Tar File DataFormat

Available as of Camel version 2.16

The Tar File Data Format is a message compression and de-compression format. Messages can be marshalled (compressed) to Tar Files containing a single entry, and Tar Files containing a single entry can be unmarshalled (decompressed) to the original file contents.

There is also a aggregation strategy that can aggregate multiple messages into a single Tar File.

TarFile Options

The Tar File dataformat supports 4 options, which are listed below.

Name Default Java Type Description

usingIterator

false

Boolean

If the tar file has more then one entry, the setting this option to true, allows to work with the splitter EIP, to split the data using an iterator in a streaming mode.

allowEmptyDirectory

false

Boolean

If the tar file has more then one entry, setting this option to true, allows to get the iterator even if the directory is empty

preservePathElements

false

Boolean

If the file name contains path elements, setting this option to true, allows the path to be maintained in the tar file.

contentTypeHeader

false

Boolean

Whether the data format should set the Content-Type header with the type from the data format if the data format is capable of doing so. For example application/xml for data formats marshalling to XML, or application/json for data formats marshalling to JSon etc.

Spring Boot Auto-Configuration

When using Spring Boot make sure to use the following Maven dependency to have support for auto configuration:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
  <artifactId>camel-tarfile-starter</artifactId>
  <version>x.x.x</version>
  <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

The component supports 5 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type

camel.dataformat.tarfile.allow-empty-directory

If the tar file has more then one entry, setting this option to true, allows to get the iterator even if the directory is empty

false

Boolean

camel.dataformat.tarfile.content-type-header

Whether the data format should set the Content-Type header with the type from the data format if the data format is capable of doing so. For example application/xml for data formats marshalling to XML, or application/json for data formats marshalling to JSon etc.

false

Boolean

camel.dataformat.tarfile.enabled

Enable tarfile dataformat

true

Boolean

camel.dataformat.tarfile.preserve-path-elements

If the file name contains path elements, setting this option to true, allows the path to be maintained in the tar file.

false

Boolean

camel.dataformat.tarfile.using-iterator

If the tar file has more then one entry, the setting this option to true, allows to work with the splitter EIP, to split the data using an iterator in a streaming mode.

false

Boolean

ND

Marshal

In this example we marshal a regular text/XML payload to a compressed payload using Tar File compression, and send it to an ActiveMQ queue called MY_QUEUE.

from("direct:start").marshal().tarFile().to("activemq:queue:MY_QUEUE");

The name of the Tar entry inside the created Tar File is based on the incoming CamelFileName message header, which is the standard message header used by the file component. Additionally, the outgoing CamelFileName message header is automatically set to the value of the incoming CamelFileName message header, with the ".tar" suffix. So for example, if the following route finds a file named "test.txt" in the input directory, the output will be a Tar File named "test.txt.tar" containing a single Tar entry named "test.txt":

from("file:input/directory?antInclude=*/.txt").marshal().tarFile().to("file:output/directory");

If there is no incoming CamelFileName message header (for example, if the file component is not the consumer), then the message ID is used by default, and since the message ID is normally a unique generated ID, you will end up with filenames like ID-MACHINENAME-2443-1211718892437-1-0.tar. If you want to override this behavior, then you can set the value of the CamelFileName header explicitly in your route:

from("direct:start").setHeader(Exchange.FILE_NAME, constant("report.txt")).marshal().tarFile().to("file:output/directory");

This route would result in a Tar File named "report.txt.tar" in the output directory, containing a single Tar entry named "report.txt".

Unmarshal

In this example we unmarshal a Tar File payload from an ActiveMQ queue called MY_QUEUE to its original format, and forward it for processing to the UnTarpedMessageProcessor.

from("activemq:queue:MY_QUEUE").unmarshal().tarFile().process(new UnTarpedMessageProcessor());

If the Tar File has more then one entry, the usingIterator option of TarFileDataFormat to be true, and you can use splitter to do the further work.

  TarFileDataFormat tarFile = new TarFileDataFormat();
  tarFile.setUsingIterator(true);
  from("file:src/test/resources/org/apache/camel/dataformat/tarfile/?consumer.delay=1000&noop=true")
    .unmarshal(tarFile)
    .split(body(Iterator.class))
        .streaming()
          .process(new UnTarpedMessageProcessor())
    .end();

Or you can use the TarSplitter as an expression for splitter directly like this

   from("file:src/test/resources/org/apache/camel/dataformat/tarfile?consumer.delay=1000&noop=true")
     .split(new TarSplitter())
        .streaming()
        .process(new UnTarpedMessageProcessor())
     .end();

Aggregate

INFO:Please note that this aggregation strategy requires eager completion check to work properly.

In this example we aggregate all text files found in the input directory into a single Tar File that is stored in the output directory.

   from("file:input/directory?antInclude=*/.txt")
     .aggregate(new TarAggregationStrategy())
       .constant(true)
       .completionFromBatchConsumer()
       .eagerCheckCompletion()
   .to("file:output/directory");

The outgoing CamelFileName message header is created using java.io.File.createTempFile, with the ".tar" suffix. If you want to override this behavior, then you can set the value of the CamelFileName header explicitly in your route:

   from("file:input/directory?antInclude=*/.txt")
     .aggregate(new TarAggregationStrategy())
       .constant(true)
       .completionFromBatchConsumer()
       .eagerCheckCompletion()
     .setHeader(Exchange.FILE_NAME, constant("reports.tar"))
   .to("file:output/directory");

Dependencies

To use Tar Files in your camel routes you need to add a dependency on camel-tarfile which implements this data format.

If you use Maven you can just add the following to your pom.xml, substituting the version number for the latest & greatest release (see the download page for the latest versions).

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
  <artifactId>camel-tarfile</artifactId>
  <version>x.x.x</version>
  <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>