VM Component

Available as of Camel version 1.1

The VM component provides asynchronous SEDA behavior, exchanging messages on a BlockingQueue and invoking consumers in a separate thread pool.

This component differs from the Seda component in that VM supports communication across CamelContext instances - so you can use this mechanism to communicate across web applications (provided that camel-core.jar is on the system/boot classpath).

VM is an extension to the Seda component.

URI format

vm:queueName[?options]

Where queueName can be any string to uniquely identify the endpoint within the JVM (or at least within the classloader that loaded camel-core.jar)

You can append query options to the URI in the following format: ?option=value&option=value&…​

It is sufficient to list all the options for a consumer endpoint only.

from("direct:foo").to("vm:bar");

from("vm:bar?concurrentConsumers=5").to("file://output");

Options

The VM component supports 6 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

queueSize (advanced)

Sets the default maximum capacity of the SEDA queue (i.e., the number of messages it can hold).

1000

int

concurrentConsumers (consumer)

Sets the default number of concurrent threads processing exchanges.

1

int

defaultQueueFactory (advanced)

Sets the default queue factory.

BlockingQueueFactory

defaultBlockWhenFull (producer)

Whether a thread that sends messages to a full SEDA queue will block until the queue’s capacity is no longer exhausted. By default, an exception will be thrown stating that the queue is full. By enabling this option, the calling thread will instead block and wait until the message can be accepted.

false

boolean

defaultOfferTimeout (producer)

Whether a thread that sends messages to a full SEDA queue will block until the queue’s capacity is no longer exhausted. By default, an exception will be thrown stating that the queue is full. By enabling this option, where a configured timeout can be added to the block case. Utilizing the .offer(timeout) method of the underlining java queue

long

basicPropertyBinding (advanced)

Whether the component should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

boolean

The VM endpoint is configured using URI syntax:

vm:name

with the following path and query parameters:

Path Parameters (1 parameters):

Name Description Default Type

name

Required Name of queue

String

Query Parameters (19 parameters):

Name Description Default Type

size (common)

The maximum capacity of the SEDA queue (i.e., the number of messages it can hold). Will by default use the defaultSize set on the SEDA component.

1000

int

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

boolean

concurrentConsumers (consumer)

Number of concurrent threads processing exchanges.

1

int

exceptionHandler (consumer)

To let the consumer use a custom ExceptionHandler. Notice if the option bridgeErrorHandler is enabled then this option is not in use. By default the consumer will deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

ExceptionHandler

exchangePattern (consumer)

Sets the exchange pattern when the consumer creates an exchange.

ExchangePattern

limitConcurrentConsumers (consumer)

Whether to limit the number of concurrentConsumers to the maximum of 500. By default, an exception will be thrown if an endpoint is configured with a greater number. You can disable that check by turning this option off.

true

boolean

multipleConsumers (consumer)

Specifies whether multiple consumers are allowed. If enabled, you can use SEDA for Publish-Subscribe messaging. That is, you can send a message to the SEDA queue and have each consumer receive a copy of the message. When enabled, this option should be specified on every consumer endpoint.

false

boolean

pollTimeout (consumer)

The timeout used when polling. When a timeout occurs, the consumer can check whether it is allowed to continue running. Setting a lower value allows the consumer to react more quickly upon shutdown.

1000

int

purgeWhenStopping (consumer)

Whether to purge the task queue when stopping the consumer/route. This allows to stop faster, as any pending messages on the queue is discarded.

false

boolean

blockWhenFull (producer)

Whether a thread that sends messages to a full SEDA queue will block until the queue’s capacity is no longer exhausted. By default, an exception will be thrown stating that the queue is full. By enabling this option, the calling thread will instead block and wait until the message can be accepted.

false

boolean

discardIfNoConsumers (producer)

Whether the producer should discard the message (do not add the message to the queue), when sending to a queue with no active consumers. Only one of the options discardIfNoConsumers and failIfNoConsumers can be enabled at the same time.

false

boolean

failIfNoConsumers (producer)

Whether the producer should fail by throwing an exception, when sending to a queue with no active consumers. Only one of the options discardIfNoConsumers and failIfNoConsumers can be enabled at the same time.

false

boolean

lazyStartProducer (producer)

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

boolean

offerTimeout (producer)

offerTimeout (in milliseconds) can be added to the block case when queue is full. You can disable timeout by using 0 or a negative value.

long

timeout (producer)

Timeout (in milliseconds) before a SEDA producer will stop waiting for an asynchronous task to complete. You can disable timeout by using 0 or a negative value.

30000

long

waitForTaskToComplete (producer)

Option to specify whether the caller should wait for the async task to complete or not before continuing. The following three options are supported: Always, Never or IfReplyExpected. The first two values are self-explanatory. The last value, IfReplyExpected, will only wait if the message is Request Reply based. The default option is IfReplyExpected.

IfReplyExpected

WaitForTaskToComplete

basicPropertyBinding (advanced)

Whether the endpoint should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

boolean

queue (advanced)

Define the queue instance which will be used by the endpoint. This option is only for rare use-cases where you want to use a custom queue instance.

BlockingQueue

synchronous (advanced)

Sets whether synchronous processing should be strictly used, or Camel is allowed to use asynchronous processing (if supported).

false

boolean

Spring Boot Auto-Configuration

When using Spring Boot make sure to use the following Maven dependency to have support for auto configuration:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
  <artifactId>camel-vm-starter</artifactId>
  <version>x.x.x</version>
  <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

The component supports 7 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

camel.component.vm.basic-property-binding

Whether the component should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

Boolean

camel.component.vm.concurrent-consumers

Sets the default number of concurrent threads processing exchanges.

1

Integer

camel.component.vm.default-block-when-full

Whether a thread that sends messages to a full SEDA queue will block until the queue’s capacity is no longer exhausted. By default, an exception will be thrown stating that the queue is full. By enabling this option, the calling thread will instead block and wait until the message can be accepted.

false

Boolean

camel.component.vm.default-offer-timeout

Whether a thread that sends messages to a full SEDA queue will block until the queue’s capacity is no longer exhausted. By default, an exception will be thrown stating that the queue is full. By enabling this option, where a configured timeout can be added to the block case. Utilizing the .offer(timeout) method of the underlining java queue

Long

camel.component.vm.default-queue-factory

Sets the default queue factory. The option is a org.apache.camel.component.seda.BlockingQueueFactory<org.apache.camel.Exchange> type.

String

camel.component.vm.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the vm component. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.component.vm.queue-size

Sets the default maximum capacity of the SEDA queue (i.e., the number of messages it can hold).

1000

Integer

See the Seda component for options and other important usage details as the same rules apply to the Vm component.

Samples

In the route below we send exchanges across CamelContext instances to a VM queue named order.email:

from("direct:in").bean(MyOrderBean.class).to("vm:order.email");

And then we receive exchanges in some other Camel context (such as deployed in another .war application):

from("vm:order.email").bean(MyOrderEmailSender.class);