Loop EIP

The Loop allows for processing a message a number of times, possibly in a different way for each iteration. Useful mostly during testing.

Default mode
=== Notice by default the loop uses the same exchange throughout the looping. So the result from the previous iteration will be used for the next (eg Pipes and Filters). You can enable copy mode instead. See the options table for more details. ===

Options

The Loop EIP supports 2 options which are listed below:

Name Description Default Type

copy

If the copy attribute is true, a copy of the input Exchange is used for each iteration. That means each iteration will start from a copy of the same message. By default loop will loop the same exchange all over, so each iteration may have different message content.

false

Boolean

doWhile

Enables the while loop that loops until the predicate evaluates to false or null.

false

Boolean

Exchange properties

For each iteration two properties are set on the Exchange. Processors can rely on these properties to process the Message in different ways.

Property Description

CamelLoopSize

Total number of loops. This is not available if running the loop in while loop mode.

CamelLoopIndex

Index of the current iteration (0 based)

Samples

The following example shows how to take a request from the direct:x endpoint, then send the message repetitively to mock:result. The number of times the message is sent is either passed as an argument to loop(), or determined at runtime by evaluating an expression. The expression must evaluate to an int, otherwise a RuntimeCamelException is thrown.

Pass loop count as an argument

from("direct:a")
    .loop(8)
        .to("mock:result");

Use expression to determine loop count

from("direct:b")
    .loop(header("loop"))
        .to("mock:result");

Use expression to determine loop count

from("direct:c")
    .loop(xpath("/hello/@times"))
        .to("mock:result");

And examples in XML:

Pass loop count as an argument

<route>
  <from uri="direct:a"/>
  <loop>
    <constant>8</constant>
    <to uri="mock:result"/>
  </loop>
</route>

Use expression to determine loop count

<route>
  <from uri="direct:b"/>
  <loop>
    <header>loop</header>
    <to uri="mock:result"/>
  </loop>
</route>

Using copy mode

Available as of Camel 2.8

Now suppose we send a message to "direct:start" endpoint containing the letter A.
The output of processing this route will be that, each "mock:loop" endpoint will receive "AB" as message.

from("direct:start")
    // instruct loop to use copy mode, which mean it will use a copy of the input exchange
    // for each loop iteration, instead of keep using the same exchange all over
    .loop(3).copy()
        .transform(body().append("B"))
        .to("mock:loop")
    .end() // end loop
    .to("mock:result");

However if we do not enable copy mode then "mock:loop" will receive "AB", "ABB", "ABBB", etc. messages.

from("direct:start")
    // by default loop will keep using the same exchange so on the 2nd and 3rd iteration its
    // the same exchange that was previous used that are being looped all over
    .loop(3)
        .transform(body().append("B"))
        .to("mock:loop")
    .end() // end loop
    .to("mock:result");

The equivalent example in XML DSL in copy mode is as follows:

<route>
  <from uri="direct:start"/>
  <!-- enable copy mode for loop eip -->
  <loop copy="true">
    <constant>3</constant>
    <transform>
      <simple>${body}B</simple>
    </transform>
    <to uri="mock:loop"/>
  </loop>
  <to uri="mock:result"/>
</route>

Using while mode

Available as of Camel 2.17

The loop can act like a while loop that loops until the expression evaluates to false or null.
For example the route below loops while the length of the message body is 5 or less characters. Notice that the DSL uses loopDoWhile.

from("direct:start")
    .loopDoWhile(simple("${body.length} <= 5"))
        .to("mock:loop")
        .transform(body().append("A"))
    .end() // end loop
    .to("mock:result");

And the same example in XML:

<route>
  <from uri="direct:start"/>
  <loop doWhile="true">
    <simple>${body.length} &lt;= 5</simple>
    <to uri="mock:loop"/>
    <transform>
      <simple>A${body}</simple>
    </transform>
  </loop>
  <to uri="mock:result"/>
</route>

Notice in XML that the while loop is turned on using the doWhile attribute.