NOTE You can use cxf:properties to set the camel-cxf endpoint’s dataFormat and setDefaultBus properties from spring configuration file.

<cxf:cxfEndpoint id="testEndpoint" address="http://localhost:9000/router"
     serviceClass="org.apache.camel.component.cxf.HelloService"
     endpointName="s:PortName"
     serviceName="s:ServiceName"
     xmlns:s="http://www.example.com/test">
     <cxf:properties>
       <entry key="dataFormat" value="RAW"/>
       <entry key="setDefaultBus" value="true"/>
     </cxf:properties>
   </cxf:cxfEndpoint>

Configuring the CXF Endpoints with Apache Aries Blueprint

The component is capable of utilizing aries blueprint dependency injection for your CXF endpoints. The schema utilized is very similar to the spring schema so the transition is fairly transparent.

Example

<blueprint xmlns="http://www.osgi.org/xmlns/blueprint/v1.0.0"
           xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
           xmlns:cm="http://aries.apache.org/blueprint/xmlns/blueprint-cm/v1.0.0"
           xmlns:camel-cxf="http://camel.apache.org/schema/blueprint/cxf"
       xmlns:cxfcore="http://cxf.apache.org/blueprint/core"
           xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.osgi.org/xmlns/blueprint/v1.0.0 http://www.osgi.org/xmlns/blueprint/v1.0.0/blueprint.xsd">

      <camel-cxf:cxfEndpoint id="routerEndpoint"
                     address="http://localhost:9001/router"
                     serviceClass="org.apache.servicemix.examples.cxf.HelloWorld">
        <camel-cxf:properties>
            <entry key="dataFormat" value="RAW"/>
        </camel-cxf:properties>
     </camel-cxf:cxfEndpoint>

     <camel-cxf:cxfEndpoint id="serviceEndpoint"
            address="http://localhost:9000/SoapContext/SoapPort"
                     serviceClass="org.apache.servicemix.examples.cxf.HelloWorld">
    </camel-cxf:cxfEndpoint>

    <camelContext xmlns="http://camel.apache.org/schema/blueprint">
        <route>
            <from uri="routerEndpoint"/>
            <to uri="log:request"/>
        </route>
    </camelContext>

</blueprint>

Currently the endpoint element is the first supported CXF namespacehandler.

You can also use the bean references just as in spring

<blueprint xmlns="http://www.osgi.org/xmlns/blueprint/v1.0.0"
           xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
           xmlns:cm="http://aries.apache.org/blueprint/xmlns/blueprint-cm/v1.0.0"
           xmlns:jaxws="http://cxf.apache.org/blueprint/jaxws"
           xmlns:cxf="http://cxf.apache.org/blueprint/core"
           xmlns:camel="http://camel.apache.org/schema/blueprint"
           xmlns:camelcxf="http://camel.apache.org/schema/blueprint/cxf"
           xsi:schemaLocation="
             http://www.osgi.org/xmlns/blueprint/v1.0.0 http://www.osgi.org/xmlns/blueprint/v1.0.0/blueprint.xsd
             http://cxf.apache.org/blueprint/jaxws http://cxf.apache.org/schemas/blueprint/jaxws.xsd
             http://cxf.apache.org/blueprint/core http://cxf.apache.org/schemas/blueprint/core.xsd
             ">

    <camelcxf:cxfEndpoint id="reportIncident"
                     address="/camel-example-cxf-blueprint/webservices/incident"
                     wsdlURL="META-INF/wsdl/report_incident.wsdl"
                     serviceClass="org.apache.camel.example.reportincident.ReportIncidentEndpoint">
    </camelcxf:cxfEndpoint>

    <bean id="reportIncidentRoutes" class="org.apache.camel.example.reportincident.ReportIncidentRoutes" />

    <camelContext xmlns="http://camel.apache.org/schema/blueprint">
        <routeBuilder ref="reportIncidentRoutes"/>
    </camelContext>

</blueprint>

How to make the camel-cxf component use log4j instead of java.util.logging

CXF’s default logger is java.util.logging. If you want to change it to log4j, proceed as follows. Create a file, in the classpath, named META-INF/cxf/org.apache.cxf.logger. This file should contain the fully-qualified name of the class, org.apache.cxf.common.logging.Log4jLogger, with no comments, on a single line.

How to let camel-cxf response message with xml start document

If you are using some SOAP client such as PHP, you will get this kind of error, because CXF doesn’t add the XML start document "<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>"

Error:sendSms: SoapFault exception: [Client] looks like we got no XML document in [...]

To resolved this issue, you just need to tell StaxOutInterceptor to write the XML start document for you.

You can add a customer interceptor like this and configure it into you camel-cxf endpont or add a message header for it like

 // set up the response context which force start document
 Map<String, Object> map = new HashMap<String, Object>();
 map.put("org.apache.cxf.stax.force-start-document", Boolean.TRUE);
 exchange.getOut().setHeader(Client.RESPONSE_CONTEXT, map);

How to override the CXF producer address from message header

The camel-cxf producer supports to override the services address by setting the message with the key of "CamelDestinationOverrideUrl".

 // set up the service address from the message header to override the setting of CXF endpoint
 exchange.getIn().setHeader(Exchange.DESTINATION_OVERRIDE_URL, constant(getServiceAddress()));

How to consume a message from a camel-cxf endpoint in POJO data format

The camel-cxf endpoint consumer POJO data format is based on the CXF invoker, so the message header has a property with the name of CxfConstants.OPERATION_NAME and the message body is a list of the SEI method parameters.

How to prepare the message for the camel-cxf endpoint in POJO data format

The camel-cxf endpoint producer is based on the CXF client API. First you need to specify the operation name in the message header, then add the method parameters to a list, and initialize the message with this parameter list. The response message’s body is a messageContentsList, you can get the result from that list.

If you don’t specify the operation name in the message header, CxfProducer will try to use the defaultOperationName `from `CxfEndpoint, if there is no defaultOperationName set on CxfEndpoint, it will pickup the first operationName from the Operation list.

If you want to get the object array from the message body, you can get the body using message.getbody(Object[].class), as follows:

How to deal with the message for a camel-cxf endpoint in PAYLOAD data format

PAYLOAD means that you process the payload message from the SOAP envelope. You can use the Header.HEADER_LIST as the key to set or get the SOAP headers and use the List<Element> to set or get SOAP body elements. Message.getBody() will return an org.apache.camel.component.cxf.CxfPayload object, which has getters for SOAP message headers and Body elements. This change enables decoupling the native CXF message from the Camel message.

How to get and set SOAP headers in POJO mode

POJO means that the data format is a "list of Java objects" when the Camel-cxf endpoint produces or consumes Camel exchanges. Even though Camel expose message body as POJOs in this mode, Camel-cxf still provides access to read and write SOAP headers. However, since CXF interceptors remove in-band SOAP headers from Header list after they have been processed, only out-of-band SOAP headers are available to Camel-cxf in POJO mode.

The following example illustrate how to get/set SOAP headers. Suppose we have a route that forwards from one Camel-cxf endpoint to another. That is, SOAP Client → Camel → CXF service. We can attach two processors to obtain/insert SOAP headers at (1) before request goes out to the CXF service and (2) before response comes back to the SOAP Client. Processor (1) and (2) in this example are InsertRequestOutHeaderProcessor and InsertResponseOutHeaderProcessor. Our route looks like this:

SOAP headers are propagated to and from Camel Message headers. The Camel message header name is "org.apache.cxf.headers.Header.list" which is a constant defined in CXF (org.apache.cxf.headers.Header.HEADER_LIST). The header value is a List of CXF SoapHeader objects (org.apache.cxf.binding.soap.SoapHeader). The following snippet is the InsertResponseOutHeaderProcessor (that insert a new SOAP header in the response message). The way to access SOAP headers in both InsertResponseOutHeaderProcessor and InsertRequestOutHeaderProcessor are actually the same. The only difference between the two processors is setting the direction of the inserted SOAP header.

How to get and set SOAP headers in PAYLOAD mode

We’ve already shown how to access SOAP message (CxfPayload object) in PAYLOAD mode (See "How to deal with the message for a camel-cxf endpoint in PAYLOAD data format").

Once you obtain a CxfPayload object, you can invoke the CxfPayload.getHeaders() method that returns a List of DOM Elements (SOAP headers).

You can also use the same way as described in sub-chapter "How to get and set SOAP headers in POJO mode" to set or get the SOAP headers. So, you can use now the header "org.apache.cxf.headers.Header.list" to get and set a list of SOAP headers.This does also mean that if you have a route that forwards from one Camel-cxf endpoint to another (SOAP Client → Camel → CXF service), now also the SOAP headers sent by the SOAP client are forwarded to the CXF service. If you do not want that these headers are forwarded you have to remove them in the Camel header "org.apache.cxf.headers.Header.list".

SOAP headers are not available in MESSAGE mode

SOAP headers are not available in MESSAGE mode as SOAP processing is skipped.

How to throw a SOAP Fault from Camel

If you are using a camel-cxf endpoint to consume the SOAP request, you may need to throw the SOAP Fault from the camel context.
Basically, you can use the throwFault DSL to do that; it works for POJO, PAYLOAD and MESSAGE data format.
You can define the soap fault like this

Then throw it as you like

If your CXF endpoint is working in the MESSAGE data format, you could set the SOAP Fault message in the message body and set the response code in the message header.

Same for using POJO data format. You can set the SOAPFault on the out body.

How to propagate a camel-cxf endpoint’s request and response context

CXF client API provides a way to invoke the operation with request and response context. If you are using a camel-cxf endpoint producer to invoke the outside web service, you can set the request context and get response context with the following code:

        CxfExchange exchange = (CxfExchange)template.send(getJaxwsEndpointUri(), new Processor() {
             public void process(final Exchange exchange) {
                 final List<String> params = new ArrayList<String>();
                 params.add(TEST_MESSAGE);
                 // Set the request context to the inMessage
                 Map<String, Object> requestContext = new HashMap<String, Object>();
                 requestContext.put(BindingProvider.ENDPOINT_ADDRESS_PROPERTY, JAXWS_SERVER_ADDRESS);
                 exchange.getIn().setBody(params);
                 exchange.getIn().setHeader(Client.REQUEST_CONTEXT , requestContext);
                 exchange.getIn().setHeader(CxfConstants.OPERATION_NAME, GREET_ME_OPERATION);
             }
         });
         org.apache.camel.Message out = exchange.getOut();
         // The output is an object array, the first element of the array is the return value
         Object\[\] output = out.getBody(Object\[\].class);
         LOG.info("Received output text: " + output\[0\]);
         // Get the response context form outMessage
         Map<String, Object> responseContext = CastUtils.cast((Map)out.getHeader(Client.RESPONSE_CONTEXT));
         assertNotNull(responseContext);
         assertEquals("Get the wrong wsdl operation name", "{http://apache.org/hello_world_soap_http}greetMe",
                      responseContext.get("javax.xml.ws.wsdl.operation").toString());

Attachment Support

POJO Mode: Both SOAP with Attachment and MTOM are supported (see example in Payload Mode for enabling MTOM). However, SOAP with Attachment is not tested. Since attachments are marshalled and unmarshalled into POJOs, users typically do not need to deal with the attachment themself. Attachments are propagated to Camel message’s attachments if the MTOM is not enabled. So, it is possible to retrieve attachments by Camel Message API

DataHandler Message.getAttachment(String id)

Payload Mode: MTOM is supported by the component. Attachments can be retrieved by Camel Message APIs mentioned above. SOAP with Attachment (SwA) is supported and attachments can be retrieved. SwA is the default (same as setting the CXF endpoint property "mtom-enabled" to false).

To enable MTOM, set the CXF endpoint property "mtom-enabled" to true. (I believe you can only do it with Spring.)

You can produce a Camel message with attachment to send to a CXF endpoint in Payload mode.

You can also consume a Camel message received from a CXF endpoint in Payload mode.

Message Mode: Attachments are not supported as it does not process the message at all.

CXF_MESSAGE Mode: MTOM is supported, and Attachments can be retrieved by Camel Message APIs mentioned above. Note that when receiving a multipart (i.e. MTOM) message the default SOAPMessage to String converter will provide the complete multipart payload on the body. If you require just the SOAP XML as a String, you can set the message body with message.getSOAPPart(), and Camel convert can do the rest of work for you.

Streaming Support in PAYLOAD mode

The camel-cxf component now supports streaming of incoming messages when using PAYLOAD mode. Previously, the incoming messages would have been completely DOM parsed. For large messages, this is time consuming and uses a significant amount of memory. The incoming messages can remain as a javax.xml.transform.Source while being routed and, if nothing modifies the payload, can then be directly streamed out to the target destination. For common "simple proxy" use cases (example: from("cxf:…​").to("cxf:…​")), this can provide very significant performance increases as well as significantly lowered memory requirements.

However, there are cases where streaming may not be appropriate or desired. Due to the streaming nature, invalid incoming XML may not be caught until later in the processing chain. Also, certain actions may require the message to be DOM parsed anyway (like WS-Security or message tracing and such) in which case the advantages of the streaming is limited. At this point, there are two ways to control the streaming:

  • Endpoint property: you can add "allowStreaming=false" as an endpoint property to turn the streaming on/off.

  • Component property: the CxfComponent object also has an allowStreaming property that can set the default for endpoints created from that component.

Global system property: you can add a system property of "org.apache.camel.component.cxf.streaming" to "false" to turn if off. That sets the global default, but setting the endpoint property above will override this value for that endpoint.

Using the generic CXF Dispatch mode

The camel-cxf component supports the generic CXF dispatch mode that can transport messages of arbitrary structures (i.e., not bound to a specific XML schema). To use this mode, you simply omit specifying the wsdlURL and serviceClass attributes of the CXF endpoint.

<cxf:cxfEndpoint id="testEndpoint" address="http://localhost:9000/SoapContext/SoapAnyPort">
     <cxf:properties>
       <entry key="dataFormat" value="PAYLOAD"/>
     </cxf:properties>
   </cxf:cxfEndpoint>

It is noted that the default CXF dispatch client does not send a specific SOAPAction header. Therefore, when the target service requires a specific SOAPAction value, it is supplied in the Camel header using the key SOAPAction (case-insensitive).