Since Camel 4.5

Camel supports Wasm to allow using Expression or Predicate.

Wasm Options

The Wasm language supports 3 options, which are listed below.

Name Default Java Type Description



Required Set the module (the distributable, loadable, and executable unit of code in WebAssembly) resource that provides the expression function.



Sets the class of the result type (type from output).




Whether to trim the value to remove leading and trailing whitespaces and line breaks.

Writing A Wasm function

In Wasm, sharing objects between the host, in this case the JVM, and the Wasm module is deliberately restricted and as of today, it requires a number of steps:

  1. From the host, call a function inside the webassembly module that allocates a block of memory and returns its address, then save it

  2. From the host, write the data that should be exchanged with the Wasm module to the saved address

  3. From the host, invoke the required function passing both the address where the data is written and its size

  4. From the Wasm module, read the data and process it

  5. From the host, release the memory when done

Providing functions for memory management

The module hosting the function must provide the functions to allocate/deallocate memory that must be named alloc and dealloc respectively.

Here’s an example of the mentioned functions implemented in Rust:

pub extern "C" fn alloc(size: u32) -> *mut u8 {
    let mut buf = Vec::with_capacity(size as usize);
    let ptr = buf.as_mut_ptr();

    // tell Rust not to clean this up


pub unsafe extern "C" fn dealloc(ptr: &mut u8, len: i32) {
    // Retakes the pointer which allows its memory to be freed.
    let _ = Vec::from_raw_parts(ptr, 0, len as usize);

Data shapes

It is not possible to share a Java object with the Wasm module directly, and as mentioned before, data exchange leverages Wasm’s memory that can be accessed by both the host and the guest runtimes. At this stage, the data structure that the component exchange with the Wasm function is a subset of the Apache Camel Message, containing headers the body encoded as a base64 string:

public static class Wrapper {
    public Map<String, String> headers = new HashMap<>();

    public byte[] body;

Data processing

The component expects the processing function to have the following signature:

fn function(ptr: u32, len: u32) -> u64
  • it accepts two 32bit unsigned integers arguments

    • a pointer to the memory location when the input data has been written (ptr)

    • the size of the input data (len)

  • it returns a 64bit unsigned integer where:

    • the first 32bit represents a pointer to the return data

    • the last 31bit represents the size of the return data

    • the most significant bit of the returned data size is reserved to signal an error, so if it is set, then the return data could contain an error message/code/etc

Here’s an example of a complete function:

#[derive(Serialize, Deserialize)]
struct Message {
    headers: HashMap<String, serde_json::Value>,

    #[serde(with = "Base64Standard")]
    body: Vec<u8>,

#[cfg_attr(all(target_arch = "wasm32"), export_name = "transform")]
pub extern fn transform(ptr: u32, len: u32) -> u64 {
    let bytes = unsafe {
            ptr as *mut u8,
            len as usize)

    let msg: Message = serde_json::from_slice(bytes).unwrap();
    let res = String::from_utf8(msg.body).unwrap().to_uppercase().as_bytes().to_vec();

    let out_len = res.len();
    let out_ptr = alloc(out_len as u32);

    unsafe {
            out_len as usize)

    return ((out_ptr as u64) << 32) | out_len as u64;


Supposing we have compiled a Wasm module containing the function above, then it can be called in a Camel Route by its name and module resource location:

 try (CamelContext cc = new DefaultCamelContext()) {
    FluentProducerTemplate pt = cc.createFluentProducerTemplate();

    cc.addRoutes(new RouteBuilder() {
        public void configure() throws Exception {
                      .wasm("transform", "classpath://functions.wasm");

    Exchange out = pt.to("direct:in")
            .withHeader("foo", "bar")

            .containsEntry("foo", "bar");


If you use Maven you could add the following to your pom.xml, substituting the version number for the latest and greatest release.


Spring Boot Auto-Configuration

When using wasm with Spring Boot make sure to use the following Maven dependency to have support for auto configuration:

  <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->

The component supports 6 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type


Whether autowiring is enabled. This is used for automatic autowiring options (the option must be marked as autowired) by looking up in the registry to find if there is a single instance of matching type, which then gets configured on the component. This can be used for automatic configuring JDBC data sources, JMS connection factories, AWS Clients, etc.




Whether to enable auto configuration of the wasm component. This is enabled by default.



Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.




Whether to enable auto configuration of the wasm language. This is enabled by default.



Set the module (the distributable, loadable, and executable unit of code in WebAssembly) resource that provides the expression function.



Whether to trim the value to remove leading and trailing whitespaces and line breaks.