LDAP

Since Camel 1.5

Only producer is supported

The LDAP component allows you to perform searches in LDAP servers using filters as the message payload.
This component uses standard JNDI (javax.naming package) to access the server.

Maven users will need to add the following dependency to their pom.xml for this component:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
    <artifactId>camel-ldap</artifactId>
    <version>x.x.x</version>
    <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

URI format

ldap:ldapServerBean[?options]

The ldapServerBean portion of the URI refers to a DirContext bean in the registry. The LDAP component only supports producer endpoints, which means that an ldap URI cannot appear in the from at the start of a route.

Configuring Options

Camel components are configured on two separate levels:

  • component level

  • endpoint level

Configuring Component Options

The component level is the highest level which holds general and common configurations that are inherited by the endpoints. For example a component may have security settings, credentials for authentication, urls for network connection and so forth.

Some components only have a few options, and others may have many. Because components typically have pre configured defaults that are commonly used, then you may often only need to configure a few options on a component; or none at all.

Configuring components can be done with the Component DSL, in a configuration file (application.properties|yaml), or directly with Java code.

Configuring Endpoint Options

Where you find yourself configuring the most is on endpoints, as endpoints often have many options, which allows you to configure what you need the endpoint to do. The options are also categorized into whether the endpoint is used as consumer (from) or as a producer (to), or used for both.

Configuring endpoints is most often done directly in the endpoint URI as path and query parameters. You can also use the Endpoint DSL as a type safe way of configuring endpoints.

A good practice when configuring options is to use Property Placeholders, which allows to not hardcode urls, port numbers, sensitive information, and other settings. In other words placeholders allows to externalize the configuration from your code, and gives more flexibility and reuse.

The following two sections lists all the options, firstly for the component followed by the endpoint.

Component Options

The LDAP component supports 2 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

lazyStartProducer (producer)

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

boolean

autowiredEnabled (advanced)

Whether autowiring is enabled. This is used for automatic autowiring options (the option must be marked as autowired) by looking up in the registry to find if there is a single instance of matching type, which then gets configured on the component. This can be used for automatic configuring JDBC data sources, JMS connection factories, AWS Clients, etc.

boolean

Endpoint Options

The LDAP endpoint is configured using URI syntax:

ldap:dirContextName

with the following path and query parameters:

Path Parameters (1 parameters)

Name Description Default Type

dirContextName (producer)

Required Name of either a javax.naming.directory.DirContext, or java.util.Hashtable, or Map bean to lookup in the registry. If the bean is either a Hashtable or Map then a new javax.naming.directory.DirContext instance is created for each use. If the bean is a javax.naming.directory.DirContext then the bean is used as given. The latter may not be possible in all situations where the javax.naming.directory.DirContext must not be shared, and in those situations it can be better to use java.util.Hashtable or Map instead.

String

Query Parameters (5 parameters)

Name Description Default Type

base (producer)

The base DN for searches.

String

lazyStartProducer (producer)

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

boolean

pageSize (producer)

When specified the ldap module uses paging to retrieve all results (most LDAP Servers throw an exception when trying to retrieve more than 1000 entries in one query). To be able to use this a LdapContext (subclass of DirContext) has to be passed in as ldapServerBean (otherwise an exception is thrown).

Integer

returnedAttributes (producer)

Comma-separated list of attributes that should be set in each entry of the result.

String

scope (producer)

Specifies how deeply to search the tree of entries, starting at the base DN.

Enum values:

  • object

  • onelevel

  • subtree

String

Result

The result is returned in the Out body as a ArrayList<javax.naming.directory.SearchResult> object.

DirContext

The URI, ldap:ldapserver, references a Spring bean with the ID, ldapserver. The ldapserver bean may be defined as follows:

<bean id="ldapserver" class="javax.naming.directory.InitialDirContext" scope="prototype">
  <constructor-arg>
    <props>
      <prop key="java.naming.factory.initial">com.sun.jndi.ldap.LdapCtxFactory</prop>
      <prop key="java.naming.provider.url">ldap://localhost:10389</prop>
      <prop key="java.naming.security.authentication">none</prop>
    </props>
  </constructor-arg>
</bean>

The preceding example declares a regular Sun based LDAP DirContext that connects anonymously to a locally hosted LDAP server.

DirContext objects are not required to support concurrency by contract. It is therefore important that the directory context is declared with the setting, scope="prototype", in the bean definition or that the context supports concurrency. In the Spring framework, prototype scoped objects are instantiated each time they are looked up.

Samples

Following on from the Spring configuration above, the code sample below sends an LDAP request to filter search a group for a member. The Common Name is then extracted from the response.

ProducerTemplate<Exchange> template = exchange
  .getContext().createProducerTemplate();

Collection<?> results = (Collection<?>) (template
  .sendBody(
    "ldap:ldapserver?base=ou=mygroup,ou=groups,ou=system",
    "(member=uid=huntc,ou=users,ou=system)"));

if (results.size() > 0) {
  // Extract what we need from the device's profile

  Iterator<?> resultIter = results.iterator();
  SearchResult searchResult = (SearchResult) resultIter
      .next();
  Attributes attributes = searchResult
      .getAttributes();
  Attribute deviceCNAttr = attributes.get("cn");
  String deviceCN = (String) deviceCNAttr.get();

  ...

If no specific filter is required - for example, you just need to look up a single entry - specify a wildcard filter expression. For example, if the LDAP entry has a Common Name, use a filter expression like:

(cn=*)

Binding using credentials

A Camel end user donated this sample code he used to bind to the ldap server using credentials.

Properties props = new Properties();
props.setProperty(Context.INITIAL_CONTEXT_FACTORY, "com.sun.jndi.ldap.LdapCtxFactory");
props.setProperty(Context.PROVIDER_URL, "ldap://localhost:389");
props.setProperty(Context.URL_PKG_PREFIXES, "com.sun.jndi.url");
props.setProperty(Context.REFERRAL, "ignore");
props.setProperty(Context.SECURITY_AUTHENTICATION, "simple");
props.setProperty(Context.SECURITY_PRINCIPAL, "cn=Manager");
props.setProperty(Context.SECURITY_CREDENTIALS, "secret");

SimpleRegistry reg = new SimpleRegistry();
reg.put("myldap", new InitialLdapContext(props, null));

CamelContext context = new DefaultCamelContext(reg);
context.addRoutes(
    new RouteBuilder() {
        public void configure() throws Exception {
            from("direct:start").to("ldap:myldap?base=ou=test");
        }
    }
);
context.start();

ProducerTemplate template = context.createProducerTemplate();

Endpoint endpoint = context.getEndpoint("direct:start");
Exchange exchange = endpoint.createExchange();
exchange.getIn().setBody("(uid=test)");
Exchange out = template.send(endpoint, exchange);

Collection<SearchResult> data = out.getOut().getBody(Collection.class);
assert data != null;
assert !data.isEmpty();

System.out.println(out.getOut().getBody());

context.stop();

Configuring SSL

All required is to create a custom socket factory and reference it in the InitialDirContext bean - see below sample.

SSL Configuration

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<blueprint xmlns="http://www.osgi.org/xmlns/blueprint/v1.0.0"
           xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
           xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.osgi.org/xmlns/blueprint/v1.0.0 http://www.osgi.org/xmlns/blueprint/v1.0.0/blueprint.xsd
                 http://camel.apache.org/schema/blueprint http://camel.apache.org/schema/blueprint/camel-blueprint.xsd">


    <sslContextParameters xmlns="http://camel.apache.org/schema/blueprint"
                          id="sslContextParameters">
        <keyManagers
                keyPassword="{{keystore.pwd}}">
            <keyStore
                    resource="{{keystore.url}}"
                    password="{{keystore.pwd}}"/>
        </keyManagers>
    </sslContextParameters>

    <bean id="customSocketFactory" class="zotix.co.util.CustomSocketFactory">
        <argument ref="sslContextParameters" />
    </bean>
    <bean id="ldapserver" class="javax.naming.directory.InitialDirContext" scope="prototype">
        <argument>
            <props>
                <prop key="java.naming.factory.initial" value="com.sun.jndi.ldap.LdapCtxFactory"/>
                <prop key="java.naming.provider.url" value="ldaps://lab.zotix.co:636"/>
                <prop key="java.naming.security.protocol" value="ssl"/>
                <prop key="java.naming.security.authentication" value="simple" />
                <prop key="java.naming.security.principal" value="cn=Manager,dc=example,dc=com"/>
                <prop key="java.naming.security.credentials" value="passw0rd"/>
                <prop key="java.naming.ldap.factory.socket"
                      value="zotix.co.util.CustomSocketFactory"/>
            </props>
        </argument>
    </bean>
</blueprint>

Custom Socket Factory

import org.apache.camel.support.jsse.SSLContextParameters;

import javax.net.SocketFactory;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLContext;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory;
import javax.net.ssl.TrustManagerFactory;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.InetAddress;
import java.net.Socket;
import java.security.KeyStore;

/**
 * The CustomSocketFactory. Loads the KeyStore and creates an instance of SSLSocketFactory
 */
public class CustomSocketFactory extends SSLSocketFactory {

    private static SSLSocketFactory socketFactory;

    /**
     * Called by the getDefault() method.
     */
    public CustomSocketFactory() {
    }

    /**
     * Called by Blueprint DI to initialise an instance of SocketFactory
     */
    public CustomSocketFactory(SSLContextParameters sslContextParameters) {
        try {
            KeyStore keyStore = sslContextParameters.getKeyManagers().getKeyStore().createKeyStore();
            TrustManagerFactory tmf = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance("SunX509");
            tmf.init(keyStore);
            SSLContext ctx = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
            ctx.init(null, tmf.getTrustManagers(), null);
            socketFactory = ctx.getSocketFactory();
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace(System.err);  /* handle exception */
        }
    }

    /**
     * Getter for the SocketFactory
     *
     * @return
     */
    public static SocketFactory getDefault() {
        return new CustomSocketFactory();
    }

    @Override
    public String[] getDefaultCipherSuites() {
        return socketFactory.getDefaultCipherSuites();
    }

    @Override
    public String[] getSupportedCipherSuites() {
        return socketFactory.getSupportedCipherSuites();
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket(Socket socket, String string, int i, boolean bln) throws IOException {
        return socketFactory.createSocket(socket, string, i, bln);
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket(String string, int i) throws IOException {
        return socketFactory.createSocket(string, i);
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket(String string, int i, InetAddress ia, int i1) throws IOException {
        return socketFactory.createSocket(string, i, ia, i1);
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket(InetAddress ia, int i) throws IOException {
        return socketFactory.createSocket(ia, i);
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket(InetAddress ia, int i, InetAddress ia1, int i1) throws IOException {
        return socketFactory.createSocket(ia, i, ia1, i1);
    }
}

Spring Boot Auto-Configuration

When using ldap with Spring Boot make sure to use the following Maven dependency to have support for auto configuration:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.camel.springboot</groupId>
  <artifactId>camel-ldap-starter</artifactId>
  <version>x.x.x</version>
  <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

The component supports 3 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

camel.component.ldap.autowired-enabled

Whether autowiring is enabled. This is used for automatic autowiring options (the option must be marked as autowired) by looking up in the registry to find if there is a single instance of matching type, which then gets configured on the component. This can be used for automatic configuring JDBC data sources, JMS connection factories, AWS Clients, etc.

true

Boolean

camel.component.ldap.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the ldap component. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.component.ldap.lazy-start-producer

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

Boolean