The Throttler Pattern allows you to ensure that a specific endpoint does not get overloaded, or that we don't exceed an agreed SLA with some external service.
Maximum number of requests per period to throttle. This option must be provided as a positive number. Notice, in the XML DSL, from Camel 2.8 onwards this option is configured using an Expression instead of an attribute.
The time period in milliseconds, in which the throttler will allow at most
maximumRequestsPerPeriod number of messages.
Camel 2.4: If enabled then any messages which is delayed happens asynchronously using a scheduled thread pool.
Camel 2.4: Refers to a custom Thread Pool to be used if
asyncDelay has been enabled.
Camel 2.4: Is used if
asyncDelayed was enabled. This controls if the caller thread should execute the task if the thread pool rejected the task.
Using the Fluent Builders
So the above example will throttle messages all messages received on seda:a before being sent to mock:result ensuring that a maximum of 3 messages are sent in any 10 second window.
Note that since
timePeriodMillis defaults to 1000 milliseconds, just setting the
maximumRequestsPerPeriod has the effect of setting the maximum number of requests per second. So to throttle requests at 100 requests per second between two endpoints, it would look more like this...
For further examples of this pattern in use you could look at the junit test case
Using the Spring XML Extensions
Camel 2.7.x or older
Camel 2.8 onwards
In Camel 2.8 onwards you must set the maximum period as an Expression as shown below where we use a Constant expression:
Dynamically changing maximum requests per period
Available as of Camel 2.8
Since we use an Expression you can adjust this value at runtime, for example you can provide a header with the value. At runtime Camel evaluates the expression and converts the result to a
java.lang.Long type. In the example below we use a header from the message to determine the maximum requests per period. If the header is absent, then the Throttler uses the old value. So that allows you to only provide a header if the value is to be changed:
Available as of Camel 2.4
You can let the Throttler use non blocking asynchronous delaying, which means Camel will use a scheduler to schedule a task to be executed in the future. The task will then continue routing. This allows the caller thread to not block and be able to service other messages, etc.
Using This Pattern
If you would like to use this EIP Pattern then please read the Getting Started, you may also find the Architecture useful particularly the description of Endpoint and URIs. Then you could try out some of the Examples first before trying this pattern out.