Simple

Since Camel 1.1

The Simple Expression Language was a really simple language when it was created, but has since grown more powerful. It is primarily intended for being a very small and simple language for evaluating Expressions and Predicates without requiring any new dependencies or knowledge of XPath; so it is ideal for testing in camel-core. The idea was to cover 95% of the common use cases when you need a little bit of expression based script in your Camel routes.

However for much more complex use cases you are generally recommended to choose a more expressive and powerful language such as:

The simple language requires camel-bean JAR as classpath dependency if the simple language uses OGNL expressions, such as calling a method named myMethod on the message body: ${body.myMethod()}. At runtime the simple language will then us its built-in OGNL support which requires the camel-bean component.

The simple language uses ${body} placeholders for complex expressions or functions.

See also the CSimple language which is compiled.

Alternative syntax

You can also use the alternative syntax which uses $simple{ } as placeholders. This can be used in situations to avoid clashes when using for example Spring property placeholder together with Camel.

Simple Language options

The Simple language supports 2 options, which are listed below.

Name Default Java Type Description

resultType

String

Sets the class name of the result type (type from output)

trim

true

Boolean

Whether to trim the value to remove leading and trailing whitespaces and line breaks

Variables

Variable Type Description

camelId

String

the CamelContext name

camelContext.OGNL

Object

the CamelContext invoked using a Camel OGNL expression.

exchange

Exchange

the Exchange

exchange.OGNL

Object

the Exchange invoked using a Camel OGNL expression.

exchangeId

String

the exchange id

id

String

the input message id

messageTimestamp

String

the input message timestamp (millis since epoc) that this message originates from. Some systems like JMS, Kafka, AWS have a timestamp on the event/message, that Camel received. This method returns the timestamp, if a timestamp exists. The message timestamp and exchange created are not the same. An exchange always have a created timestamp which is the local timestamp when Camel created the exchange. The message timestamp is only available in some Camel components when the consumer is able to extract the timestamp from the source event. If the message has no timestamp then 0 is returned.

body

Object

the input body

in.body

Object

deprecated the input body

body.OGNL

Object

the input body invoked using a Camel OGNL expression.

in.body.OGNL

Object

deprecated the input body invoked using a Camel OGNL expression.

bodyAs(type)

Type

Converts the body to the given type determined by its classname. The converted body can be null.

bodyAs(type).OGNL

Object

Converts the body to the given type determined by its classname and then invoke methods using a Camel OGNL expression. The converted body can be null.

bodyOneLine

String

Converts the body to a String and removes all line-breaks so the string is in one line.

mandatoryBodyAs(type)

Type

Converts the body to the given type determined by its classname, and expects the body to be not null.

mandatoryBodyAs(type).OGNL

Object

Converts the body to the given type determined by its classname and then invoke methods using a Camel OGNL expression.

header.foo

Object

refer to the input foo header

header:foo

Object

refer to the input foo header

header[foo]

Object

refer to the input foo header

headers.foo

Object

refer to the input foo header

headers:foo

Object

refer to the input foo header

headers[foo]

Object

refer to the input foo header

in.header.foo

Object

deprecated refer to the input foo header

in.header:foo

Object

deprecated refer to the input foo header

in.header[foo]

Object

deprecated refer to the input foo header

in.headers.foo

Object

deprecated refer to the input foo header

in.headers:foo

Object

deprecated refer to the input foo header

in.headers[foo]

Object

deprecated refer to the input foo header

header.foo[bar]

Object

regard input foo header as a map and perform lookup on the map with bar as key

in.header.foo[bar]

Object

deprecated regard input foo header as a map and perform lookup on the map with bar as key

in.headers.foo[bar]

Object

deprecated regard input foo header as a map and perform lookup on the map with bar as key

header.foo.OGNL

Object

refer to the input foo header and invoke its value using a Camel OGNL expression.

in.header.foo.OGNL

Object

deprecated refer to the input foo header and invoke its value using a Camel OGNL expression.

in.headers.foo.OGNL

Object

deprecated refer to the input foo header and invoke its value using a Camel OGNL expression.

headerAs(key,type)

Type

converts the header to the given type determined by its classname

headers

Map

refer to the input headers

in.headers

Map

deprecated refer to the input headers

exchangeProperty.foo

Object

refer to the foo property on the exchange

exchangeProperty[foo]

Object

refer to the foo property on the exchange

exchangeProperty.foo.OGNL

Object

refer to the foo property on the exchange and invoke its value using a Camel OGNL expression.

sys.foo

String

refer to the JVM system property

sysenv.foo

String

refer to the system environment variable

env.foo

String

refer to the system environment variable

exception

Object

refer to the exception object on the exchange, is null if no exception set on exchange. Will fallback and grab caught exceptions (Exchange.EXCEPTION_CAUGHT) if the Exchange has any.

exception.OGNL

Object

refer to the exchange exception invoked using a Camel OGNL expression object

exception.message

String

refer to the exception.message on the exchange, is null if no exception set on exchange. Will fallback and grab caught exceptions (Exchange.EXCEPTION_CAUGHT) if the Exchange has any.

exception.stacktrace

String

refer to the exception.stracktrace on the exchange, is null if no exception set on exchange. Will fallback and grab caught exceptions (Exchange.EXCEPTION_CAUGHT) if the Exchange has any.

date:_command_

Date

evaluates to a Date object. Supported commands are: now for current timestamp, exchangeCreated for the timestamp when the current exchange was created, header.xxx to use the Long/Date object header with the key xxx. exchangeProperty.xxx to use the Long/Date object in the exchange property with the key xxx. file for the last modified timestamp of the file (available with a File consumer). Command accepts offsets such as: now-24h or header.xxx+1h or even now+1h30m-100.

date:_command:pattern_

String

Date formatting using java.text.SimpleDateFormat patterns.

date-with-timezone:_command:timezone:pattern_

String

Date formatting using java.text.SimpleDateFormat timezones and patterns.

bean:_bean expression_

Object

Invoking a bean expression using the Bean language. Specifying a method name you must use dot as separator. We also support the ?method=methodname syntax that is used by the Bean component. Camel will by default lookup a bean by the given name. However if you need to refer to a bean class (such as calling a static method) then you can prefix with type, such as bean:type:fqnClassName.

properties:key:default

String

Lookup a property with the given key. If the key does not exists or has no value, then an optional default value can be specified.

routeId

String

Returns the id of the current route the Exchange is being routed.

stepId

String

Returns the id of the current step the Exchange is being routed.

threadName

String

Returns the name of the current thread. Can be used for logging purpose.

hostname

String

Returns the local hostname (may be empty if not possible to resolve).

ref:xxx

Object

To lookup a bean from the Registry with the given id.

type:name.field

Object

To refer to a type or field by its FQN name. To refer to a field you can append .FIELD_NAME. For example you can refer to the constant field from Exchange as: org.apache.camel.Exchange.FILE_NAME

null

null

represents a null

random_(value)_

Integer

returns a random Integer between 0 (included) and value (excluded)

random_(min,max)_

Integer

returns a random Integer between min (included) and max (excluded)

collate(group)

List

The collate function iterates the message body and groups the data into sub lists of specified size. This can be used with the Splitter EIP to split a message body and group/batch the splitted sub message into a group of N sub lists. This method works similar to the collate method in Groovy.

skip(number)

Iterator

The skip function iterates the message body and skips the first number of items. This can be used with the Splitter EIP to split a message body and skip the first N number of items.

messageHistory

String

The message history of the current exchange how it has been routed. This is similar to the route stack-trace message history the error handler logs in case of an unhandled exception.

messageHistory(false)

String

As messageHistory but without the exchange details (only includes the route strack-trace). This can be used if you do not want to log sensitive data from the message itself.

OGNL expression support

When using OGNL then camel-bean JAR is required to be on the classpath.

Camel’s OGNL support is for invoking methods only. You cannot access fields. Camel support accessing the length field of Java arrays.

The Simple and Bean language now supports a Camel OGNL notation for invoking beans in a chain like fashion. Suppose the Message IN body contains a POJO which has a getAddress() method.

Then you can use Camel OGNL notation to access the address object:

simple("${body.address}")
simple("${body.address.street}")
simple("${body.address.zip}")

Camel understands the shorthand names for getters, but you can invoke any method or use the real name such as:

simple("${body.address}")
simple("${body.getAddress.getStreet}")
simple("${body.address.getZip}")
simple("${body.doSomething}")

You can also use the null safe operator (?.) to avoid NPE if for example the body does NOT have an address

simple("${body?.address?.street}")

It is also possible to index in Map or List types, so you can do:

simple("${body[foo].name}")

To assume the body is Map based and lookup the value with foo as key, and invoke the getName method on that value.

If the key has space, then you must enclose the key with quotes, for example 'foo bar':

simple("${body['foo bar'].name}")

You can access the Map or List objects directly using their key name (with or without dots) :

simple("${body[foo]}")
simple("${body[this.is.foo]}")

Suppose there was no value with the key foo then you can use the null safe operator to avoid the NPE as shown:

simple("${body[foo]?.name}")

You can also access List types, for example to get lines from the address you can do:

simple("${body.address.lines[0]}")
simple("${body.address.lines[1]}")
simple("${body.address.lines[2]}")

There is a special last keyword which can be used to get the last value from a list.

simple("${body.address.lines[last]}")

And to get the 2nd last you can subtract a number, so we can use last-1 to indicate this:

simple("${body.address.lines[last-1]}")

And the 3rd last is of course:

simple("${body.address.lines[last-2]}")

And you can call the size method on the list with

simple("${body.address.lines.size}")

Camel supports the length field for Java arrays as well, eg:

String[] lines = new String[]{"foo", "bar", "cat"};
exchange.getIn().setBody(lines);

simple("There are ${body.length} lines")

And yes you can combine this with the operator support as shown below:

simple("${body.address.zip} > 1000")

Operator support

The parser is limited to only support a single operator.

To enable it the left value must be enclosed in $\{ }. The syntax is:

${leftValue} OP rightValue

Where the rightValue can be a String literal enclosed in ' ', null, a constant value or another expression enclosed in $\{ }.

There must be spaces around the operator.

Camel will automatically type convert the rightValue type to the leftValue type, so it is able to eg. convert a string into a numeric so you can use > comparison for numeric values.

The following operators are supported:

Operator Description

==

equals

=~

equals ignore case (will ignore case when comparing String values)

>

greater than

>=

greater than or equals

<

less than

<=

less than or equals

!=

not equals

!=~

not equals ignore case (will ignore case when comparing String values)

contains

For testing if contains in a string based value

!contains

For testing if not contains in a string based value

~~

For testing if contains by ignoring case sensitivity in a string based value

!~~

For testing if not contains by ignoring case sensitivity in a string based value

regex

For matching against a given regular expression pattern defined as a String value

!regex

For not matching against a given regular expression pattern defined as a String value

in

For matching if in a set of values, each element must be separated by comma. If you want to include an empty value, then it must be defined using double comma, eg ',,bronze,silver,gold', which is a set of four values with an empty value and then the three medals.

!in

For matching if not in a set of values, each element must be separated by comma. If you want to include an empty value, then it must be defined using double comma, eg ',,bronze,silver,gold', which is a set of four values with an empty value and then the three medals.

is

For matching if the left hand side type is an instanceof the value.

!is

For matching if the left hand side type is not an instanceof the value.

range

For matching if the left hand side is within a range of values defined as numbers: from..to..

!range

For matching if the left hand side is not within a range of values defined as numbers: from..to. .

startsWith

For testing if the left hand side string starts with the right hand string.

starts with

Same as the startsWith operator.

endsWith

For testing if the left hand side string ends with the right hand string.

ends with

Same as the endsWith operator.

And the following unary operators can be used:

Operator Description

++

To increment a number by one. The left hand side must be a function, otherwise parsed as literal.

 — 

To decrement a number by one. The left hand side must be a function, otherwise parsed as literal.

\

To escape a value, eg \$, to indicate a $ sign. Special: Use \n for new line, \t for tab, and \r for carriage return. Notice: Escaping is not supported using the File Language. Notice: The escape character is not supported, use the following three special escaping instead.

\n

To use newline character.

\t

To use tab character.

\r

To use carriage return character.

\}

To use the } character as text

And the following logical operators can be used to group expressions:

Operator Description

&&

The logical and operator is used to group two expressions.

||

The logical or operator is used to group two expressions.

The syntax for AND is:

${leftValue} OP rightValue && ${leftValue} OP rightValue

And the syntax for OR is:

${leftValue} OP rightValue || ${leftValue} OP rightValue

Some examples:

// exact equals match
simple("${in.header.foo} == 'foo'")

// ignore case when comparing, so if the header has value FOO this will match
simple("${in.header.foo} =~ 'foo'")

// here Camel will type convert '100' into the type of in.header.bar and if it is an Integer '100' will also be converter to an Integer
simple("${in.header.bar} == '100'")

simple("${in.header.bar} == 100")

// 100 will be converter to the type of in.header.bar so we can do > comparison
simple("${in.header.bar} > 100")

Comparing with different types

When you compare with different types such as String and int, then you have to take a bit care. Camel will use the type from the left hand side as 1st priority. And fallback to the right hand side type if both values couldn’t be compared based on that type.
This means you can flip the values to enforce a specific type. Suppose the bar value above is a String. Then you can flip the equation:

simple("100 < ${in.header.bar}")

which then ensures the int type is used as 1st priority.

This may change in the future if the Camel team improves the binary comparison operations to prefer numeric types over String based. It’s most often the String type which causes problem when comparing with numbers.

// testing for null
simple("${in.header.baz} == null")

// testing for not null
simple("${in.header.baz} != null")

And a bit more advanced example where the right value is another expression

simple("${in.header.date} == ${date:now:yyyyMMdd}")

simple("${in.header.type} == ${bean:orderService?method=getOrderType}")

And an example with contains, testing if the title contains the word Camel

simple("${in.header.title} contains 'Camel'")

And an example with regex, testing if the number header is a 4 digit value:

simple("${in.header.number} regex '\\d{4}'")

And finally an example if the header equals any of the values in the list. Each element must be separated by comma, and no space around.
This also works for numbers etc, as Camel will convert each element into the type of the left hand side.

simple("${in.header.type} in 'gold,silver'")

And for all the last 3 we also support the negate test using not:

simple("${in.header.type} !in 'gold,silver'")

And you can test if the type is a certain instance, eg for instance a String

simple("${in.header.type} is 'java.lang.String'")

We have added a shorthand for all java.lang types so you can write it as:

simple("${in.header.type} is 'String'")

Ranges are also supported. The range interval requires numbers and both from and end are inclusive. For instance to test whether a value is between 100 and 199:

simple("${in.header.number} range 100..199")

Notice we use .. in the range without spaces. It is based on the same syntax as Groovy.

From Camel 2.9 onwards the range value must be in single quotes

simple("${in.header.number} range '100..199'")

Using Spring XML

As the Spring XML does not have all the power as the Java DSL with all its various builder methods, you have to resort to use some other languages for testing with simple operators. Now you can do this with the simple language. In the sample below we want to test if the header is a widget order:

<from uri="seda:orders">
   <filter>
       <simple>${in.header.type} == 'widget'</simple>
       <to uri="bean:orderService?method=handleWidget"/>
   </filter>
</from>

Using and / or

If you have two expressions you can combine them with the && or || operator.

For instance:

simple("${in.header.title} contains 'Camel' && ${in.header.type'} == 'gold'")

And of course the || is also supported. The sample would be:

simple("${in.header.title} contains 'Camel' || ${in.header.type'} == 'gold'")

Samples

In the Spring XML sample below we filter based on a header value:

<from uri="seda:orders">
   <filter>
       <simple>${in.header.foo}</simple>
       <to uri="mock:fooOrders"/>
   </filter>
</from>

The Simple language can be used for the predicate test above in the Message Filter pattern, where we test if the in message has a foo header (a header with the key foo exists). If the expression evaluates to true then the message is routed to the mock:fooOrders endpoint, otherwise the message is dropped.

The same example in Java DSL:

from("seda:orders")
    .filter().simple("${in.header.foo}")
        .to("seda:fooOrders");

You can also use the simple language for simple text concatenations such as:

from("direct:hello")
    .transform().simple("Hello ${in.header.user} how are you?")
    .to("mock:reply");

Notice that we must use $\{ } placeholders in the expression now to allow Camel to parse it correctly.

And this sample uses the date command to output current date.

from("direct:hello")
    .transform().simple("The today is ${date:now:yyyyMMdd} and it is a great day.")
    .to("mock:reply");

And in the sample below we invoke the bean language to invoke a method on a bean to be included in the returned string:

from("direct:order")
    .transform().simple("OrderId: ${bean:orderIdGenerator}")
    .to("mock:reply");

Where orderIdGenerator is the id of the bean registered in the Registry. If using Spring then it is the Spring bean id.

If we want to declare which method to invoke on the order id generator bean we must prepend .method name such as below where we invoke the generateId method.

from("direct:order")
    .transform().simple("OrderId: ${bean:orderIdGenerator.generateId}")
    .to("mock:reply");

We can use the ?method=methodname option that we are familiar with the Bean component itself:

from("direct:order")
    .transform().simple("OrderId: ${bean:orderIdGenerator?method=generateId}")
    .to("mock:reply");

You can also convert the body to a given type, for example to ensure that it is a String you can do:

<transform>
  <simple>Hello ${bodyAs(String)} how are you?</simple>
</transform>

There are a few types which have a shorthand notation, so we can use String instead of java.lang.String. These are: byte[], String, Integer, Long. All other types must use their FQN name, e.g. org.w3c.dom.Document.

It is also possible to lookup a value from a header Map:

<transform>
  <simple>The gold value is ${header.type[gold]}</simple>
</transform>

In the code above we lookup the header with name type and regard it as a java.util.Map and we then lookup with the key gold and return the value. If the header is not convertible to Map an exception is thrown. If the header with name type does not exist null is returned.

You can nest functions, such as shown below:

<setHeader name="myHeader">
  <simple>${properties:${header.someKey}}</simple>
</setHeader>

Referring to constants or enums

Suppose you have an enum for customers

And in a Content Based Router we can use the Simple language to refer to this enum, to check the message which enum it matches.

Using new lines or tabs in XML DSLs

It is easier to specify new lines or tabs in XML DSLs as you can escape the value now

<transform>
  <simple>The following text\nis on a new line</simple>
</transform>

Leading and trailing whitespace handling

The trim attribute of the expression can be used to control whether the leading and trailing whitespace characters are removed or preserved. The default value is true, which removes the whitespace characters.

<setBody>
  <simple trim="false">You get some trailing whitespace characters.     </simple>
</setBody>

Setting result type

You can now provide a result type to the Simple expression, which means the result of the evaluation will be converted to the desired type. This is most usable to define types such as booleans, integers, etc.

For example to set a header as a boolean type you can do:

.setHeader("cool", simple("true", Boolean.class))

And in XML DSL

<setHeader name="cool">
  <!-- use resultType to indicate that the type should be a java.lang.Boolean -->
  <simple resultType="java.lang.Boolean">true</simple>
</setHeader>

Loading script from external resource

You can externalize the script and have Camel load it from a resource such as "classpath:", "file:", or "http:".
This is done using the following syntax: "resource:scheme:location", eg to refer to a file on the classpath you can do:

.setHeader("myHeader").simple("resource:classpath:mysimple.txt")

Setting Spring beans to Exchange properties

You can set a spring bean into an exchange property as shown below:

<bean id="myBeanId" class="my.package.MyCustomClass" />
...
<route>
  ...
  <setProperty name="monitoring.message">
    <simple>ref:myBeanId</simple>
  </setProperty>
  ...
</route>

Spring Boot Auto-Configuration

When using simple with Spring Boot make sure to use the following Maven dependency to have support for auto configuration:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.camel.springboot</groupId>
  <artifactId>camel-core-starter</artifactId>
  <version>x.x.x</version>
  <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

The component supports 147 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

camel.cloud.consul.service-discovery.acl-token

Sets the ACL token to be used with Consul.

String

camel.cloud.consul.service-discovery.block-seconds

The seconds to wait for a watch event, default 10 seconds.

10

Integer

camel.cloud.consul.service-discovery.configurations

Define additional configuration definitions.

Map

camel.cloud.consul.service-discovery.connect-timeout-millis

Connect timeout for OkHttpClient.

Long

camel.cloud.consul.service-discovery.datacenter

The data center.

String

camel.cloud.consul.service-discovery.enabled

Enable the component.

true

Boolean

camel.cloud.consul.service-discovery.password

Sets the password to be used for basic authentication.

String

camel.cloud.consul.service-discovery.properties

Set client properties to use. These properties are specific to what service call implementation are in use. For example if using ribbon, then the client properties are define in com.netflix.client.config.CommonClientConfigKey.

Map

camel.cloud.consul.service-discovery.read-timeout-millis

Read timeout for OkHttpClient.

Long

camel.cloud.consul.service-discovery.url

The Consul agent URL.

String

camel.cloud.consul.service-discovery.user-name

Sets the username to be used for basic authentication.

String

camel.cloud.consul.service-discovery.write-timeout-millis

Write timeout for OkHttpClient.

Long

camel.cloud.dns.service-discovery.configurations

Define additional configuration definitions.

Map

camel.cloud.dns.service-discovery.domain

The domain name;.

String

camel.cloud.dns.service-discovery.enabled

Enable the component.

true

Boolean

camel.cloud.dns.service-discovery.properties

Set client properties to use. These properties are specific to what service call implementation are in use. For example if using ribbon, then the client properties are define in com.netflix.client.config.CommonClientConfigKey.

Map

camel.cloud.dns.service-discovery.proto

The transport protocol of the desired service.

_tcp

String

camel.cloud.etcd.service-discovery.configurations

Define additional configuration definitions.

Map

camel.cloud.etcd.service-discovery.enabled

Enable the component.

true

Boolean

camel.cloud.etcd.service-discovery.password

The password to use for basic authentication.

String

camel.cloud.etcd.service-discovery.properties

Set client properties to use. These properties are specific to what service call implementation are in use. For example if using ribbon, then the client properties are define in com.netflix.client.config.CommonClientConfigKey.

Map

camel.cloud.etcd.service-discovery.service-path

The path to look for for service discovery.

/services/

String

camel.cloud.etcd.service-discovery.timeout

To set the maximum time an action could take to complete.

Long

camel.cloud.etcd.service-discovery.type

To set the discovery type, valid values are on-demand and watch.

on-demand

String

camel.cloud.etcd.service-discovery.uris

The URIs the client can connect to.

String

camel.cloud.etcd.service-discovery.user-name

The user name to use for basic authentication.

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.api-version

Sets the API version when using client lookup.

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.ca-cert-data

Sets the Certificate Authority data when using client lookup.

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.ca-cert-file

Sets the Certificate Authority data that are loaded from the file when using client lookup.

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.client-cert-data

Sets the Client Certificate data when using client lookup.

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.client-cert-file

Sets the Client Certificate data that are loaded from the file when using client lookup.

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.client-key-algo

Sets the Client Keystore algorithm, such as RSA when using client lookup.

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.client-key-data

Sets the Client Keystore data when using client lookup.

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.client-key-file

Sets the Client Keystore data that are loaded from the file when using client lookup.

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.client-key-passphrase

Sets the Client Keystore passphrase when using client lookup.

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.configurations

Define additional configuration definitions.

Map

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.dns-domain

Sets the DNS domain to use for DNS lookup.

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.enabled

Enable the component.

true

Boolean

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.lookup

How to perform service lookup. Possible values: client, dns, environment. When using client, then the client queries the kubernetes master to obtain a list of active pods that provides the service, and then random (or round robin) select a pod. When using dns the service name is resolved as name.namespace.svc.dnsDomain. When using dnssrv the service name is resolved with SRV query for .…​svc…​ When using environment then environment variables are used to lookup the service. By default environment is used.

environment

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.master-url

Sets the URL to the master when using client lookup.

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.namespace

Sets the namespace to use. Will by default use namespace from the ENV variable KUBERNETES_MASTER.

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.oauth-token

Sets the OAUTH token for authentication (instead of username/password) when using client lookup.

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.password

Sets the password for authentication when using client lookup.

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.port-name

Sets the Port Name to use for DNS/DNSSRV lookup.

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.port-protocol

Sets the Port Protocol to use for DNS/DNSSRV lookup.

String

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.properties

Set client properties to use. These properties are specific to what service call implementation are in use. For example if using ribbon, then the client properties are define in com.netflix.client.config.CommonClientConfigKey.

Map

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.trust-certs

Sets whether to turn on trust certificate check when using client lookup.

false

Boolean

camel.cloud.kubernetes.service-discovery.username

Sets the username for authentication when using client lookup.

String

camel.cloud.ribbon.load-balancer.client-name

Sets the Ribbon client name.

String

camel.cloud.ribbon.load-balancer.configurations

Define additional configuration definitions.

Map

camel.cloud.ribbon.load-balancer.enabled

Enable the component.

true

Boolean

camel.cloud.ribbon.load-balancer.namespace

The namespace.

String

camel.cloud.ribbon.load-balancer.password

The password.

String

camel.cloud.ribbon.load-balancer.properties

Set client properties to use. These properties are specific to what service call implementation are in use. For example if using ribbon, then the client properties are define in com.netflix.client.config.CommonClientConfigKey.

Map

camel.cloud.ribbon.load-balancer.username

The username.

String

camel.hystrix.allow-maximum-size-to-diverge-from-core-size

Allows the configuration for maximumSize to take effect. That value can then be equal to, or higher, than coreSize.

false

Boolean

camel.hystrix.circuit-breaker-enabled

Whether to use a HystrixCircuitBreaker or not. If false no circuit-breaker logic will be used and all requests permitted. This is similar in effect to circuitBreakerForceClosed() except that continues tracking metrics and knowing whether it should be open/closed, this property results in not even instantiating a circuit-breaker.

true

Boolean

camel.hystrix.circuit-breaker-error-threshold-percentage

Error percentage threshold (as whole number such as 50) at which point the circuit breaker will trip open and reject requests. It will stay tripped for the duration defined in circuitBreakerSleepWindowInMilliseconds; The error percentage this is compared against comes from HystrixCommandMetrics.getHealthCounts().

50

Integer

camel.hystrix.circuit-breaker-force-closed

If true the HystrixCircuitBreaker#allowRequest() will always return true to allow requests regardless of the error percentage from HystrixCommandMetrics.getHealthCounts(). The circuitBreakerForceOpen() property takes precedence so if it set to true this property does nothing.

false

Boolean

camel.hystrix.circuit-breaker-force-open

If true the HystrixCircuitBreaker.allowRequest() will always return false, causing the circuit to be open (tripped) and reject all requests. This property takes precedence over circuitBreakerForceClosed();.

false

Boolean

camel.hystrix.circuit-breaker-request-volume-threshold

Minimum number of requests in the metricsRollingStatisticalWindowInMilliseconds() that must exist before the HystrixCircuitBreaker will trip. If below this number the circuit will not trip regardless of error percentage.

20

Integer

camel.hystrix.circuit-breaker-sleep-window-in-milliseconds

The time in milliseconds after a HystrixCircuitBreaker trips open that it should wait before trying requests again.

5000

Integer

camel.hystrix.configurations

Define additional configuration definitions.

Map

camel.hystrix.core-pool-size

Core thread-pool size that gets passed to java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor#setCorePoolSize(int).

10

Integer

camel.hystrix.enabled

Enable the component.

true

Boolean

camel.hystrix.execution-isolation-semaphore-max-concurrent-requests

Number of concurrent requests permitted to HystrixCommand.run(). Requests beyond the concurrent limit will be rejected. Applicable only when executionIsolationStrategy == SEMAPHORE.

20

Integer

camel.hystrix.execution-isolation-strategy

What isolation strategy HystrixCommand.run() will be executed with. If THREAD then it will be executed on a separate thread and concurrent requests limited by the number of threads in the thread-pool. If SEMAPHORE then it will be executed on the calling thread and concurrent requests limited by the semaphore count.

THREAD

String

camel.hystrix.execution-isolation-thread-interrupt-on-timeout

Whether the execution thread should attempt an interrupt (using Future#cancel ) when a thread times out. Applicable only when executionIsolationStrategy() == THREAD.

true

Boolean

camel.hystrix.execution-timeout-enabled

Whether the timeout mechanism is enabled for this command.

true

Boolean

camel.hystrix.execution-timeout-in-milliseconds

Time in milliseconds at which point the command will timeout and halt execution. If executionIsolationThreadInterruptOnTimeout == true and the command is thread-isolated, the executing thread will be interrupted. If the command is semaphore-isolated and a HystrixObservableCommand, that command will get unsubscribed.

1000

Integer

camel.hystrix.fallback-enabled

Whether HystrixCommand.getFallback() should be attempted when failure occurs.

true

Boolean

camel.hystrix.fallback-isolation-semaphore-max-concurrent-requests

Number of concurrent requests permitted to HystrixCommand.getFallback(). Requests beyond the concurrent limit will fail-fast and not attempt retrieving a fallback.

10

Integer

camel.hystrix.group-key

Sets the group key to use. The default value is CamelHystrix.

CamelHystrix

String

camel.hystrix.keep-alive-time

Keep-alive time in minutes that gets passed to ThreadPoolExecutor#setKeepAliveTime(long,TimeUnit).

1

Integer

camel.hystrix.max-queue-size

Max queue size that gets passed to BlockingQueue in HystrixConcurrencyStrategy.getBlockingQueue(int) This should only affect the instantiation of a threadpool - it is not eliglible to change a queue size on the fly. For that, use queueSizeRejectionThreshold().

-1

Integer

camel.hystrix.maximum-size

Maximum thread-pool size that gets passed to ThreadPoolExecutor#setMaximumPoolSize(int) . This is the maximum amount of concurrency that can be supported without starting to reject HystrixCommands. Please note that this setting only takes effect if you also set allowMaximumSizeToDivergeFromCoreSize.

10

Integer

camel.hystrix.metrics-health-snapshot-interval-in-milliseconds

Time in milliseconds to wait between allowing health snapshots to be taken that calculate success and error percentages and affect HystrixCircuitBreaker.isOpen() status. On high-volume circuits the continual calculation of error percentage can become CPU intensive thus this controls how often it is calculated.

500

Integer

camel.hystrix.metrics-rolling-percentile-bucket-size

Maximum number of values stored in each bucket of the rolling percentile. This is passed into HystrixRollingPercentile inside HystrixCommandMetrics.

10

Integer

camel.hystrix.metrics-rolling-percentile-enabled

Whether percentile metrics should be captured using HystrixRollingPercentile inside HystrixCommandMetrics.

true

Boolean

camel.hystrix.metrics-rolling-percentile-window-buckets

Number of buckets the rolling percentile window is broken into. This is passed into HystrixRollingPercentile inside HystrixCommandMetrics.

6

Integer

camel.hystrix.metrics-rolling-percentile-window-in-milliseconds

Duration of percentile rolling window in milliseconds. This is passed into HystrixRollingPercentile inside HystrixCommandMetrics.

10000

Integer

camel.hystrix.metrics-rolling-statistical-window-buckets

Number of buckets the rolling statistical window is broken into. This is passed into HystrixRollingNumber inside HystrixCommandMetrics.

10

Integer

camel.hystrix.metrics-rolling-statistical-window-in-milliseconds

This property sets the duration of the statistical rolling window, in milliseconds. This is how long metrics are kept for the thread pool. The window is divided into buckets and rolls by those increments.

10000

Integer

camel.hystrix.queue-size-rejection-threshold

Queue size rejection threshold is an artificial max size at which rejections will occur even if maxQueueSize has not been reached. This is done because the maxQueueSize of a BlockingQueue can not be dynamically changed and we want to support dynamically changing the queue size that affects rejections. This is used by HystrixCommand when queuing a thread for execution.

5

Integer

camel.hystrix.request-log-enabled

Whether HystrixCommand execution and events should be logged to HystrixRequestLog.

true

Boolean

camel.hystrix.thread-pool-key

Sets the thread pool key to use. Will by default use the same value as groupKey has been configured to use.

CamelHystrix

String

camel.hystrix.thread-pool-rolling-number-statistical-window-buckets

Number of buckets the rolling statistical window is broken into. This is passed into HystrixRollingNumber inside each HystrixThreadPoolMetrics instance.

10

Integer

camel.hystrix.thread-pool-rolling-number-statistical-window-in-milliseconds

Duration of statistical rolling window in milliseconds. This is passed into HystrixRollingNumber inside each HystrixThreadPoolMetrics instance.

10000

Integer

camel.language.constant.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the constant language. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.language.constant.trim

Whether to trim the value to remove leading and trailing whitespaces and line breaks.

true

Boolean

camel.language.csimple.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the csimple language. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.language.csimple.trim

Whether to trim the value to remove leading and trailing whitespaces and line breaks.

true

Boolean

camel.language.exchangeproperty.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the exchangeProperty language. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.language.exchangeproperty.trim

Whether to trim the value to remove leading and trailing whitespaces and line breaks.

true

Boolean

camel.language.file.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the file language. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.language.file.trim

Whether to trim the value to remove leading and trailing whitespaces and line breaks.

true

Boolean

camel.language.header.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the header language. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.language.header.trim

Whether to trim the value to remove leading and trailing whitespaces and line breaks.

true

Boolean

camel.language.ref.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the ref language. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.language.ref.trim

Whether to trim the value to remove leading and trailing whitespaces and line breaks.

true

Boolean

camel.language.simple.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the simple language. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.language.simple.trim

Whether to trim the value to remove leading and trailing whitespaces and line breaks.

true

Boolean

camel.language.tokenize.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the tokenize language. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.language.tokenize.group-delimiter

Sets the delimiter to use when grouping. If this has not been set then token will be used as the delimiter.

String

camel.language.tokenize.trim

Whether to trim the value to remove leading and trailing whitespaces and line breaks.

true

Boolean

camel.resilience4j.automatic-transition-from-open-to-half-open-enabled

Enables automatic transition from OPEN to HALF_OPEN state once the waitDurationInOpenState has passed.

false

Boolean

camel.resilience4j.circuit-breaker-ref

Refers to an existing io.github.resilience4j.circuitbreaker.CircuitBreaker instance to lookup and use from the registry. When using this, then any other circuit breaker options are not in use.

String

camel.resilience4j.config-ref

Refers to an existing io.github.resilience4j.circuitbreaker.CircuitBreakerConfig instance to lookup and use from the registry.

String

camel.resilience4j.configurations

Define additional configuration definitions.

Map

camel.resilience4j.enabled

Enable the component.

true

Boolean

camel.resilience4j.failure-rate-threshold

Configures the failure rate threshold in percentage. If the failure rate is equal or greater than the threshold the CircuitBreaker transitions to open and starts short-circuiting calls. The threshold must be greater than 0 and not greater than 100. Default value is 50 percentage.

Float

camel.resilience4j.minimum-number-of-calls

Configures the minimum number of calls which are required (per sliding window period) before the CircuitBreaker can calculate the error rate. For example, if minimumNumberOfCalls is 10, then at least 10 calls must be recorded, before the failure rate can be calculated. If only 9 calls have been recorded the CircuitBreaker will not transition to open even if all 9 calls have failed. Default minimumNumberOfCalls is 100.

100

Integer

camel.resilience4j.permitted-number-of-calls-in-half-open-state

Configures the number of permitted calls when the CircuitBreaker is half open. The size must be greater than 0. Default size is 10.

10

Integer

camel.resilience4j.sliding-window-size

Configures the size of the sliding window which is used to record the outcome of calls when the CircuitBreaker is closed. slidingWindowSize configures the size of the sliding window. Sliding window can either be count-based or time-based. If slidingWindowType is COUNT_BASED, the last slidingWindowSize calls are recorded and aggregated. If slidingWindowType is TIME_BASED, the calls of the last slidingWindowSize seconds are recorded and aggregated. The slidingWindowSize must be greater than 0. The minimumNumberOfCalls must be greater than 0. If the slidingWindowType is COUNT_BASED, the minimumNumberOfCalls cannot be greater than slidingWindowSize . If the slidingWindowType is TIME_BASED, you can pick whatever you want. Default slidingWindowSize is 100.

100

Integer

camel.resilience4j.sliding-window-type

Configures the type of the sliding window which is used to record the outcome of calls when the CircuitBreaker is closed. Sliding window can either be count-based or time-based. If slidingWindowType is COUNT_BASED, the last slidingWindowSize calls are recorded and aggregated. If slidingWindowType is TIME_BASED, the calls of the last slidingWindowSize seconds are recorded and aggregated. Default slidingWindowType is COUNT_BASED.

COUNT_BASED

String

camel.resilience4j.slow-call-duration-threshold

Configures the duration threshold (seconds) above which calls are considered as slow and increase the slow calls percentage. Default value is 60 seconds.

60

Integer

camel.resilience4j.slow-call-rate-threshold

Configures a threshold in percentage. The CircuitBreaker considers a call as slow when the call duration is greater than slowCallDurationThreshold Duration. When the percentage of slow calls is equal or greater the threshold, the CircuitBreaker transitions to open and starts short-circuiting calls. The threshold must be greater than 0 and not greater than 100. Default value is 100 percentage which means that all recorded calls must be slower than slowCallDurationThreshold.

Float

camel.resilience4j.wait-duration-in-open-state

Configures the wait duration (in seconds) which specifies how long the CircuitBreaker should stay open, before it switches to half open. Default value is 60 seconds.

60

Integer

camel.resilience4j.writable-stack-trace-enabled

Enables writable stack traces. When set to false, Exception.getStackTrace returns a zero length array. This may be used to reduce log spam when the circuit breaker is open as the cause of the exceptions is already known (the circuit breaker is short-circuiting calls).

true

Boolean

camel.rest.api-component

The name of the Camel component to use as the REST API (such as swagger) If no API Component has been explicit configured, then Camel will lookup if there is a Camel component responsible for servicing and generating the REST API documentation, or if a org.apache.camel.spi.RestApiProcessorFactory is registered in the registry. If either one is found, then that is being used.

String

camel.rest.api-context-id-pattern

Sets an CamelContext id pattern to only allow Rest APIs from rest services within CamelContext’s which name matches the pattern. The pattern name refers to the CamelContext name, to match on the current CamelContext only. For any other value, the pattern uses the rules from PatternHelper#matchPattern(String,String).

String

camel.rest.api-context-listing

Sets whether listing of all available CamelContext’s with REST services in the JVM is enabled. If enabled it allows to discover these contexts, if false then only the current CamelContext is in use.

false

Boolean

camel.rest.api-context-path

Sets a leading API context-path the REST API services will be using. This can be used when using components such as camel-servlet where the deployed web application is deployed using a context-path.

String

camel.rest.api-context-route-id

Sets the route id to use for the route that services the REST API. The route will by default use an auto assigned route id.

String

camel.rest.api-host

To use an specific hostname for the API documentation (eg swagger) This can be used to override the generated host with this configured hostname.

String

camel.rest.api-property

Allows to configure as many additional properties for the api documentation (swagger). For example set property api.title to my cool stuff.

Map

camel.rest.api-vendor-extension

Whether vendor extension is enabled in the Rest APIs. If enabled then Camel will include additional information as vendor extension (eg keys starting with x-) such as route ids, class names etc. Not all 3rd party API gateways and tools supports vendor-extensions when importing your API docs.

false

Boolean

camel.rest.binding-mode

Sets the binding mode to use. The default value is off.

RestBindingMode

camel.rest.client-request-validation

Whether to enable validation of the client request to check whether the Content-Type and Accept headers from the client is supported by the Rest-DSL configuration of its consumes/produces settings. This can be turned on, to enable this check. In case of validation error, then HTTP Status codes 415 or 406 is returned. The default value is false.

false

Boolean

camel.rest.component

The Camel Rest component to use for the REST transport (consumer), such as netty-http, jetty, servlet, undertow. If no component has been explicit configured, then Camel will lookup if there is a Camel component that integrates with the Rest DSL, or if a org.apache.camel.spi.RestConsumerFactory is registered in the registry. If either one is found, then that is being used.

String

camel.rest.component-property

Allows to configure as many additional properties for the rest component in use.

Map

camel.rest.consumer-property

Allows to configure as many additional properties for the rest consumer in use.

Map

camel.rest.context-path

Sets a leading context-path the REST services will be using. This can be used when using components such as camel-servlet where the deployed web application is deployed using a context-path. Or for components such as camel-jetty or camel-netty-http that includes a HTTP server.

String

camel.rest.cors-headers

Allows to configure custom CORS headers.

Map

camel.rest.data-format-property

Allows to configure as many additional properties for the data formats in use. For example set property prettyPrint to true to have json outputted in pretty mode. The properties can be prefixed to denote the option is only for either JSON or XML and for either the IN or the OUT. The prefixes are: json.in. json.out. xml.in. xml.out. For example a key with value xml.out.mustBeJAXBElement is only for the XML data format for the outgoing. A key without a prefix is a common key for all situations.

Map

camel.rest.enable-cors

Whether to enable CORS headers in the HTTP response. The default value is false.

false

Boolean

camel.rest.endpoint-property

Allows to configure as many additional properties for the rest endpoint in use.

Map

camel.rest.host

The hostname to use for exposing the REST service.

String

camel.rest.host-name-resolver

If no hostname has been explicit configured, then this resolver is used to compute the hostname the REST service will be using.

RestHostNameResolver

camel.rest.json-data-format

Name of specific json data format to use. By default json-jackson will be used. Important: This option is only for setting a custom name of the data format, not to refer to an existing data format instance.

String

camel.rest.port

The port number to use for exposing the REST service. Notice if you use servlet component then the port number configured here does not apply, as the port number in use is the actual port number the servlet component is using. eg if using Apache Tomcat its the tomcat http port, if using Apache Karaf its the HTTP service in Karaf that uses port 8181 by default etc. Though in those situations setting the port number here, allows tooling and JMX to know the port number, so its recommended to set the port number to the number that the servlet engine uses.

String

camel.rest.producer-api-doc

Sets the location of the api document (swagger api) the REST producer will use to validate the REST uri and query parameters are valid accordingly to the api document. This requires adding camel-swagger-java to the classpath, and any miss configuration will let Camel fail on startup and report the error(s). The location of the api document is loaded from classpath by default, but you can use file: or http: to refer to resources to load from file or http url.

String

camel.rest.producer-component

Sets the name of the Camel component to use as the REST producer.

String

camel.rest.scheme

The scheme to use for exposing the REST service. Usually http or https is supported. The default value is http.

String

camel.rest.skip-binding-on-error-code

Whether to skip binding on output if there is a custom HTTP error code header. This allows to build custom error messages that do not bind to json / xml etc, as success messages otherwise will do.

false

Boolean

camel.rest.use-x-forward-headers

Whether to use X-Forward headers for Host and related setting. The default value is true.

true

Boolean

camel.rest.xml-data-format

Name of specific XML data format to use. By default jaxb will be used. Important: This option is only for setting a custom name of the data format, not to refer to an existing data format instance.

String