String Template Component

Since Camel 1.2

Only producer is supported

The String Template component allows you to process a message using a String Template. This can be ideal when using Templating to generate responses for requests.

Maven users will need to add the following dependency to their pom.xml for this component:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
    <artifactId>camel-stringtemplate</artifactId>
    <version>x.x.x</version>
    <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

URI format

string-template:templateName[?options]

Where templateName is the classpath-local URI of the template to invoke; or the complete URL of the remote template.

You can append query options to the URI in the following format, ?option=value&option=value&…​

Options

The String Template component supports 3 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

basicPropertyBinding (advanced)

Whether the component should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

boolean

lazyStartProducer (producer)

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

boolean

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

boolean

The String Template endpoint is configured using URI syntax:

string-template:resourceUri

with the following path and query parameters:

Path Parameters (1 parameters):

Name Description Default Type

resourceUri

Required Path to the resource. You can prefix with: classpath, file, http, ref, or bean. classpath, file and http loads the resource using these protocols (classpath is default). ref will lookup the resource in the registry. bean will call a method on a bean to be used as the resource. For bean you can specify the method name after dot, eg bean:myBean.myMethod.

String

Query Parameters (6 parameters):

Name Description Default Type

contentCache (producer)

Sets whether to use resource content cache or not

false

boolean

delimiterStart (producer)

The variable start delimiter

<

char

delimiterStop (producer)

The variable end delimiter

>

char

lazyStartProducer (producer)

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

boolean

basicPropertyBinding (advanced)

Whether the endpoint should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

boolean

synchronous (advanced)

Sets whether synchronous processing should be strictly used, or Camel is allowed to use asynchronous processing (if supported).

false

boolean

Spring Boot Auto-Configuration

When using Spring Boot make sure to use the following Maven dependency to have support for auto configuration:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.camel.springboot</groupId>
  <artifactId>camel-stringtemplate-starter</artifactId>
  <version>x.x.x</version>
  <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

The component supports 4 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

camel.component.string-template.basic-property-binding

Whether the component should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

Boolean

camel.component.string-template.bridge-error-handler

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

Boolean

camel.component.string-template.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the string-template component. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.component.string-template.lazy-start-producer

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

Boolean

Headers

Camel will store a reference to the resource in the message header with key, org.apache.camel.stringtemplate.resource. The Resource is an org.springframework.core.io.Resource object.

Hot reloading

The string template resource is by default hot-reloadable for both file and classpath resources (expanded jar). If you set contentCache=true, Camel loads the resource only once and hot-reloading is not possible. This scenario can be used in production when the resource never changes.

StringTemplate Attributes

You can define the custom context map by setting the message header "CamelStringTemplateVariableMap" just like the below code.

Map<String, Object> variableMap = new HashMap<String, Object>();
Map<String, Object> headersMap = new HashMap<String, Object>();
headersMap.put("name", "Willem");
variableMap.put("headers", headersMap);
variableMap.put("body", "Monday");
variableMap.put("exchange", exchange);
exchange.getIn().setHeader("CamelStringTemplateVariableMap", variableMap);

Samples

For example you could use a string template as follows in order to formulate a response to a message:

from("activemq:My.Queue").
  to("string-template:com/acme/MyResponse.tm");

The Email Sample

In this sample we want to use a string template to send an order confirmation email. The email template is laid out in StringTemplate as:

Dear <headers.lastName>, <headers.firstName>

Thanks for the order of <headers.item>.

Regards Camel Riders Bookstore
<body>

And the java code is as follows: