Atmosphere Websocket Component

Since Camel 2.14

Both producer and consumer is supported

The Atmosphere-Websocket component provides Websocket based endpoints for a servlet communicating with external clients over Websocket (as a servlet accepting websocket connections from external clients).
The component uses the SERVLET component and uses the Atmosphere library to support the Websocket transport in various Servlet containers (e..g., Jetty, Tomcat, …​).

Unlike the Websocket component that starts the embedded Jetty server, this component uses the servlet provider of the container.

Maven users will need to add the following dependency to their pom.xml for this component:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
    <artifactId>camel-atmosphere-websocket</artifactId>
    <version>x.x.x</version>
    <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

Atmosphere-Websocket Options

The Atmosphere Websocket component supports 11 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

servletName (consumer)

Default name of servlet to use. The default name is CamelServlet.

CamelServlet

String

httpRegistry (consumer)

To use a custom org.apache.camel.component.servlet.HttpRegistry.

HttpRegistry

attachmentMultipart Binding (consumer)

Whether to automatic bind multipart/form-data as attachments on the Camel Exchange. The options attachmentMultipartBinding=true and disableStreamCache=false cannot work together. Remove disableStreamCache to use AttachmentMultipartBinding. This is turn off by default as this may require servlet specific configuration to enable this when using Servlet’s.

false

boolean

fileNameExtWhitelist (consumer)

Whitelist of accepted filename extensions for accepting uploaded files. Multiple extensions can be separated by comma, such as txt,xml.

String

httpBinding (advanced)

To use a custom HttpBinding to control the mapping between Camel message and HttpClient.

HttpBinding

httpConfiguration (advanced)

To use the shared HttpConfiguration as base configuration.

HttpConfiguration

allowJavaSerialized Object (advanced)

Whether to allow java serialization when a request uses context-type=application/x-java-serialized-object. This is by default turned off. If you enable this then be aware that Java will deserialize the incoming data from the request to Java and that can be a potential security risk.

false

boolean

headerFilterStrategy (filter)

To use a custom org.apache.camel.spi.HeaderFilterStrategy to filter header to and from Camel message.

HeaderFilterStrategy

basicPropertyBinding (advanced)

Whether the component should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

boolean

lazyStartProducer (producer)

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

boolean

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

boolean

The Atmosphere Websocket endpoint is configured using URI syntax:

atmosphere-websocket:servicePath

with the following path and query parameters:

Path Parameters (1 parameters):

Name Description Default Type

servicePath

Required Name of websocket endpoint

String

Query Parameters (26 parameters):

Name Description Default Type

sendToAll (common)

Whether to send to all (broadcast) or send to a single receiver.

false

boolean

useStreaming (common)

To enable streaming to send data as multiple text fragments.

false

boolean

disableStreamCache (common)

Determines whether or not the raw input stream from Servlet is cached or not (Camel will read the stream into a in memory/overflow to file, Stream caching) cache. By default Camel will cache the Servlet input stream to support reading it multiple times to ensure it Camel can retrieve all data from the stream. However you can set this option to true when you for example need to access the raw stream, such as streaming it directly to a file or other persistent store. DefaultHttpBinding will copy the request input stream into a stream cache and put it into message body if this option is false to support reading the stream multiple times. If you use Servlet to bridge/proxy an endpoint then consider enabling this option to improve performance, in case you do not need to read the message payload multiple times. The http producer will by default cache the response body stream. If setting this option to true, then the producers will not cache the response body stream but use the response stream as-is as the message body.

false

boolean

headerFilterStrategy (common)

To use a custom HeaderFilterStrategy to filter header to and from Camel message.

HeaderFilterStrategy

httpBinding (common)

To use a custom HttpBinding to control the mapping between Camel message and HttpClient.

HttpBinding

async (consumer)

Configure the consumer to work in async mode

false

boolean

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

boolean

chunked (consumer)

If this option is false the Servlet will disable the HTTP streaming and set the content-length header on the response

true

boolean

httpMethodRestrict (consumer)

Used to only allow consuming if the HttpMethod matches, such as GET/POST/PUT etc. Multiple methods can be specified separated by comma.

String

matchOnUriPrefix (consumer)

Whether or not the consumer should try to find a target consumer by matching the URI prefix if no exact match is found.

false

boolean

muteException (consumer)

If enabled and an Exchange failed processing on the consumer side the response’s body won’t contain the exception’s stack trace.

false

boolean

responseBufferSize (consumer)

To use a custom buffer size on the javax.servlet.ServletResponse.

Integer

servletName (consumer)

Name of the servlet to use

CamelServlet

String

transferException (consumer)

If enabled and an Exchange failed processing on the consumer side, and if the caused Exception was send back serialized in the response as a application/x-java-serialized-object content type. On the producer side the exception will be deserialized and thrown as is, instead of the HttpOperationFailedException. The caused exception is required to be serialized. This is by default turned off. If you enable this then be aware that Java will deserialize the incoming data from the request to Java and that can be a potential security risk.

false

boolean

attachmentMultipartBinding (consumer)

Whether to automatic bind multipart/form-data as attachments on the Camel Exchange. The options attachmentMultipartBinding=true and disableStreamCache=false cannot work together. Remove disableStreamCache to use AttachmentMultipartBinding. This is turn off by default as this may require servlet specific configuration to enable this when using Servlet’s.

false

boolean

eagerCheckContentAvailable (consumer)

Whether to eager check whether the HTTP requests has content if the content-length header is 0 or not present. This can be turned on in case HTTP clients do not send streamed data.

false

boolean

exceptionHandler (consumer)

To let the consumer use a custom ExceptionHandler. Notice if the option bridgeErrorHandler is enabled then this option is not in use. By default the consumer will deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

ExceptionHandler

exchangePattern (consumer)

Sets the exchange pattern when the consumer creates an exchange.

ExchangePattern

fileNameExtWhitelist (consumer)

Whitelist of accepted filename extensions for accepting uploaded files. Multiple extensions can be separated by comma, such as txt,xml.

String

optionsEnabled (consumer)

Specifies whether to enable HTTP OPTIONS for this Servlet consumer. By default OPTIONS is turned off.

false

boolean

traceEnabled (consumer)

Specifies whether to enable HTTP TRACE for this Servlet consumer. By default TRACE is turned off.

false

boolean

basicPropertyBinding (advanced)

Whether the endpoint should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

boolean

mapHttpMessageBody (advanced)

If this option is true then IN exchange Body of the exchange will be mapped to HTTP body. Setting this to false will avoid the HTTP mapping.

true

boolean

mapHttpMessageFormUrl EncodedBody (advanced)

If this option is true then IN exchange Form Encoded body of the exchange will be mapped to HTTP. Setting this to false will avoid the HTTP Form Encoded body mapping.

true

boolean

mapHttpMessageHeaders (advanced)

If this option is true then IN exchange Headers of the exchange will be mapped to HTTP headers. Setting this to false will avoid the HTTP Headers mapping.

true

boolean

synchronous (advanced)

Sets whether synchronous processing should be strictly used, or Camel is allowed to use asynchronous processing (if supported).

false

boolean

Spring Boot Auto-Configuration

When using Spring Boot make sure to use the following Maven dependency to have support for auto configuration:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.camel.springboot</groupId>
  <artifactId>camel-atmosphere-websocket-starter</artifactId>
  <version>x.x.x</version>
  <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

The component supports 12 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

camel.component.atmosphere-websocket.allow-java-serialized-object

Whether to allow java serialization when a request uses context-type=application/x-java-serialized-object. This is by default turned off. If you enable this then be aware that Java will deserialize the incoming data from the request to Java and that can be a potential security risk.

false

Boolean

camel.component.atmosphere-websocket.attachment-multipart-binding

Whether to automatic bind multipart/form-data as attachments on the Camel Exchange. The options attachmentMultipartBinding=true and disableStreamCache=false cannot work together. Remove disableStreamCache to use AttachmentMultipartBinding. This is turn off by default as this may require servlet specific configuration to enable this when using Servlet’s.

false

Boolean

camel.component.atmosphere-websocket.basic-property-binding

Whether the component should use basic property binding (Camel 2.x) or the newer property binding with additional capabilities

false

Boolean

camel.component.atmosphere-websocket.bridge-error-handler

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

Boolean

camel.component.atmosphere-websocket.enabled

Whether to enable auto configuration of the atmosphere-websocket component. This is enabled by default.

Boolean

camel.component.atmosphere-websocket.file-name-ext-whitelist

Whitelist of accepted filename extensions for accepting uploaded files. Multiple extensions can be separated by comma, such as txt,xml.

String

camel.component.atmosphere-websocket.header-filter-strategy

To use a custom org.apache.camel.spi.HeaderFilterStrategy to filter header to and from Camel message. The option is a org.apache.camel.spi.HeaderFilterStrategy type.

String

camel.component.atmosphere-websocket.http-binding

To use a custom HttpBinding to control the mapping between Camel message and HttpClient. The option is a org.apache.camel.http.common.HttpBinding type.

String

camel.component.atmosphere-websocket.http-configuration

To use the shared HttpConfiguration as base configuration. The option is a org.apache.camel.http.common.HttpConfiguration type.

String

camel.component.atmosphere-websocket.http-registry

To use a custom org.apache.camel.component.servlet.HttpRegistry. The option is a org.apache.camel.component.servlet.HttpRegistry type.

String

camel.component.atmosphere-websocket.lazy-start-producer

Whether the producer should be started lazy (on the first message). By starting lazy you can use this to allow CamelContext and routes to startup in situations where a producer may otherwise fail during starting and cause the route to fail being started. By deferring this startup to be lazy then the startup failure can be handled during routing messages via Camel’s routing error handlers. Beware that when the first message is processed then creating and starting the producer may take a little time and prolong the total processing time of the processing.

false

Boolean

camel.component.atmosphere-websocket.servlet-name

Default name of servlet to use. The default name is CamelServlet.

CamelServlet

String

URI Format

atmosphere-websocket:///relative path[?options]

Reading and Writing Data over Websocket

An atmopshere-websocket endpoint can either write data to the socket or read from the socket, depending on whether the endpoint is configured as the producer or the consumer, respectively.

Configuring URI to Read or Write Data

In the route below, Camel will read from the specified websocket connection.

from("atmosphere-websocket:///servicepath")
        .to("direct:next");

And the equivalent Spring sample:

<camelContext xmlns="http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring">
  <route>
    <from uri="atmosphere-websocket:///servicepath"/>
    <to uri="direct:next"/>
  </route>
</camelContext>

In the route below, Camel will read from the specified websocket connection.

from("direct:next")
        .to("atmosphere-websocket:///servicepath");

And the equivalent Spring sample:

<camelContext xmlns="http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring">
  <route>
    <from uri="direct:next"/>
    <to uri="atmosphere-websocket:///servicepath"/>
  </route>
</camelContext>