JOOQ

Since Camel 3.0

Both producer and consumer are supported

The JOOQ component enables you to store and retrieve Java objects from persistent storage using JOOQ library.

JOOQ provides DSL to create queries. There are two types of queries:

  1. org.jooq.Query - can be executed

  2. org.jooq.ResultQuery - can return results

For example:

// Create a Query object and execute it:
Query query = create.query("DELETE FROM BOOK");
query.execute();

// Create a ResultQuery object and execute it, fetching results:
ResultQuery<Record> resultQuery = create.resultQuery("SELECT * FROM BOOK");
Result<Record> result = resultQuery.fetch();

Plain SQL

SQL could be executed using JOOQ’s objects "Query" or "ResultQuery". Also SQL query could be specified inside URI:

from("jooq://org.apache.camel.component.jooq.db.tables.records.BookStoreRecord?query=select * from book_store x where x.name = 'test'").to("bean:myBusinessLogic");

See examples below.

Consuming from endpoint

Consuming messages from a JOOQ consumer endpoint removes (or updates) entity beans in the database. This allows you to use a database table as a logical queue: consumers take messages from the queue and then delete/update them to logically remove them from the queue. If you do not wish to delete the entity bean when it has been processed, you can specify consumeDelete=false on the URI.

Configuring Options

Camel components are configured on two separate levels:

  • component level

  • endpoint level

Configuring Component Options

The component level is the highest level which holds general and common configurations that are inherited by the endpoints. For example a component may have security settings, credentials for authentication, urls for network connection and so forth.

Some components only have a few options, and others may have many. Because components typically have pre configured defaults that are commonly used, then you may often only need to configure a few options on a component; or none at all.

Configuring components can be done with the Component DSL, in a configuration file (application.properties|yaml), or directly with Java code.

Configuring Endpoint Options

Where you find yourself configuring the most is on endpoints, as endpoints often have many options, which allows you to configure what you need the endpoint to do. The options are also categorized into whether the endpoint is used as consumer (from) or as a producer (to), or used for both.

Configuring endpoints is most often done directly in the endpoint URI as path and query parameters. You can also use the Endpoint DSL as a type safe way of configuring endpoints.

A good practice when configuring options is to use Property Placeholders, which allows to not hardcode urls, port numbers, sensitive information, and other settings. In other words placeholders allows to externalize the configuration from your code, and gives more flexibility and reuse.

The following two sections lists all the options, firstly for the component followed by the endpoint.

Component Options

The JOOQ component supports 8 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

configuration (common)

Component configuration (database connection, database entity type, etc.).

JooqConfiguration

databaseConfiguration (common)

To use a specific database configuration.

Configuration

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

boolean

consumeDelete (consumer)

Delete entity after it is consumed.

boolean

lazyStartProducer (producer)

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

boolean

operation (producer)

Type of operation to execute on query.

Enum values:

  • EXECUTE

  • FETCH

  • NONE

JooqOperation

query (producer)

To execute plain SQL query.

String

autowiredEnabled (advanced)

Whether autowiring is enabled. This is used for automatic autowiring options (the option must be marked as autowired) by looking up in the registry to find if there is a single instance of matching type, which then gets configured on the component. This can be used for automatic configuring JDBC data sources, JMS connection factories, AWS Clients, etc.

boolean

Endpoint Options

The JOOQ endpoint is configured using URI syntax:

jooq:entityType

with the following path and query parameters:

Path Parameters (1 parameters)

Name Description Default Type

entityType (common)

JOOQ entity class.

Class

Query Parameters (24 parameters)

Name Description Default Type

databaseConfiguration (common)

To use a specific database configuration.

Configuration

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

boolean

consumeDelete (consumer)

Delete entity after it is consumed.

boolean

sendEmptyMessageWhenIdle (consumer)

If the polling consumer did not poll any files, you can enable this option to send an empty message (no body) instead.

boolean

exceptionHandler (consumer (advanced))

To let the consumer use a custom ExceptionHandler. Notice if the option bridgeErrorHandler is enabled then this option is not in use. By default the consumer will deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

ExceptionHandler

exchangePattern (consumer (advanced))

Sets the exchange pattern when the consumer creates an exchange.

Enum values:

  • InOnly

  • InOut

  • InOptionalOut

ExchangePattern

pollStrategy (consumer (advanced))

A pluggable org.apache.camel.PollingConsumerPollingStrategy allowing you to provide your custom implementation to control error handling usually occurred during the poll operation before an Exchange have been created and being routed in Camel.

PollingConsumerPollStrategy

lazyStartProducer (producer)

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

boolean

operation (producer)

Type of operation to execute on query.

Enum values:

  • EXECUTE

  • FETCH

  • NONE

JooqOperation

query (producer)

To execute plain SQL query.

String

backoffErrorThreshold (scheduler)

The number of subsequent error polls (failed due some error) that should happen before the backoffMultipler should kick-in.

int

backoffIdleThreshold (scheduler)

The number of subsequent idle polls that should happen before the backoffMultipler should kick-in.

int

backoffMultiplier (scheduler)

To let the scheduled polling consumer backoff if there has been a number of subsequent idles/errors in a row. The multiplier is then the number of polls that will be skipped before the next actual attempt is happening again. When this option is in use then backoffIdleThreshold and/or backoffErrorThreshold must also be configured.

int

delay (scheduler)

Milliseconds before the next poll.

long

greedy (scheduler)

If greedy is enabled, then the ScheduledPollConsumer will run immediately again, if the previous run polled 1 or more messages.

boolean

initialDelay (scheduler)

Milliseconds before the first poll starts.

long

repeatCount (scheduler)

Specifies a maximum limit of number of fires. So if you set it to 1, the scheduler will only fire once. If you set it to 5, it will only fire five times. A value of zero or negative means fire forever.

long

runLoggingLevel (scheduler)

The consumer logs a start/complete log line when it polls. This option allows you to configure the logging level for that.

Enum values:

  • TRACE

  • DEBUG

  • INFO

  • WARN

  • ERROR

  • OFF

LoggingLevel

scheduledExecutorService (scheduler)

Allows for configuring a custom/shared thread pool to use for the consumer. By default each consumer has its own single threaded thread pool.

ScheduledExecutorService

scheduler (scheduler)

To use a cron scheduler from either camel-spring or camel-quartz component. Use value spring or quartz for built in scheduler.

Object

schedulerProperties (scheduler)

To configure additional properties when using a custom scheduler or any of the Quartz, Spring based scheduler.

Map

startScheduler (scheduler)

Whether the scheduler should be auto started.

boolean

timeUnit (scheduler)

Time unit for initialDelay and delay options.

Enum values:

  • NANOSECONDS

  • MICROSECONDS

  • MILLISECONDS

  • SECONDS

  • MINUTES

  • HOURS

  • DAYS

TimeUnit

useFixedDelay (scheduler)

Controls if fixed delay or fixed rate is used. See ScheduledExecutorService in JDK for details.

boolean

Operations

When using jooq as a producer you can use any of the following JooqOperation operations:

Operation Description

none

Execute a query (default)

execute

Execute a query with no expected results

fetch

Execute a query and the result of the query is stored as the new message body

Example:

JOOQ configuration:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
                           http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

    <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:config.properties"
                                  xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"/>

    <bean id="dataSource" class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource" destroy-method="close">
        <property name="url" value="${db.url}"/>
        <property name="driverClassName" value="${db.driver}"/>
        <property name="username" value="${db.username}"/>
        <property name="password" value="${db.password}"/>
    </bean>

    <bean id="transactionAwareDataSource"
          class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.TransactionAwareDataSourceProxy">
        <constructor-arg ref="dataSource"/>
    </bean>

    <bean class="org.jooq.impl.DataSourceConnectionProvider" name="connectionProvider">
        <constructor-arg ref="transactionAwareDataSource"/>
    </bean>

    <bean id="dsl" class="org.jooq.impl.DefaultDSLContext">
        <constructor-arg ref="config"/>
    </bean>

    <bean id="jooqConfig" class="org.jooq.impl.DefaultConfiguration" name="config">
        <property name="SQLDialect">
            <value type="org.jooq.SQLDialect">${jooq.sql.dialect}</value>
        </property>
        <property name="connectionProvider" ref="connectionProvider"/>
    </bean>

</beans>

Camel context configuration:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
       http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring/camel-spring.xsd">

    <import resource="classpath:jooq-spring.xml"/>

    <!-- Configure component -->
    <bean id="jooq" class="org.apache.camel.component.jooq.JooqComponent">
        <property name="configuration">
            <bean id="jooqConfiguration" class="org.apache.camel.component.jooq.JooqConfiguration">
                <property name="databaseConfiguration" ref="jooqConfig"/>
            </bean>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <camelContext xmlns="http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring">
        <!-- Create and store entity -->
        <route id="insert-route">
            <from uri="direct:insert"/>
            <transform>
                <method ref="org.apache.camel.component.jooq.beans.BookStoreRecordBean" method="generate"/>
            </transform>
            <!-- Send entity to endpoint -->
            <to uri="jooq://org.apache.camel.component.jooq.db.tables.records.BookStoreRecord"/>
        </route>

        <!-- Create JOOQ ResultQuery and fetch -->
        <route id="execute-route">
            <from uri="direct:fetch"/>
            <transform>
                <method ref="org.apache.camel.component.jooq.beans.BookStoreRecordBean" method="select"/>
            </transform>
            <to uri="jooq://org.apache.camel.component.jooq.db.tables.records.BookStoreRecord/fetch"/>
            <log message="Fetched ${body}"/>
        </route>

        <!-- Create JOOQ Query end execute -->
        <route id="query-route">
            <from uri="direct:execute"/>
            <transform>
                <method ref="org.apache.camel.component.jooq.beans.BookStoreRecordBean" method="delete"/>
            </transform>
            <to uri="jooq://org.apache.camel.component.jooq.db.tables.records.BookStoreRecord/execute"/>
            <log message="Executed ${body}"/>
        </route>

        <!-- Consume entity -->
        <route id="queue-route">
            <from uri="jooq://org.apache.camel.component.jooq.db.tables.records.BookStoreRecord?consumeDelete=false"/>
            <log message="Consumed ${body}"/>
        </route>

        <!-- SQL: select -->
        <route id="sql-select">
            <from uri="direct:sql-select"/>
            <to uri="jooq://org.apache.camel.component.jooq.db.tables.records.BookStoreRecord/fetch?query=select * from book_store x where x.name = 'test'"/>
            <log message="Fetched ${body}"/>
        </route>

        <!-- SQL: delete -->
        <route id="sql-delete">
            <from uri="direct:sql-delete"/>
            <to uri="jooq://org.apache.camel.component.jooq.db.tables.records.BookStoreRecord/execute?query=delete from book_store x where x.name = 'test'"/>
            <log message="Fetched ${body}"/>
        </route>

        <!-- SQL: consume -->
        <route id="sql-consume">
            <from uri="jooq://org.apache.camel.component.jooq.db.tables.records.BookStoreRecord?query=select * from book_store x where x.name = 'test'"/>
            <log message="Fetched ${body}"/>
        </route>
    </camelContext>
</beans>

Sample bean:

@Component
public class BookStoreRecordBean {
    private String name = "test";

    public BookStoreRecord generate() {
        return new BookStoreRecord(name);
    }

    public ResultQuery select() {
        return DSL.selectFrom(BOOK_STORE).where(BOOK_STORE.NAME.eq(name));
    }

    public Query delete() {
        return DSL.delete(BOOK_STORE).where(BOOK_STORE.NAME.eq(name));
    }
}

Spring Boot Auto-Configuration

When using jooq with Spring Boot make sure to use the following Maven dependency to have support for auto configuration:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.camel.springboot</groupId>
  <artifactId>camel-jooq-starter</artifactId>
  <version>x.x.x</version>
  <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

The component supports 9 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

camel.component.jooq.autowired-enabled

Whether autowiring is enabled. This is used for automatic autowiring options (the option must be marked as autowired) by looking up in the registry to find if there is a single instance of matching type, which then gets configured on the component. This can be used for automatic configuring JDBC data sources, JMS connection factories, AWS Clients, etc.

true

Boolean

camel.component.jooq.bridge-error-handler

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

Boolean

camel.component.jooq.configuration

Component configuration (database connection, database entity type, etc.). The option is a org.apache.camel.component.jooq.JooqConfiguration type.

JooqConfiguration

camel.component.jooq.consume-delete

Delete entity after it is consumed.

true

Boolean

camel.component.jooq.database-configuration

To use a specific database configuration. The option is a org.jooq.Configuration type.

Configuration

camel.component.jooq.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the jooq component. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.component.jooq.lazy-start-producer

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

Boolean

camel.component.jooq.operation

Type of operation to execute on query.

JooqOperation

camel.component.jooq.query

To execute plain SQL query.

String