Apache Camel 3.x Upgrade Guide

This document is for helping you upgrade your Apache Camel application from Camel 3.x to 3.y. For example if you are upgrading Camel 3.0 to 3.2, then you should follow the guides from both 3.0 to 3.1 and 3.1 to 3.2.

Upgrading Camel 3.0 to 3.1

camel-ahc, camel-netty-http, camel-undertow

These Camel components now no longer have dependency on Javax Servlet.


The exception class HttpOperationFailedException is now from package org.apache.camel.http.base instead of org.apache.camel.http.common. The Camel undertow producer throws this exception.


The bean component has been changed to behave as singleton scoped by default. This means that the bean is created or looked up once and reused.

The option cache has been deprecated in favour of the new scope option that by default is Singleton. You can set this to Prototype to use the old behaviour.

Setting this to Prototype will let Camel create/lookup a new bean instance, per use; which acts as prototype scoped. However beware that if you lookup the bean, then the registry that holds the bean, would return a bean accordingly to its configuration, which can be singleton or prototype scoped. For example if you use Spring, or CDI, which has their own settings for setting bean scopes.


The camel-etcd component has changed its endpoint syntax from etcd:action/path to etcd-keys:path, etcd-stats:path, or etcd-watch:path.

For example before


Should be changed to


This change was needed as the 3 actions could not share the same component/endpoint and had to be separated.


The stepwise functionality (stepwise=true) is not supported for stream download (treamDownload=true).


The camel-irc component has changed its endpoint syntax and removed option #room as a part of the url path. Allowed syntax is:



The camel-milo client component has changed its endpoint syntax from milo-client:tcp to milo-client:opc.tcp. For example before


Should be changed to


The camel-milo server component requires Java 9 at runtime. Property strictEndpointUrlsEnabled is no longer supported. Properties`hostName` and serverName are replaced by path. To successfully use certificates for secured communication, JCE Jurisdiction Policy File Default has to be Unlimited (which is by default since Java 9+).


The camel-nats component has changed its endpoint syntax from nats:servers to nats:topic. For example before


Should be changed to


This change is motivated by allowing to configure servers on component level, and also for Spring Boot auto-configuration etc.


The camel-nsq component has changed its endpoint syntax from nsq:servers to nsq:topic. For example before


Should be changed to


This change is motivated by allowing to configure servers on component level, and also for Spring Boot auto-configuration etc.


The camel-ipfs component has changed its endpoint syntax from nsq:host:port/command to ipfs:command. The host and port is now configured on the component level instead.

For example before


Should be changed to



The camel-xmlsecurity component has changed its endpoint syntax from xmlsecurity:command/name to xmlsecurity-sign:name, xmlsecurity-verify:name.

For example before


Should be changed to


This change was needed as the 2 commands could not share the same component/endpoint and had to be separated.


The spi-annotations JAR is mandatory but was mistakenly defined as optional scope. The content of this JAR is now embedded directly into camel-api JAR so end users does not have to include or depend on spi-annotations JAR anymore.

camel-core-engine and camel-jaxp

XML and JAXB has been moved out of camel-base and camel-core-engine.

The module camel-jaxp has been renamed to camel-xml-jaxp.

The camel-xml-jaxp JAR has XML parsers and type converters. The camel-xml-jaxb has support for loading XML DSL routes using JAXB. An alternative is to use the new camel-xml-io for loading XML routes which is more light-weight and faster than JAXB.

JAXB is now optional

JAXB is now optional in Camel and only needed when using XML routes with the camel-xml-jaxb JAR for loading and parsing the routes with JAXB. There is an alternative implementation with camel-xml-io (see above).

This means that jaxb-core and jaxb-impl JARs no longer are needed on the classpath and as such has been removed as dependency in the various Camel pom.xml files.

There are a number of components that uses JAXB such as camel-spring, camel-blueprint, camel-cdi for their support of using XML for beans and Camel XML routes. And a few components such as camel-soap etc.

But at general then Camel is now lighter in classpath dependency by not requiring to have JAXB present.

Package scanning @TypeConverter

Camel has now been configured to not package scan for custom @Converter classes on startup. Type converters are now loaded and registered in faster way via source code generated loader classes by having @Converter(loader = true) specified. If you have custom converters and have not migrated to use source code generated loaders, you can enable package scanning by setting


And in XML:

<camelContext loadTypeConverters="true">

And in Spring Boot application.properties:


Graceful Shutdown Timeout

When shutting down Camel, then the default timeout has changed from 300 seconds (5 minutes) to 45 seconds. The 45 seconds was chosen as 30 seconds is a common timeout to use for remote protocols, so we wanted to give Camel a bit more time, and hence added 15 seconds so the default is 45 seconds.

Message History

The message history is now default disabled (due to optimize core for lower footprint out of the box). See the Message History documentation for how to enabled message history.

Inflight Repository

The inflight repository now does no longer allow browsing each individual exchange (due to optimize core for lower footprint out of the box). To enable browsing then you can turn this on via:


And in XML DSL:

<camelContext inflightRepositoryBrowseEnabled="true">


Component Extension Verifier

When using component verifier (org.apache.camel.component.extension.ComponentVerifierExtension) then you would know need to add camel-core-catalog to the classpath to make this useable. If the JAR is missing, there will be an exception stating that RuntimeCamelCatalog is not found and that this JAR should be added.


The ManagedRuntimeCatalog JMX MBean is removed and no longer available.

Spring Boot JMX

The camel-management dependency of camel-spring-boot was removed as Spring Boot 2.2+ disables JMX by default.

To continue using JMX with Camel Spring Boot add the following dependency:


Custom components

Camel now uses Camel Package Maven Plugin instead of camel-apt APT compiler to generate component meta data.

Custom components should then change in the pom.xml from:


To the following:

      Recompile source after generated loader classes have been created.
      The maven-compiler-plugin must be defined in the POM after the
      camel-package-maven-plugin so recompile runs after generated
      sources have been created.

      Adjust configuration for the JDK version your project uses.

API changes

log changed to private static LOG

The ServiceSupport class has changed its logging from instance to static, which means any inherited class that uses log would need to change the code to compile. This may happen in custom Camel components.

Before you may have:

    log.debug("Sending message to foobar service: {}", messageId);

You then need to migrate the logging to also be static:

    private static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(FooBarProducer.class);

    LOG.debug("Sending message to foobar service: {}", messageId);


The Exchange API has been modified slightly as part of an optimization effort. The return value of getCreated was changed from java.util.Date to long which is the time millis. The Exchange.CREATED_TIMESTAMP is no longer stored as exchange property, but you should use the getCreated method on Exchange. The return value of isExternalRedelivered was changed from Boolean to boolean.

Some of the advanced and API for component developers on Exchange has been moved to an extended interface ExtendedExchange. The following methods have been moved:

  • setFromEndpoint

  • setFromRouteId

  • setUnitOfWork

  • addOnCompletion

  • containsOnCompletion

  • handoverCompletions

You can use these methods by adapting to the extended exchange as shown below:



The message ID will now default to use the same id as Exchange ID as messages are associated with the exchange and using different IDs does not offer much value. Another reason is to optimize for performance to avoid generating new IDs. A few Camel components do provide their own message IDs such as the JMS components.


Advanced Camel users whom implement a custom UnitOfWork should implement the new `isBeforeAfterProcess()' method and return true or false, whether Camel should invoke the before and after processor methods.

The method getId has been removed.


Cookies from camel-http-common has been moved into a new camel-http-base JAR. The package org.apache.camel.http.common.cookie is renamed to org.apache.camel.http.base.cookie.


To signal an Exchange to stop continue routing has changed from setting the exchange property Exchange.ROUTE_STOP to true. Instead you should now use the setRouteStop method on the Exchange API.

    exchange.setProperty(Exchange.ROUTE_STOP, Boolean.TRUE);

Should now be:



To signal an Exchange to rollback a transaction has changed from setting the exchange property Exchange.ROLLBACK_ONLY to true. Instead you should now use the setRollbackOnly method on the Exchange API (the same for rollback only last).

    exchange.setProperty(Exchange.ROLLBACK_ONLY, Boolean.TRUE);

Should now be:



The exchange property Exchange.ERRORHANDLER_HANDLED was used to indicate that the error handling mechanism for a given exchange had completed. This property sometimes had to be conveyed by aggregation strategies, so instead of


one should now use:

    Boolean handled = newExchange.adapt(ExtendedExchange.class)

ModelHelper removed

The class org.apache.camel.model.ModelHelper has been removed. Instead you can use its functionality from ExtendedCamelContext by the getModelToXMLDumper and getXMLRoutesDefinitionLoader methods which has APIs similar to ModelHelper.

JsonSchemaHelper removed

The class org.apache.camel.tooling.util.JSonSchemaHelper has been removed. Instead you can use utils coming from camel-util-json and the class org.apache.camel.tooling.util.PackageHelper


The class org.apache.camel.processor.validation.PredicateValidatingProcessor has moved from camel-xml-jaxp JAR to camel-support JAR and renamed to org.apache.camel.support.processor.PredicateValidatingProcessor.

Java DSL

The Java DSL has been revisited and the following methods have been removed:

  • ExpressionClause::body(Supplier<Object>)

  • MulticastDefinition::onPrepare(Supplier<Processor>)

  • ProcessorDefinition::process(Supplier<Processor>)

  • ProcessorDefinition::setBody(Supplier<Result>)

  • RecipientListDefinition::onPrepare(Supplier<Processor>)

  • SplitDefinition::onPrepare(Supplier<Processor>)

  • WireTapDefinition::newExchange(Supplier<Processor>)

  • WireTapDefinition::onPrepare(Supplier<Processor>)

This change is motivated by the need to remove method ambiguity for untyped languages such as Groovy and JavaScript, for more info see https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/CAMEL-14300


Some unused methods have been removed from CamelContext which were not part of the public API. The following methods have been removed:

  • getProducerServicePool

  • setProducerServicePool

  • getPollingConsumerServicePool

  • setPollingConsumerServicePool

Internal API changes

Removed the method getProcessors from Pipeline as you should use the next method instead to access a read-only view of the processors.


The @Experimental annotation is moved from meta-annotations JAR to camel-api and moved from package org.apache.camel.meta to org.apache.camel. And the meta-annotations has been removed.

Property Placeholders

The support for out-of-band property placeholders has been removed. This means that XML that were using the http://camel.apache.org/schema/placeholder namespace and that the java builders using the .placeholder(key, value). have to be modified.

        .placeholder("stopOnException", "stop")

should be rewritten as:



        <from uri="direct:start"/>
        <multicast prop:stopOnException="stop">
            <to uri="mock:a"/>

should be rewritten as:

        <from uri="direct:start"/>
        <multicast stopOnException="{{stop}}">
            <to uri="mock:a"/>