Camel Context

Since Camel 2.7

The context component allows you to create new Camel Components from a CamelContext with a number of routes which is then treated as a black box, allowing you to refer to the local endpoints within the component from other CamelContexts.

It is similar to the Routebox component in idea, though the Context component tries to be really simple for end users; just a simple convention over configuration approach to refer to local endpoints inside the CamelContext Component.

Maven users will need to add the following dependency to their pom.xml for this component:

    <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->

URI format


Or you can omit the "context:" prefix.


The Camel Context component has no options.

The Camel Context endpoint is configured using URI syntax:


with the following path and query parameters:

Path Parameters (2 parameters):

Name Description Default Type


Required Is the ID you used to register the CamelContext into the Registry.



Required Can be a valid Camel URI evaluated within the black box CamelContext. Or it can be a logical name which is mapped to any local endpoints. For example if you locally have endpoints like direct:invoices and seda:purchaseOrders inside a CamelContext of id supplyChain, then you can just use the URIs supplyChain:invoices or supplyChain:purchaseOrders to omit the physical endpoint kind and use pure logical URIs.


Query Parameters (4 parameters):

Name Description Default Type

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.



exceptionHandler (consumer)

To let the consumer use a custom ExceptionHandler. Notice if the option bridgeErrorHandler is enabled then this option is not in use. By default the consumer will deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.


exchangePattern (consumer)

Sets the exchange pattern when the consumer creates an exchange.


synchronous (advanced)

Sets whether synchronous processing should be strictly used, or Camel is allowed to use asynchronous processing (if supported).



Spring Boot Auto-Configuration

When using Spring Boot make sure to use the following Maven dependency to have support for auto configuration:

  <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->

The component supports 2 options, which are listed below.

Name Description Default Type


Enable context component




Whether the component should resolve property placeholders on itself when starting. Only properties which are of String type can use property placeholders.



You can append query options to the URI in the following format, ?option=value&option=value&…​


In this example we’ll create a black box context, then we’ll use it from another CamelContext.

Defining the context component

First you need to create a CamelContext, add some routes in it, start it and then register the CamelContext into the Registry (JNDI, Spring, Guice or OSGi etc).

This can be done in the usual Camel way from this test case (see the createRegistry() method); this example shows Java and JNDI being used…​

// lets create our black box as a camel context and a set of routes
DefaultCamelContext blackBox = new DefaultCamelContext(registry);
blackBox.addRoutes(new RouteBuilder() {
    public void configure() throws Exception {
        // receive purchase orders, lets process it in some way then send an invoice
        // to our invoice endpoint

registry.bind("accounts", blackBox);

Notice in the above route we are using pure local endpoints (direct and seda). Also note we expose this CamelContext using the accounts ID. We can do the same thing in Spring via

<camelContext id="accounts" xmlns="">
    <from uri="direct:purchaseOrder"/>
    <to uri="direct:invoice"/>

Using the context component

Then in another CamelContext we can then refer to this "accounts black box" by just sending to accounts:purchaseOrder and consuming from accounts:invoice.

If you prefer to be more verbose and explicit you could use context:accounts:purchaseOrder or even context:accounts:direct://purchaseOrder if you prefer. But using logical endpoint URIs is preferred as it hides the implementation detail and provides a simple logical naming scheme.

For example if we wish to then expose this accounts black box on some middleware (outside of the black box) we can do things like…​

<camelContext xmlns="">
    <!-- consume from an ActiveMQ into the black box -->
    <from uri="activemq:Accounts.PurchaseOrders"/>
    <to uri="accounts:purchaseOrders"/>
    <!-- lets send invoices from the black box to a different ActiveMQ Queue -->
    <from uri="accounts:invoice"/>
    <to uri="activemq:UK.Accounts.Invoices"/>

Naming endpoints

A context component instance can have many public input and output endpoints that can be accessed from outside it’s CamelContext. When there are many it is recommended that you use logical names for them to hide the middleware as shown above.

However when there is only one input, output or error/dead letter endpoint in a component we recommend using the common posix shell names in, out and err