Simple JMS Batch Component

Since Camel 2.16

Only consumer is supported

SJMS Batch is a specialized component for highly performant, transactional batch consumption from a JMS queue. It can be thought of as a hybrid of a consumer-only component and an aggregator.

A common use case in Camel is to consume messages from a queue and aggregate them before sending the aggregated state to another endpoint. In order to ensure that data is not lost if the system performing the processing fails, it is typically consumed within a transaction from the queue, and once aggregated stored in a persistent AggregationRepository, such as the one found in the JDBC Component.

The behavior of the aggregator pattern involves fetching data from the AggregationRepository before an incoming message is aggregated, and writing back the result afterwards. By nature, the reads and writes take progressively longer as the number of aggregated artifacts increases. A rough example of this using arbitrary time units that demonstrates the impact of this is as follows:

Item Read Time Write Time Total Time

0

0

1

1

1

1

2

4

2

2

3

9

3

3

4

16

4

4

5

25

5

5

6

36

6

6

7

49

7

7

8

64

8

8

9

81

9

9

10

100

In contrast, consumption performance using the SJMS Batch component is linear. Each message is consumed and aggregated using an AggregationStrategy before the next one is fetched. As all of the consumption and aggregation is performed in a single JMS transaction no external storage is required to persist the intermediate state - this avoids the read and write costs described above. In practice, this yields multiple orders of magnitude higher throughput.

Once a completion condition is met, either by size or period since first message, the aggregated Exchange is passed into the route. During the processing of this Exchange, if an exception is thrown or the system shuts down, all of the original consumed messages end up back on the queue (or are placed on the dead-letter queue depending on the broker configuration).

Unlike using a regular aggregator, there is no facility for an aggregation condition, meaning that it is not possible to batch consume into multiple groups of messages. All consumed messages are aggregated together into a single batch.

Multiple JMS consumer support is available which allows you to consume in parallel using the one route, and at the same time use facilities like JMS message groups to group related messages.

Maven users will need to add the following dependency to their pom.xml for this component:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
    <artifactId>camel-sjms</artifactId>
    <version>x.x.x</version>
    <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

URI format

sjms:[queue:]destinationName[?options]

Where destinationName is a JMS queue. By default, the destinationName is interpreted as a queue name.

sjms:FOO.BAR

You can include the optional queue: prefix, if you prefer:

sjms:queue:FOO.BAR

Topic consumption is not supported, as there is no advantage to using batch consumption within that context. Topic messages are usually non-persistent, and loss is acceptable. If consumed within a transaction that fails, a topic message will likely not be redelivered by the broker. A plain SJMS consumer endpoint can be used in conjunction with a regular non-persistence backed aggregator in this scenario.

Component Options and Configurations

The Simple JMS Batch component supports 7 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

connectionFactory (advanced)

A ConnectionFactory is required to enable the SjmsBatchComponent.

ConnectionFactory

asyncStartListener (advanced)

Whether to startup the consumer message listener asynchronously, when starting a route. For example if a JmsConsumer cannot get a connection to a remote JMS broker, then it may block while retrying and/or failover. This will cause Camel to block while starting routes. By setting this option to true, you will let routes startup, while the JmsConsumer connects to the JMS broker using a dedicated thread in asynchronous mode. If this option is used, then beware that if the connection could not be established, then an exception is logged at WARN level, and the consumer will not be able to receive messages; You can then restart the route to retry.

false

boolean

recoveryInterval (advanced)

Specifies the interval between recovery attempts, i.e. when a connection is being refreshed, in milliseconds. The default is 5000 ms, that is, 5 seconds.

5000

int

headerFilterStrategy (filter)

To use a custom org.apache.camel.spi.HeaderFilterStrategy to filter header to and from Camel message.

HeaderFilterStrategy

basicPropertyBinding (advanced)

Whether the component should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

boolean

lazyStartProducer (producer)

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

boolean

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

boolean

The Simple JMS Batch endpoint is configured using URI syntax:

sjms-batch:destinationName

with the following path and query parameters:

Path Parameters (1 parameters):

Name Description Default Type

destinationName

Required The destination name. Only queues are supported, names may be prefixed by 'queue:'.

String

Query Parameters (24 parameters):

Name Description Default Type

aggregationStrategy (consumer)

Required The aggregation strategy to use, which merges all the batched messages into a single message

AggregationStrategy

allowNullBody (consumer)

Whether to allow sending messages with no body. If this option is false and the message body is null, then an JMSException is thrown.

true

boolean

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

boolean

completionInterval (consumer)

The completion interval in millis, which causes batches to be completed in a scheduled fixed rate every interval. The batch may be empty if the timeout triggered and there was no messages in the batch. Notice you cannot use both completion timeout and completion interval at the same time, only one can be configured.

1000

int

completionPredicate (consumer)

The completion predicate, which causes batches to be completed when the predicate evaluates as true. The predicate can also be configured using the simple language using the string syntax. You may want to set the option eagerCheckCompletion to true to let the predicate match the incoming message, as otherwise it matches the aggregated message.

String

completionSize (consumer)

The number of messages consumed at which the batch will be completed

200

int

completionTimeout (consumer)

The timeout in millis from receipt of the first first message when the batch will be completed. The batch may be empty if the timeout triggered and there was no messages in the batch. Notice you cannot use both completion timeout and completion interval at the same time, only one can be configured.

500

int

consumerCount (consumer)

The number of JMS sessions to consume from

1

int

eagerCheckCompletion (consumer)

Use eager completion checking which means that the completionPredicate will use the incoming Exchange. As opposed to without eager completion checking the completionPredicate will use the aggregated Exchange.

false

boolean

includeAllJMSXProperties (consumer)

Whether to include all JMSXxxx properties when mapping from JMS to Camel Message. Setting this to true will include properties such as JMSXAppID, and JMSXUserID etc. Note: If you are using a custom headerFilterStrategy then this option does not apply.

false

boolean

mapJmsMessage (consumer)

Specifies whether Camel should auto map the received JMS message to a suited payload type, such as javax.jms.TextMessage to a String etc. See section about how mapping works below for more details.

true

boolean

pollDuration (consumer)

The duration in milliseconds of each poll for messages. completionTimeOut will be used if it is shorter and a batch has started.

1000

int

sendEmptyMessageWhenIdle (consumer)

If using completion timeout or interval, then the batch may be empty if the timeout triggered and there was no messages in the batch. If this option is true and the batch is empty then an empty message is added to the batch so an empty message is routed.

false

boolean

exceptionHandler (consumer)

To let the consumer use a custom ExceptionHandler. Notice if the option bridgeErrorHandler is enabled then this option is not in use. By default the consumer will deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

ExceptionHandler

exchangePattern (consumer)

Sets the exchange pattern when the consumer creates an exchange.

ExchangePattern

asyncStartListener (advanced)

Whether to startup the consumer message listener asynchronously, when starting a route. For example if a JmsConsumer cannot get a connection to a remote JMS broker, then it may block while retrying and/or failover. This will cause Camel to block while starting routes. By setting this option to true, you will let routes startup, while the JmsConsumer connects to the JMS broker using a dedicated thread in asynchronous mode. If this option is used, then beware that if the connection could not be established, then an exception is logged at WARN level, and the consumer will not be able to receive messages; You can then restart the route to retry.

false

boolean

basicPropertyBinding (advanced)

Whether the endpoint should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

boolean

headerFilterStrategy (advanced)

To use a custom HeaderFilterStrategy to filter header to and from Camel message.

HeaderFilterStrategy

jmsKeyFormatStrategy (advanced)

Pluggable strategy for encoding and decoding JMS keys so they can be compliant with the JMS specification. Camel provides two implementations out of the box: default and passthrough. The default strategy will safely marshal dots and hyphens (. and -). The passthrough strategy leaves the key as is. Can be used for JMS brokers which do not care whether JMS header keys contain illegal characters. You can provide your own implementation of the org.apache.camel.component.jms.JmsKeyFormatStrategy and refer to it using the # notation.

JmsKeyFormatStrategy

keepAliveDelay (advanced)

The delay in millis between attempts to re-establish a valid session. If this is a positive value the SjmsBatchConsumer will attempt to create a new session if it sees an IllegalStateException during message consumption. This delay value allows you to pause between attempts to prevent spamming the logs. If this is a negative value (default is -1) then the SjmsBatchConsumer will behave as it always has before - that is it will bail out and the route will shut down if it sees an IllegalStateException.

-1

int

messageCreatedStrategy (advanced)

To use the given MessageCreatedStrategy which are invoked when Camel creates new instances of javax.jms.Message objects when Camel is sending a JMS message.

MessageCreatedStrategy

recoveryInterval (advanced)

Specifies the interval between recovery attempts, i.e. when a connection is being refreshed, in milliseconds. The default is 5000 ms, that is, 5 seconds.

5000

int

synchronous (advanced)

Sets whether synchronous processing should be strictly used, or Camel is allowed to use asynchronous processing (if supported).

false

boolean

timeoutCheckerExecutor Service (advanced)

If using the completionInterval option a background thread is created to trigger the completion interval. Set this option to provide a custom thread pool to be used rather than creating a new thread for every consumer.

ScheduledExecutorService

Spring Boot Auto-Configuration

When using Spring Boot make sure to use the following Maven dependency to have support for auto configuration:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.camel.springboot</groupId>
  <artifactId>camel-sjms-starter</artifactId>
  <version>x.x.x</version>
  <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

The component supports 8 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

camel.component.sjms-batch.async-start-listener

Whether to startup the consumer message listener asynchronously, when starting a route. For example if a JmsConsumer cannot get a connection to a remote JMS broker, then it may block while retrying and/or failover. This will cause Camel to block while starting routes. By setting this option to true, you will let routes startup, while the JmsConsumer connects to the JMS broker using a dedicated thread in asynchronous mode. If this option is used, then beware that if the connection could not be established, then an exception is logged at WARN level, and the consumer will not be able to receive messages; You can then restart the route to retry.

false

Boolean

camel.component.sjms-batch.basic-property-binding

Whether the component should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

Boolean

camel.component.sjms-batch.bridge-error-handler

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

Boolean

camel.component.sjms-batch.connection-factory

A ConnectionFactory is required to enable the SjmsBatchComponent. The option is a javax.jms.ConnectionFactory type.

String

camel.component.sjms-batch.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the sjms-batch component. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.component.sjms-batch.header-filter-strategy

To use a custom org.apache.camel.spi.HeaderFilterStrategy to filter header to and from Camel message. The option is a org.apache.camel.spi.HeaderFilterStrategy type.

String

camel.component.sjms-batch.lazy-start-producer

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

Boolean

camel.component.sjms-batch.recovery-interval

Specifies the interval between recovery attempts, i.e. when a connection is being refreshed, in milliseconds. The default is 5000 ms, that is, 5 seconds.

5000

Integer

The completionSize endpoint attribute is used in conjunction with completionTimeout, where the first condition to be met will cause the aggregated Exchange to be emitted down the route.