To D

Camel supports the Message Endpoint from the EIP patterns using the Endpoint interface.

How does an application connect to a messaging channel to send and receive messages?


Connect an application to a messaging channel using a Message Endpoint, a client of the messaging system that the application can then use to send or receive messages.

In Camel the ToD EIP is used for sending messages to dynamic endpoints.

The To and ToD EIPs are the most common patterns to use in Camel routes.


The To D eip supports 9 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type


Sets the description of this node.



Whether to disable this EIP from the route during build time. Once an EIP has been disabled then it cannot be enabled later at runtime.




Required The uri of the endpoint to send to. The uri can be dynamic computed using the org.apache.camel.language.simple.SimpleLanguage expression.



To use a variable to store the received message body (only body, not headers). This is handy for easy access to the received message body via variables. Important: When using receive variable then the received body is stored only in this variable and not on the current org.apache.camel.Message .



To use a variable as the source for the message body to send. This makes it handy to use variables for user data and to easily control what data to use for sending and receiving. Important: When using send variable then the message body is taken from this variable instead of the current Message , however the headers from the Message will still be used as well. In other words, the variable is used instead of the message body, but everything else is as usual.



Sets the optional ExchangePattern used to invoke this endpoint.

Enum values:

  • InOnly

  • InOut



Sets the maximum size used by the org.apache.camel.spi.ProducerCache which is used to cache and reuse producers when using this recipient list, when uris are reused. Beware that when using dynamic endpoints then it affects how well the cache can be utilized. If each dynamic endpoint is unique then its best to turn off caching by setting this to -1, which allows Camel to not cache both the producers and endpoints; they are regarded as prototype scoped and will be stopped and discarded after use. This reduces memory usage as otherwise producers/endpoints are stored in memory in the caches. However if there are a high degree of dynamic endpoints that have been used before, then it can benefit to use the cache to reuse both producers and endpoints and therefore the cache size can be set accordingly or rely on the default size (1000). If there is a mix of unique and used before dynamic endpoints, then setting a reasonable cache size can help reduce memory usage to avoid storing too many non frequent used producers.



Whether to ignore invalid endpoint URIs and skip sending the message.




Whether to allow components to optimise toD if they are org.apache.camel.spi.SendDynamicAware .




Whether to auto startup components when toD is starting up.



Different between To and ToD

The to is used for sending messages to a static endpoint. In other words to sends messages only to the same endpoint.

The toD is used for sending messages to a dynamic endpoint. The dynamic endpoint is evaluated on-demand by an Expression. By default, the Simple expression is used to compute the dynamic endpoint URI.

Using ToD

For example, to send a message to an endpoint which is dynamically determined by a message header, you can do as shown below:

  • Java

  • XML

  <from uri="direct:start"/>
  <toD uri="${}"/>

You can also prefix the uri with a value because the endpoint URI is evaluated using the Simple language:

  • Java

  • XML

  <from uri="direct:start"/>
  <toD uri="mock:${}"/>

In the example above, we compute the dynamic endpoint with a prefix "mock:" and then the header foo is appended. So, for example, if the header foo has value order, then the endpoint is computed as "mock:order".

Using other languages with toD

You can also use other languages such as XPath. Doing this requires starting with language: as shown below. If you do not specify language: then the endpoint is a component name. And in some cases, there is both a component and language with the same name such as xquery.

  • Java

  • XML

  <from uri="direct:start"/>
  <toD uri="language:xpath:/order/@uri"/>

Avoid creating endless dynamic endpoints that take up resources

When using dynamic computed endpoints with toD then you may compute a lot of dynamic endpoints, which results in an overhead of resources in use, by each dynamic endpoint uri, and its associated producer.

For example, HTTP-based endpoints where you may have dynamic values in URI parameters when calling the HTTP service, such as:


In the example above then the parameter userid is dynamically computed, and would result in one instance of endpoint and producer for each different userid. To avoid having too many dynamic endpoints you can configure toD to reduce its cache size, for example, to use a cache size of 10:

  • Java

  • XML

  .toD("http:myloginserver:8080/login?userid=${header.userName}", 10);
  <from uri="direct:login"/>
  <toD uri="http:myloginserver:8080/login?userid=${header.userName}" cacheSize="10"/>
this will only reduce the endpoint cache of the toD that has a chance of being reused in case a message is routed with the same userName header. Therefore, reducing the cache size will not solve the endless dynamic endpoint problem. Instead, you should use static endpoints with to and provide the dynamic parts in Camel message headers (if possible).

Using static endpoints to avoid endless dynamic endpoints

In the example above then the parameter userid is dynamically computed, and would result in one instance of endpoint and producer for each different userid. To avoid having too dynamic endpoints, you use a single static endpoint and use headers to provide the dynamic parts:

  .setHeader(Exchange.HTTP_PATH, constant("/login"))
  .setHeader(Exchange.HTTP_QUERY, simple("userid=${header.userName}"))

However, you can use optimized components for toD that can solve this out of the box, as documented next.

Using optimized components with toD

A better solution would be if the HTTP component could be optimized to handle the variations of dynamic computed endpoint uris. This is with among the following components, which have been optimized for toD:

  • camel-http

  • camel-jetty

  • camel-netty-http

  • camel-undertow

  • camel-vertx-http

A number of non-HTTP components has been optimized as well:

  • camel-amqp

  • camel-file

  • camel-ftp

  • camel-jms

  • camel-kafka

  • camel-paho-mqtt5

  • camel-paho

  • camel-sjms

  • camel-sjms2

  • camel-spring-rabbitmq

For the optimisation to work, then:

  1. The optimization is detected and activated during startup of the Camel routes with toD.

  2. The dynamic uri in toD must provide the component name as either static or resolved via property placeholders.

  3. The supported components must be on the classpath.

The HTTP based components will be optimized to use the same hostname:port for each endpoint, and the dynamic values for context-path and query parameters will be provided as headers:

For example, this route:


It Will essentially be optimized to (pseudo route):

  .setHeader(Exchange.HTTP_PATH, expression("/login"))
  .setHeader(Exchange.HTTP_QUERY, expression("userid=${header.userName}"))

Where expression will be evaluated dynamically. Notice how the uri in toD is now static (http:myloginserver:8080). This optimization allows Camel to reuse the same endpoint and its associated producer for all dynamic variations. This yields much lower resource overhead as the same http producer will be used for all the different variations of userids.

When the optimized component is in use, then you cannot use the headers Exchange.HTTP_PATH and Exchange.HTTP_QUERY to provide dynamic values to override the uri in toD. If you want to use these headers, then use the plain to DSL instead. In other words these headers are used internally by toD to carry the dynamic details of the endpoint.

In case of problems then you can turn on DEBUG logging level on org.apache.camel.processor.SendDynamicProcessor which will log during startup if toD was optimized, or if there was a failure loading the optimized component, with a stacktrace logged.

Detected SendDynamicAware component: http optimising toD: http:myloginserver:8080/login?userid=${header.userName}