Consul

Since Camel 2.18

Both producer and consumer are supported

The Consul component is a component for integrating your application with Hashicorp Consul.

Maven users will need to add the following dependency to their pom.xml for this component:

    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
        <artifactId>camel-consul</artifactId>
        <version>${camel-version}</version>
    </dependency>

URI format

consul://domain?[options]

Configuring Options

Camel components are configured on two separate levels:

  • component level

  • endpoint level

Configuring Component Options

The component level is the highest level which holds general and common configurations that are inherited by the endpoints. For example a component may have security settings, credentials for authentication, urls for network connection and so forth.

Some components only have a few options, and others may have many. Because components typically have pre configured defaults that are commonly used, then you may often only need to configure a few options on a component; or none at all.

Configuring components can be done with the Component DSL, in a configuration file (application.properties|yaml), or directly with Java code.

Configuring Endpoint Options

Where you find yourself configuring the most is on endpoints, as endpoints often have many options, which allows you to configure what you need the endpoint to do. The options are also categorized into whether the endpoint is used as consumer (from) or as a producer (to), or used for both.

Configuring endpoints is most often done directly in the endpoint URI as path and query parameters. You can also use the Endpoint DSL as a type safe way of configuring endpoints.

A good practice when configuring options is to use Property Placeholders, which allows to not hardcode urls, port numbers, sensitive information, and other settings. In other words placeholders allows to externalize the configuration from your code, and gives more flexibility and reuse.

The following two sections lists all the options, firstly for the component followed by the endpoint.

Component Options

The Consul component supports 29 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

connectTimeout (common)

Connect timeout for OkHttpClient.

Duration

connectTimeoutMillis (common)

Deprecated Connect timeout for OkHttpClient. Deprecation note: Use connectTimeout instead.

Long

consulClient (common)

Reference to a com.orbitz.consul.Consul in the registry.

Consul

key (common)

The default key. Can be overridden by CamelConsulKey.

String

pingInstance (common)

Configure if the AgentClient should attempt a ping before returning the Consul instance.

boolean

readTimeout (common)

Read timeout for OkHttpClient.

Duration

readTimeoutMillis (common)

Deprecated Read timeout for OkHttpClient. Deprecation note: Use readTimeout instead.

Long

tags (common)

Set tags. You can separate multiple tags by comma.

String

url (common)

The Consul agent URL.

String

writeTimeout (common)

Write timeout for OkHttpClient.

Duration

writeTimeoutMillis (common)

Deprecated Write timeout for OkHttpClient. Deprecation note: Use writeTimeout instead.

Long

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

boolean

action (producer)

The default action. Can be overridden by CamelConsulAction.

String

lazyStartProducer (producer)

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

boolean

valueAsString (producer)

Default to transform values retrieved from Consul i.e. on KV endpoint to string.

boolean

autowiredEnabled (advanced)

Whether autowiring is enabled. This is used for automatic autowiring options (the option must be marked as autowired) by looking up in the registry to find if there is a single instance of matching type, which then gets configured on the component. This can be used for automatic configuring JDBC data sources, JMS connection factories, AWS Clients, etc.

boolean

configuration (advanced)

Consul configuration.

ConsulConfiguration

consistencyMode (advanced)

The consistencyMode used for queries, default ConsistencyMode.DEFAULT.

Enum values:

  • DEFAULT

  • STALE

  • CONSISTENT

ConsistencyMode

datacenter (advanced)

The data center.

String

nearNode (advanced)

The near node to use for queries.

String

nodeMeta (advanced)

The note meta-data to use for queries.

List

aclToken (security)

Sets the ACL token to be used with Consul.

String

password (security)

Sets the password to be used for basic authentication.

String

sslContextParameters (security)

SSL configuration using an org.apache.camel.support.jsse.SSLContextParameters instance.

SSLContextParameters

useGlobalSslContextParameters (security)

Enable usage of global SSL context parameters.

boolean

userName (security)

Sets the username to be used for basic authentication.

String

blockSeconds (watch)

The second to wait for a watch event, default 10 seconds.

Integer

firstIndex (watch)

The first index for watch for, default 0.

BigInteger

recursive (watch)

Recursively watch, default false.

boolean

Endpoint Options

The Consul endpoint is configured using URI syntax:

consul:apiEndpoint

with the following path and query parameters:

Path Parameters (1 parameters)

Name Description Default Type

apiEndpoint (common)

Required The API endpoint.

String

Query Parameters (28 parameters)

Name Description Default Type

connectTimeout (common)

Connect timeout for OkHttpClient.

Duration

connectTimeoutMillis (common)

Deprecated Connect timeout for OkHttpClient. Deprecation note: Use connectTimeout instead.

Long

consulClient (common)

Reference to a com.orbitz.consul.Consul in the registry.

Consul

key (common)

The default key. Can be overridden by CamelConsulKey.

String

pingInstance (common)

Configure if the AgentClient should attempt a ping before returning the Consul instance.

boolean

readTimeout (common)

Read timeout for OkHttpClient.

Duration

readTimeoutMillis (common)

Deprecated Read timeout for OkHttpClient. Deprecation note: Use readTimeout instead.

Long

tags (common)

Set tags. You can separate multiple tags by comma.

String

url (common)

The Consul agent URL.

String

writeTimeout (common)

Write timeout for OkHttpClient.

Duration

writeTimeoutMillis (common)

Deprecated Write timeout for OkHttpClient. Deprecation note: Use writeTimeout instead.

Long

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

boolean

exceptionHandler (consumer (advanced))

To let the consumer use a custom ExceptionHandler. Notice if the option bridgeErrorHandler is enabled then this option is not in use. By default the consumer will deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

ExceptionHandler

exchangePattern (consumer (advanced))

Sets the exchange pattern when the consumer creates an exchange.

Enum values:

  • InOnly

  • InOut

  • InOptionalOut

ExchangePattern

action (producer)

The default action. Can be overridden by CamelConsulAction.

String

lazyStartProducer (producer)

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

boolean

valueAsString (producer)

Default to transform values retrieved from Consul i.e. on KV endpoint to string.

boolean

consistencyMode (advanced)

The consistencyMode used for queries, default ConsistencyMode.DEFAULT.

Enum values:

  • DEFAULT

  • STALE

  • CONSISTENT

ConsistencyMode

datacenter (advanced)

The data center.

String

nearNode (advanced)

The near node to use for queries.

String

nodeMeta (advanced)

The note meta-data to use for queries.

List

aclToken (security)

Sets the ACL token to be used with Consul.

String

password (security)

Sets the password to be used for basic authentication.

String

sslContextParameters (security)

SSL configuration using an org.apache.camel.support.jsse.SSLContextParameters instance.

SSLContextParameters

userName (security)

Sets the username to be used for basic authentication.

String

blockSeconds (watch)

The second to wait for a watch event, default 10 seconds.

Integer

firstIndex (watch)

The first index for watch for, default 0.

BigInteger

recursive (watch)

Recursively watch, default false.

boolean

Headers

Name Type Description

CamelConsulAction

String

The Producer action

CamelConsulKey

String

The Key on which the action should applied

CamelConsulEventId

String

The event id (consumer only)

CamelConsulEventName

String

The event name (consumer only)

CamelConsulEventLTime

Long

The event LTime

CamelConsulNodeFilter

String

The Node filter

CamelConsulTagFilter

String

The tag filter

CamelConsulSessionFilter

String

The session filter

CamelConsulVersion

int

The data version

CamelConsulFlags

Long

Flags associated with a value

CamelConsulCreateIndex

Long

The internal index value that represents when the entry was created

CamelConsulLockIndex

Long

The number of times this key has successfully been acquired in a lock

CamelConsulModifyIndex

Long

The last index that modified this key

CamelConsulOptions

Object

Options associated to the request

CamelConsulResult

boolean

true if the response has a result

CamelConsulSession

String

The session id

CamelConsulValueAsString

boolean

To transform values retrieved from Consul i.e. on KV endpoint to string.

CamelConsulServiceId

String

The service id for agent deregistration

Api Endpoint

The apiEndpoint denotes the type of consul api which should be addressed.

Domain Producer Consumer

kv

ConsulKeyValueProducer

ConsulKeyValueConsumer

event

ConsulEventProducer

ConsulEventConsumer

agent

ConsulAgentProducer

-

coordinates

ConsulCoordinatesProducer

-

health

ConsulHealthProducer

-

status

ConsulStatusProducer

-

preparedQuery

ConsulPreparedQueryProducer

-

catalog

ConsulCatalogProducer

-

session

ConsulSessionProducer

-

Producer Examples

As an example, we will show how to use the ConsulAgentProducer to register a service by means of the Consul agent api.

Registering and deregistering are examples for possible actions against the Consul agent api.

The desired action can be defined by setting the header ConsulConstants.CONSUL_ACTION to a value from the ConsulXXXActions interface of the respective Consul api. E.g. ConsulAgentActions contains the actions for the agent api.

If you set CONSUL_ACTION to ConsulAgentActions.REGISTER, the agent action REGISTER will be executed.

Which producer action invokes which consul api is defined by the respective producer. E.g. the ConsulAgentProducer maps ConsulAgentActions.REGISTER to an invocation of AgentClient.register.
from("direct:registerFooService")
    .setBody().constant(ImmutableRegistration.builder()
        .id("foo-1")
        .name("foo")
        .address("localhost")
        .port(80)
        .build())
    .setHeader(ConsulConstants.CONSUL_ACTION, constant(ConsulAgentActions.REGISTER))
    .to("consul:agent");

It is also possible to set a default action on the consul endpoint and do without the header:

consul:agent?action=REGISTER

Registering Camel Routes with Consul

You can employ a ServiceRegistrationRoutePolicy to register Camel routes as services with Consul automatically.

from("jetty:http://0.0.0.0:8080/service/endpoint").routeId("foo-1")
    .routeProperty(ServiceDefinition.SERVICE_META_ID, "foo-1")
    .routeProperty(ServiceDefinition.SERVICE_META_NAME, "foo")
    .routePolicy(new ServiceRegistrationRoutePolicy())
...

Spring Boot Auto-Configuration

When using consul with Spring Boot make sure to use the following Maven dependency to have support for auto configuration:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.camel.springboot</groupId>
  <artifactId>camel-consul-starter</artifactId>
  <version>x.x.x</version>
  <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

The component supports 90 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

camel.cloud.consul.acl-token

Sets the ACL token to be used with Consul.

String

camel.cloud.consul.attributes

Custom service attributes.

Map

camel.cloud.consul.block-seconds

The time (in seconds) to wait for a watch event, default 10 seconds.

10

Integer

camel.cloud.consul.check-interval

How often (in seconds) a service has to be marked as healthy if its check is TTL or how often the check should run. Default is 5 seconds.

5

Integer

camel.cloud.consul.check-ttl

The time (in seconds) to live for TTL checks. Default is 1 minute.

60

Integer

camel.cloud.consul.connect-timeout

Connect timeout for OkHttpClient.

Duration

camel.cloud.consul.connect-timeout-millis

Use connectTimeout instead.

Long

camel.cloud.consul.consistency-mode

The consistencyMode used for queries, default ConsistencyMode.DEFAULT.

ConsistencyMode

camel.cloud.consul.datacenter

The data center.

String

camel.cloud.consul.deregister-after

How long (in seconds) to wait to deregister a service in case of unclean shutdown. Default is 1 hour.

3600

Integer

camel.cloud.consul.deregister-services-on-stop

Should we remove all the registered services know by this registry on stop?.

true

Boolean

camel.cloud.consul.enabled

Sets if the consul service registry should be enabled or not, default is false.

false

Boolean

camel.cloud.consul.first-index

The first index for watch for, default 0.

0

BigInteger

camel.cloud.consul.id

Service Registry ID.

String

camel.cloud.consul.near-node

The near node to use for queries.

String

camel.cloud.consul.node-meta

The note meta-data to use for queries.

List

camel.cloud.consul.order

Service lookup order/priority.

Integer

camel.cloud.consul.override-service-host

Should we override the service host if given ?.

true

Boolean

camel.cloud.consul.password

Sets the password to be used for basic authentication.

String

camel.cloud.consul.ping-instance

Configure if the AgentClient should attempt a ping before returning the Consul instance.

true

Boolean

camel.cloud.consul.read-timeout

Read timeout for OkHttpClient.

Duration

camel.cloud.consul.read-timeout-millis

Use readTimeout instead.

Long

camel.cloud.consul.recursive

Recursively watch, default false.

false

Boolean

camel.cloud.consul.service-host

Service host.

String

camel.cloud.consul.ssl-context-parameters

SSL configuration using an org.apache.camel.support.jsse.SSLContextParameters instance.

SSLContextParameters

camel.cloud.consul.tags

Set tags. You can separate multiple tags by comma.

Set

camel.cloud.consul.url

The Consul agent URL.

String

camel.cloud.consul.user-name

Sets the username to be used for basic authentication.

String

camel.cloud.consul.write-timeout

Write timeout for OkHttpClient.

Duration

camel.cloud.consul.write-timeout-millis

Use writeTimeout instead.

Long

camel.cluster.consul.acl-token

Sets the ACL token to be used with Consul.

String

camel.cluster.consul.attributes

Custom service attributes.

Map

camel.cluster.consul.block-seconds

The time (in seconds) to wait for a watch event, default 10 seconds.

10

Integer

camel.cluster.consul.connect-timeout

Connect timeout for OkHttpClient.

Duration

camel.cluster.consul.connect-timeout-millis

Use connectTimeout instead.

Long

camel.cluster.consul.consistency-mode

The consistencyMode used for queries, default ConsistencyMode.DEFAULT.

ConsistencyMode

camel.cluster.consul.datacenter

The data center.

String

camel.cluster.consul.enabled

Sets if the consul cluster service should be enabled or not, default is false.

false

Boolean

camel.cluster.consul.first-index

The first index for watch for, default 0.

0

BigInteger

camel.cluster.consul.id

Cluster Service ID.

String

camel.cluster.consul.near-node

The near node to use for queries.

String

camel.cluster.consul.node-meta

The note meta-data to use for queries.

List

camel.cluster.consul.order

Service lookup order/priority.

Integer

camel.cluster.consul.password

Sets the password to be used for basic authentication.

String

camel.cluster.consul.ping-instance

Configure if the AgentClient should attempt a ping before returning the Consul instance.

true

Boolean

camel.cluster.consul.read-timeout

Read timeout for OkHttpClient.

Duration

camel.cluster.consul.read-timeout-millis

Use readTimeout instead.

Long

camel.cluster.consul.recursive

Recursively watch, default false.

false

Boolean

camel.cluster.consul.root-path

Consul root path.

/camel

String

camel.cluster.consul.session-lock-delay

The value for lockDelay.

5

Integer

camel.cluster.consul.session-refresh-interval

The value of wait attribute.

5

Integer

camel.cluster.consul.session-ttl

The value of TTL.

60

Integer

camel.cluster.consul.ssl-context-parameters

SSL configuration using an org.apache.camel.support.jsse.SSLContextParameters instance.

SSLContextParameters

camel.cluster.consul.tags

Set tags. You can separate multiple tags by comma.

Set

camel.cluster.consul.url

The Consul agent URL.

String

camel.cluster.consul.user-name

Sets the username to be used for basic authentication.

String

camel.cluster.consul.write-timeout

Write timeout for OkHttpClient.

Duration

camel.cluster.consul.write-timeout-millis

Use writeTimeout instead.

Long

camel.component.consul.acl-token

Sets the ACL token to be used with Consul.

String

camel.component.consul.action

The default action. Can be overridden by CamelConsulAction.

String

camel.component.consul.autowired-enabled

Whether autowiring is enabled. This is used for automatic autowiring options (the option must be marked as autowired) by looking up in the registry to find if there is a single instance of matching type, which then gets configured on the component. This can be used for automatic configuring JDBC data sources, JMS connection factories, AWS Clients, etc.

true

Boolean

camel.component.consul.block-seconds

The second to wait for a watch event, default 10 seconds.

10

Integer

camel.component.consul.bridge-error-handler

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

Boolean

camel.component.consul.configuration

Consul configuration. The option is a org.apache.camel.component.consul.ConsulConfiguration type.

ConsulConfiguration

camel.component.consul.connect-timeout

Connect timeout for OkHttpClient. The option is a java.time.Duration type.

Duration

camel.component.consul.consistency-mode

The consistencyMode used for queries, default ConsistencyMode.DEFAULT.

ConsistencyMode

camel.component.consul.consul-client

Reference to a com.orbitz.consul.Consul in the registry. The option is a com.orbitz.consul.Consul type.

Consul

camel.component.consul.datacenter

The data center.

String

camel.component.consul.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the consul component. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.component.consul.first-index

The first index for watch for, default 0. The option is a java.math.BigInteger type.

BigInteger

camel.component.consul.key

The default key. Can be overridden by CamelConsulKey.

String

camel.component.consul.lazy-start-producer

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

Boolean

camel.component.consul.near-node

The near node to use for queries.

String

camel.component.consul.node-meta

The note meta-data to use for queries.

List

camel.component.consul.password

Sets the password to be used for basic authentication.

String

camel.component.consul.ping-instance

Configure if the AgentClient should attempt a ping before returning the Consul instance.

true

Boolean

camel.component.consul.read-timeout

Read timeout for OkHttpClient. The option is a java.time.Duration type.

Duration

camel.component.consul.recursive

Recursively watch, default false.

false

Boolean

camel.component.consul.ssl-context-parameters

SSL configuration using an org.apache.camel.support.jsse.SSLContextParameters instance. The option is a org.apache.camel.support.jsse.SSLContextParameters type.

SSLContextParameters

camel.component.consul.tags

Set tags. You can separate multiple tags by comma.

String

camel.component.consul.url

The Consul agent URL.

String

camel.component.consul.use-global-ssl-context-parameters

Enable usage of global SSL context parameters.

false

Boolean

camel.component.consul.user-name

Sets the username to be used for basic authentication.

String

camel.component.consul.value-as-string

Default to transform values retrieved from Consul i.e. on KV endpoint to string.

false

Boolean

camel.component.consul.write-timeout

Write timeout for OkHttpClient. The option is a java.time.Duration type.

Duration

camel.cloud.consul.dc

Deprecated Use datacenter instead.

String

camel.cluster.consul.dc

Deprecated Use datacenter instead.

String

camel.component.consul.connect-timeout-millis

Deprecated Connect timeout for OkHttpClient. Deprecation note: Use connectTimeout instead.

Long

camel.component.consul.read-timeout-millis

Deprecated Read timeout for OkHttpClient. Deprecation note: Use readTimeout instead.

Long

camel.component.consul.write-timeout-millis

Deprecated Write timeout for OkHttpClient. Deprecation note: Use writeTimeout instead. The option is a java.lang.Long type.

Long