RabbitMQ Component

Since Camel 2.12

Both producer and consumer is supported

The RabbitMQ component allows you produce and consume messages from RabbitMQ instances. Using the RabbitMQ AMQP client, this component offers a pure RabbitMQ approach over the generic AMQP component.

Maven users will need to add the following dependency to their pom.xml for this component:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
    <artifactId>camel-rabbitmq</artifactId>
    <version>x.x.x</version>
    <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

URI format

The old syntax is deprecated:

rabbitmq://hostname[:port]/exchangeName?[options]

Instead the hostname and port is configured on the component level, or can be provided as uri query parameters instead.

The new syntax is:

rabbitmq:exchangeName?[options]

Where hostname is the hostname of the running rabbitmq instance or cluster. Port is optional and if not specified then defaults to the RabbitMQ client default (5672). The exchange name determines which exchange produced messages will sent to. In the case of consumers, the exchange name determines which exchange the queue will bind to.

Options

The RabbitMQ component supports 52 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

hostname (common)

The hostname of the running RabbitMQ instance or cluster.

String

portNumber (common)

Port number for the host with the running rabbitmq instance or cluster.

5672

int

username (security)

Username in case of authenticated access

guest

String

password (security)

Password for authenticated access

guest

String

vhost (common)

The vhost for the channel

/

String

addresses (common)

If this option is set, camel-rabbitmq will try to create connection based on the setting of option addresses. The addresses value is a string which looks like server1:12345, server2:12345

String

connectionFactory (common)

To use a custom RabbitMQ connection factory. When this option is set, all connection options (connectionTimeout, requestedChannelMax…​) set on URI are not used

ConnectionFactory

threadPoolSize (consumer)

The consumer uses a Thread Pool Executor with a fixed number of threads. This setting allows you to set that number of threads.

10

int

autoDetectConnection Factory (advanced)

Whether to auto-detect looking up RabbitMQ connection factory from the registry. When enabled and a single instance of the connection factory is found then it will be used. An explicit connection factory can be configured on the component or endpoint level which takes precedence.

true

boolean

connectionTimeout (advanced)

Connection timeout

60000

int

requestedChannelMax (advanced)

Connection requested channel max (max number of channels offered)

2047

int

requestedFrameMax (advanced)

Connection requested frame max (max size of frame offered)

0

int

requestedHeartbeat (advanced)

Connection requested heartbeat (heart-beat in seconds offered)

60

int

automaticRecovery Enabled (advanced)

Enables connection automatic recovery (uses connection implementation that performs automatic recovery when connection shutdown is not initiated by the application)

Boolean

networkRecoveryInterval (advanced)

Network recovery interval in milliseconds (interval used when recovering from network failure)

5000

Integer

topologyRecoveryEnabled (advanced)

Enables connection topology recovery (should topology recovery be performed)

Boolean

prefetchEnabled (consumer)

Enables the quality of service on the RabbitMQConsumer side. You need to specify the option of prefetchSize, prefetchCount, prefetchGlobal at the same time

false

boolean

prefetchSize (consumer)

The maximum amount of content (measured in octets) that the server will deliver, 0 if unlimited. You need to specify the option of prefetchSize, prefetchCount, prefetchGlobal at the same time

int

prefetchCount (consumer)

The maximum number of messages that the server will deliver, 0 if unlimited. You need to specify the option of prefetchSize, prefetchCount, prefetchGlobal at the same time

int

prefetchGlobal (consumer)

If the settings should be applied to the entire channel rather than each consumer You need to specify the option of prefetchSize, prefetchCount, prefetchGlobal at the same time

false

boolean

channelPoolMaxSize (producer)

Get maximum number of opened channel in pool

10

int

channelPoolMaxWait (producer)

Set the maximum number of milliseconds to wait for a channel from the pool

1000

long

requestTimeout (advanced)

Set timeout for waiting for a reply when using the InOut Exchange Pattern (in milliseconds)

20000

long

requestTimeoutChecker Interval (advanced)

Set requestTimeoutCheckerInterval for inOut exchange

1000

long

transferException (advanced)

When true and an inOut Exchange failed on the consumer side send the caused Exception back in the response

false

boolean

publisher Acknowledgements (producer)

When true, the message will be published with publisher acknowledgements turned on

false

boolean

publisher AcknowledgementsTimeout (producer)

The amount of time in milliseconds to wait for a basic.ack response from RabbitMQ server

long

guaranteedDeliveries (producer)

When true, an exception will be thrown when the message cannot be delivered (basic.return) and the message is marked as mandatory. PublisherAcknowledgement will also be activated in this case. See also publisher acknowledgements - When will messages be confirmed.

false

boolean

mandatory (producer)

This flag tells the server how to react if the message cannot be routed to a queue. If this flag is set, the server will return an unroutable message with a Return method. If this flag is zero, the server silently drops the message. If the header is present rabbitmq.MANDATORY it will override this option.

false

boolean

immediate (producer)

This flag tells the server how to react if the message cannot be routed to a queue consumer immediately. If this flag is set, the server will return an undeliverable message with a Return method. If this flag is zero, the server will queue the message, but with no guarantee that it will ever be consumed. If the header is present rabbitmq.IMMEDIATE it will override this option.

false

boolean

args (advanced)

Specify arguments for configuring the different RabbitMQ concepts, a different prefix is required for each: Exchange: arg.exchange. Queue: arg.queue. Binding: arg.binding. For example to declare a queue with message ttl argument: http://localhost:5672/exchange/queueargs=arg.queue.x-message-ttl=60000

Map

clientProperties (advanced)

Connection client properties (client info used in negotiating with the server)

Map

sslProtocol (security)

Enables SSL on connection, accepted value are true, TLS and 'SSLv3

String

trustManager (security)

Configure SSL trust manager, SSL should be enabled for this option to be effective

TrustManager

autoAck (consumer)

If messages should be auto acknowledged

true

boolean

autoDelete (common)

If it is true, the exchange will be deleted when it is no longer in use

true

boolean

durable (common)

If we are declaring a durable exchange (the exchange will survive a server restart)

true

boolean

exclusive (common)

Exclusive queues may only be accessed by the current connection, and are deleted when that connection closes.

false

boolean

exclusiveConsumer (consumer)

Request exclusive access to the queue (meaning only this consumer can access the queue). This is useful when you want a long-lived shared queue to be temporarily accessible by just one consumer.

false

boolean

passive (common)

Passive queues depend on the queue already to be available at RabbitMQ.

false

boolean

skipQueueDeclare (common)

If true the producer will not declare and bind a queue. This can be used for directing messages via an existing routing key.

false

boolean

skipQueueBind (common)

If true the queue will not be bound to the exchange after declaring it

false

boolean

skipExchangeDeclare (common)

This can be used if we need to declare the queue but not the exchange

false

boolean

declare (common)

If the option is true, camel declare the exchange and queue name and bind them together. If the option is false, camel won’t declare the exchange and queue name on the server.

true

boolean

deadLetterExchange (common)

The name of the dead letter exchange

String

deadLetterQueue (common)

The name of the dead letter queue

String

deadLetterRoutingKey (common)

The routing key for the dead letter exchange

String

deadLetterExchangeType (common)

The type of the dead letter exchange

direct

String

allowNullHeaders (producer)

Allow pass null values to header

false

boolean

basicPropertyBinding (advanced)

Whether the component should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

boolean

lazyStartProducer (producer)

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

boolean

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

boolean

The RabbitMQ endpoint is configured using URI syntax:

rabbitmq:exchangeName

with the following path and query parameters:

Path Parameters (1 parameters):

Name Description Default Type

exchangeName

Required The exchange name determines which exchange produced messages will sent to. In the case of consumers, the exchange name determines which exchange the queue will bind to.

String

Query Parameters (59 parameters):

Name Description Default Type

addresses (common)

If this option is set, camel-rabbitmq will try to create connection based on the setting of option addresses. The addresses value is a string which looks like server1:12345, server2:12345

String

autoDelete (common)

If it is true, the exchange will be deleted when it is no longer in use

true

boolean

automaticRecoveryEnabled (common)

Enables connection automatic recovery (uses connection implementation that performs automatic recovery when existing connection has failures)

true

Boolean

connectionFactory (common)

To use a custom RabbitMQ connection factory. When this option is set, all connection options (connectionTimeout, requestedChannelMax…​) set on URI are not used

ConnectionFactory

deadLetterExchange (common)

The name of the dead letter exchange

String

deadLetterExchangeType (common)

The type of the dead letter exchange

direct

String

deadLetterQueue (common)

The name of the dead letter queue

String

deadLetterRoutingKey (common)

The routing key for the dead letter exchange

String

declare (common)

If the option is true, camel declare the exchange and queue name and bind them together. If the option is false, camel won’t declare the exchange and queue name on the server.

true

boolean

durable (common)

If we are declaring a durable exchange (the exchange will survive a server restart)

true

boolean

exchangeType (common)

The exchange type such as direct or topic.

direct

String

exclusive (common)

Exclusive queues may only be accessed by the current connection, and are deleted when that connection closes.

false

boolean

hostname (common)

The hostname of the running rabbitmq instance or cluster.

String

passive (common)

Passive queues depend on the queue already to be available at RabbitMQ.

false

boolean

portNumber (common)

Port number for the host with the running rabbitmq instance or cluster. Default value is 5672.

int

queue (common)

The queue to receive messages from

String

routingKey (common)

The routing key to use when binding a consumer queue to the exchange. For producer routing keys, you set the header rabbitmq.ROUTING_KEY.

String

skipExchangeDeclare (common)

This can be used if we need to declare the queue but not the exchange

false

boolean

skipQueueBind (common)

If true the queue will not be bound to the exchange after declaring it

false

boolean

skipQueueDeclare (common)

If true the producer will not declare and bind a queue. This can be used for directing messages via an existing routing key.

false

boolean

vhost (common)

The vhost for the channel

/

String

autoAck (consumer)

If messages should be auto acknowledged

true

boolean

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

boolean

concurrentConsumers (consumer)

Number of concurrent consumers when consuming from broker. (eg similar as to the same option for the JMS component).

1

int

exclusiveConsumer (consumer)

Request exclusive access to the queue (meaning only this consumer can access the queue). This is useful when you want a long-lived shared queue to be temporarily accessible by just one consumer.

false

boolean

prefetchCount (consumer)

The maximum number of messages that the server will deliver, 0 if unlimited. You need to specify the option of prefetchSize, prefetchCount, prefetchGlobal at the same time

int

prefetchEnabled (consumer)

Enables the quality of service on the RabbitMQConsumer side. You need to specify the option of prefetchSize, prefetchCount, prefetchGlobal at the same time

false

boolean

prefetchGlobal (consumer)

If the settings should be applied to the entire channel rather than each consumer You need to specify the option of prefetchSize, prefetchCount, prefetchGlobal at the same time

false

boolean

prefetchSize (consumer)

The maximum amount of content (measured in octets) that the server will deliver, 0 if unlimited. You need to specify the option of prefetchSize, prefetchCount, prefetchGlobal at the same time

int

exceptionHandler (consumer)

To let the consumer use a custom ExceptionHandler. Notice if the option bridgeErrorHandler is enabled then this option is not in use. By default the consumer will deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

ExceptionHandler

exchangePattern (consumer)

Sets the exchange pattern when the consumer creates an exchange.

ExchangePattern

threadPoolSize (consumer)

The consumer uses a Thread Pool Executor with a fixed number of threads. This setting allows you to set that number of threads.

10

int

allowNullHeaders (producer)

Allow pass null values to header

false

boolean

bridgeEndpoint (producer)

If the bridgeEndpoint is true, the producer will ignore the message header of rabbitmq.EXCHANGE_NAME and rabbitmq.ROUTING_KEY

false

boolean

channelPoolMaxSize (producer)

Get maximum number of opened channel in pool

10

int

channelPoolMaxWait (producer)

Set the maximum number of milliseconds to wait for a channel from the pool

1000

long

guaranteedDeliveries (producer)

When true, an exception will be thrown when the message cannot be delivered (basic.return) and the message is marked as mandatory. PublisherAcknowledgement will also be activated in this case. See also publisher acknowledgements - When will messages be confirmed.

false

boolean

immediate (producer)

This flag tells the server how to react if the message cannot be routed to a queue consumer immediately. If this flag is set, the server will return an undeliverable message with a Return method. If this flag is zero, the server will queue the message, but with no guarantee that it will ever be consumed. If the header is present rabbitmq.IMMEDIATE it will override this option.

false

boolean

lazyStartProducer (producer)

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

boolean

mandatory (producer)

This flag tells the server how to react if the message cannot be routed to a queue. If this flag is set, the server will return an unroutable message with a Return method. If this flag is zero, the server silently drops the message. If the header is present rabbitmq.MANDATORY it will override this option.

false

boolean

publisherAcknowledgements (producer)

When true, the message will be published with publisher acknowledgements turned on

false

boolean

publisherAcknowledgements Timeout (producer)

The amount of time in milliseconds to wait for a basic.ack response from RabbitMQ server

long

args (advanced)

Specify arguments for configuring the different RabbitMQ concepts, a different prefix is required for each: Exchange: arg.exchange. Queue: arg.queue. Binding: arg.binding. For example to declare a queue with message ttl argument: http://localhost:5672/exchange/queueargs=arg.queue.x-message-ttl=60000

Map

basicPropertyBinding (advanced)

Whether the endpoint should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

boolean

clientProperties (advanced)

Connection client properties (client info used in negotiating with the server)

Map

connectionTimeout (advanced)

Connection timeout

60000

int

networkRecoveryInterval (advanced)

Network recovery interval in milliseconds (interval used when recovering from network failure)

5000

Integer

requestedChannelMax (advanced)

Connection requested channel max (max number of channels offered)

2047

int

requestedFrameMax (advanced)

Connection requested frame max (max size of frame offered)

0

int

requestedHeartbeat (advanced)

Connection requested heartbeat (heart-beat in seconds offered)

60

int

requestTimeout (advanced)

Set timeout for waiting for a reply when using the InOut Exchange Pattern (in milliseconds)

20000

long

requestTimeoutChecker Interval (advanced)

Set requestTimeoutCheckerInterval for inOut exchange

1000

long

synchronous (advanced)

Sets whether synchronous processing should be strictly used, or Camel is allowed to use asynchronous processing (if supported).

false

boolean

topologyRecoveryEnabled (advanced)

Enables connection topology recovery (should topology recovery be performed)

Boolean

transferException (advanced)

When true and an inOut Exchange failed on the consumer side send the caused Exception back in the response

false

boolean

password (security)

Password for authenticated access

guest

String

sslProtocol (security)

Enables SSL on connection, accepted value are true, TLS and 'SSLv3

String

trustManager (security)

Configure SSL trust manager, SSL should be enabled for this option to be effective

TrustManager

username (security)

Username in case of authenticated access

guest

String

Spring Boot Auto-Configuration

When using Spring Boot make sure to use the following Maven dependency to have support for auto configuration:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.camel.springboot</groupId>
  <artifactId>camel-rabbitmq-starter</artifactId>
  <version>x.x.x</version>
  <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

The component supports 53 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

camel.component.rabbitmq.addresses

If this option is set, camel-rabbitmq will try to create connection based on the setting of option addresses. The addresses value is a string which looks like server1:12345, server2:12345

String

camel.component.rabbitmq.allow-null-headers

Allow pass null values to header

false

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.args

Specify arguments for configuring the different RabbitMQ concepts, a different prefix is required for each: Exchange: arg.exchange. Queue: arg.queue. Binding: arg.binding. For example to declare a queue with message ttl argument: http://localhost:5672/exchange/queueargs=arg.queue.x-message-ttl=60000

Map

camel.component.rabbitmq.auto-ack

If messages should be auto acknowledged

true

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.auto-delete

If it is true, the exchange will be deleted when it is no longer in use

true

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.auto-detect-connection-factory

Whether to auto-detect looking up RabbitMQ connection factory from the registry. When enabled and a single instance of the connection factory is found then it will be used. An explicit connection factory can be configured on the component or endpoint level which takes precedence.

true

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.automatic-recovery-enabled

Enables connection automatic recovery (uses connection implementation that performs automatic recovery when connection shutdown is not initiated by the application)

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.basic-property-binding

Whether the component should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.bridge-error-handler

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.channel-pool-max-size

Get maximum number of opened channel in pool

10

Integer

camel.component.rabbitmq.channel-pool-max-wait

Set the maximum number of milliseconds to wait for a channel from the pool

1000

Long

camel.component.rabbitmq.client-properties

Connection client properties (client info used in negotiating with the server)

Map

camel.component.rabbitmq.connection-factory

To use a custom RabbitMQ connection factory. When this option is set, all connection options (connectionTimeout, requestedChannelMax…​) set on URI are not used. The option is a com.rabbitmq.client.ConnectionFactory type.

String

camel.component.rabbitmq.connection-timeout

Connection timeout

60000

Integer

camel.component.rabbitmq.dead-letter-exchange

The name of the dead letter exchange

String

camel.component.rabbitmq.dead-letter-exchange-type

The type of the dead letter exchange

direct

String

camel.component.rabbitmq.dead-letter-queue

The name of the dead letter queue

String

camel.component.rabbitmq.dead-letter-routing-key

The routing key for the dead letter exchange

String

camel.component.rabbitmq.declare

If the option is true, camel declare the exchange and queue name and bind them together. If the option is false, camel won’t declare the exchange and queue name on the server.

true

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.durable

If we are declaring a durable exchange (the exchange will survive a server restart)

true

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the rabbitmq component. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.exclusive

Exclusive queues may only be accessed by the current connection, and are deleted when that connection closes.

false

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.exclusive-consumer

Request exclusive access to the queue (meaning only this consumer can access the queue). This is useful when you want a long-lived shared queue to be temporarily accessible by just one consumer.

false

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.guaranteed-deliveries

When true, an exception will be thrown when the message cannot be delivered (basic.return) and the message is marked as mandatory. PublisherAcknowledgement will also be activated in this case. See also publisher acknowledgements - When will messages be confirmed.

false

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.hostname

The hostname of the running RabbitMQ instance or cluster.

String

camel.component.rabbitmq.immediate

This flag tells the server how to react if the message cannot be routed to a queue consumer immediately. If this flag is set, the server will return an undeliverable message with a Return method. If this flag is zero, the server will queue the message, but with no guarantee that it will ever be consumed. If the header is present rabbitmq.IMMEDIATE it will override this option.

false

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.lazy-start-producer

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.mandatory

This flag tells the server how to react if the message cannot be routed to a queue. If this flag is set, the server will return an unroutable message with a Return method. If this flag is zero, the server silently drops the message. If the header is present rabbitmq.MANDATORY it will override this option.

false

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.network-recovery-interval

Network recovery interval in milliseconds (interval used when recovering from network failure)

5000

Integer

camel.component.rabbitmq.passive

Passive queues depend on the queue already to be available at RabbitMQ.

false

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.password

Password for authenticated access

guest

String

camel.component.rabbitmq.port-number

Port number for the host with the running rabbitmq instance or cluster.

5672

Integer

camel.component.rabbitmq.prefetch-count

The maximum number of messages that the server will deliver, 0 if unlimited. You need to specify the option of prefetchSize, prefetchCount, prefetchGlobal at the same time

Integer

camel.component.rabbitmq.prefetch-enabled

Enables the quality of service on the RabbitMQConsumer side. You need to specify the option of prefetchSize, prefetchCount, prefetchGlobal at the same time

false

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.prefetch-global

If the settings should be applied to the entire channel rather than each consumer You need to specify the option of prefetchSize, prefetchCount, prefetchGlobal at the same time

false

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.prefetch-size

The maximum amount of content (measured in octets) that the server will deliver, 0 if unlimited. You need to specify the option of prefetchSize, prefetchCount, prefetchGlobal at the same time

Integer

camel.component.rabbitmq.publisher-acknowledgements

When true, the message will be published with publisher acknowledgements turned on

false

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.publisher-acknowledgements-timeout

The amount of time in milliseconds to wait for a basic.ack response from RabbitMQ server

Long

camel.component.rabbitmq.request-timeout

Set timeout for waiting for a reply when using the InOut Exchange Pattern (in milliseconds)

20000

Long

camel.component.rabbitmq.request-timeout-checker-interval

Set requestTimeoutCheckerInterval for inOut exchange

1000

Long

camel.component.rabbitmq.requested-channel-max

Connection requested channel max (max number of channels offered)

2047

Integer

camel.component.rabbitmq.requested-frame-max

Connection requested frame max (max size of frame offered)

0

Integer

camel.component.rabbitmq.requested-heartbeat

Connection requested heartbeat (heart-beat in seconds offered)

60

Integer

camel.component.rabbitmq.skip-exchange-declare

This can be used if we need to declare the queue but not the exchange

false

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.skip-queue-bind

If true the queue will not be bound to the exchange after declaring it

false

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.skip-queue-declare

If true the producer will not declare and bind a queue. This can be used for directing messages via an existing routing key.

false

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.ssl-protocol

Enables SSL on connection, accepted value are true, TLS and 'SSLv3

String

camel.component.rabbitmq.thread-pool-size

The consumer uses a Thread Pool Executor with a fixed number of threads. This setting allows you to set that number of threads.

10

Integer

camel.component.rabbitmq.topology-recovery-enabled

Enables connection topology recovery (should topology recovery be performed)

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.transfer-exception

When true and an inOut Exchange failed on the consumer side send the caused Exception back in the response

false

Boolean

camel.component.rabbitmq.trust-manager

Configure SSL trust manager, SSL should be enabled for this option to be effective. The option is a javax.net.ssl.TrustManager type.

String

camel.component.rabbitmq.username

Username in case of authenticated access

guest

String

camel.component.rabbitmq.vhost

The vhost for the channel

/

String

See http://www.rabbitmq.com/releases/rabbitmq-java-client/current-javadoc/com/rabbitmq/client/ConnectionFactory.html and the AMQP specification for more information on connection options.

Using connection factory

To connect to RabbitMQ you can setup a ConnectionFactory (same as with JMS) with the login details such as:

<bean id="rabbitConnectionFactory" class="com.rabbitmq.client.ConnectionFactory">
  <property name="host" value="localhost"/>
  <property name="port" value="5672"/>
  <property name="username" value="camel"/>
  <property name="password" value="bugsbunny"/>
</bean>

And then refer to the connection factory in the endpoint uri as shown below:

<camelContext>
  <route>
    <from uri="direct:rabbitMQEx2"/>
    <to uri="rabbitmq:ex2?connectionFactory=#rabbitConnectionFactory"/>
  </route>
</camelContext>

The ConnectionFactory is auto-detected by default, so you can just do

<camelContext>
  <route>
    <from uri="direct:rabbitMQEx2"/>
    <to uri="rabbitmq:ex2"/>
  </route>
</camelContext>

Message Headers

The following headers are set on exchanges when consuming messages.

Property Value

rabbitmq.ROUTING_KEY

The routing key that was used to receive the message, or the routing key that will be used when producing a message

rabbitmq.EXCHANGE_NAME

The exchange the message was received from

rabbitmq.DELIVERY_TAG

The rabbitmq delivery tag of the received message

rabbitmq.REDELIVERY_TAG

Whether the message is a redelivered

rabbitmq.REQUEUE

This is used by the consumer to control rejection of the message. When the consumer is complete processing the exchange, and if the exchange failed, then the consumer is going to reject the message from the RabbitMQ broker. The value of this header controls this behavior. If the value is false (by default) then the message is discarded/dead-lettered. If the value is true, then the message is re-queued.

The following headers are used by the producer. If these are set on the camel exchange then they will be set on the RabbitMQ message.

Property Value

rabbitmq.ROUTING_KEY

The routing key that will be used when sending the message

rabbitmq.EXCHANGE_NAME

The exchange the message was received from

rabbitmq.EXCHANGE_OVERRIDE_NAME

Used for force sending the message to this exchange instead of the endpoint configured name on the producer

rabbitmq.CONTENT_TYPE

The contentType to set on the RabbitMQ message

rabbitmq.PRIORITY

The priority header to set on the RabbitMQ message

rabbitmq.CORRELATIONID

The correlationId to set on the RabbitMQ message

rabbitmq.MESSAGE_ID

The message id to set on the RabbitMQ message

rabbitmq.DELIVERY_MODE

If the message should be persistent or not

rabbitmq.USERID

The userId to set on the RabbitMQ message

rabbitmq.CLUSTERID

The clusterId to set on the RabbitMQ message

rabbitmq.REPLY_TO

The replyTo to set on the RabbitMQ message

rabbitmq.CONTENT_ENCODING

The contentEncoding to set on the RabbitMQ message

rabbitmq.TYPE

The type to set on the RabbitMQ message

rabbitmq.EXPIRATION

The expiration to set on the RabbitMQ message

rabbitmq.TIMESTAMP

The timestamp to set on the RabbitMQ message

rabbitmq.APP_ID

The appId to set on the RabbitMQ message

Headers are set by the consumer once the message is received. The producer will also set the headers for downstream processors once the exchange has taken place. Any headers set prior to production that the producer sets will be overridden.

Message Body

The component will use the camel exchange in body as the rabbit mq message body. The camel exchange in object must be convertible to a byte array. Otherwise the producer will throw an exception of unsupported body type.

Samples

To receive messages from a queue that is bound to an exchange A with the routing key B,

from("rabbitmq:A?routingKey=B")
  .to("log:cheese");

To receive messages from a queue with a single thread with auto acknowledge disabled.

from("rabbitmq:A?routingKey=B&threadPoolSize=1&autoAck=false")
  .to("log:cheese");

To send messages to an exchange called C

from("direct:foo")
  .to("rabbitmq:C");

Declaring a headers exchange and queue

from("rabbitmq:ex?exchangeType=headers&queue=q&bindingArgs=#bindArgs")
  .to("log:cheese");

and place corresponding Map<String, Object> with the id of "bindArgs" in the Registry.

For example declaring a method in Spring

@Bean(name = "bindArgs")
public Map<String, Object> bindArgsBuilder() {
    return Collections.singletonMap("foo", "bar");
}