Testing is a crucial part of any development or integration work. The Spring Framework offers a number of features that makes it easy to test while using Spring for Inversion of Control which works with JUnit 3.x, JUnit 4.x, and TestNG.
We can use Spring for IoC and the Camel Mock and Test endpoints to create sophisticated integration/unit tests that are easy to run and debug inside your IDE. There are three supported approaches for testing with Spring in Camel.
org.apache.camel.test.CamelSpringTestSupport, org.apache.camel.test.junit4.CamelSpringTestSupport, and org.apache.camel.testng.CamelSpringTestSupport extend their non-Spring aware counterparts (org.apache.camel.test.CamelTestSupport, org.apache.camel.test.junit4.CamelTestSupport, and org.apache.camel.testng.CamelTestSupport) and deliver integration with Spring into your test classes. Instead of instantiating the CamelContext and routes programmatically, these classes rely on a Spring context to wire the needed components together. If your test extends one of these classes, you must provide the Spring context by implementing the following method.
You are responsible for the instantiation of the Spring context in the method implementation. All of the features available in the non-Spring aware counterparts from Camel Test are available in your test.
Plain Spring Test
In this approach, your test classes directly inherit from the Spring Test abstract test classes or use the JUnit 4.x test runner provided in Spring Test. This approach supports dependency injection into your test class and the full suite of Spring Test annotations but does not support the features provided by the CamelSpringTestSupport classes.
Plain Spring Test using JUnit 3.x with XML Config Example
Here is a simple unit test using JUnit 3.x support from Spring Test using XML Config.
Notice that we use @DirtiesContext on the test methods to force Spring Testing to automatically reload the CamelContext after each test method - this ensures that the tests don't clash with each other (e.g. one test method sending to an endpoint that is then reused in another test method).
Also notice the use of @ContextConfiguration to indicate that by default we should look for the FilterTest-context.xml on the classpath to configure the test case which looks like this
This test will load a Spring XML configuration file calledFilterTest-context.xml from the classpath in the same package structure as the FilterTest class and initialize it along with any Camel routes we define inside it, then inject theCamelContextinstance into our test case.
For instance, like this maven folder layout:
Plain Spring Test using JUnit 4.x with Java Config Example
This is similar to the XML Config example above except that there is no XML file and instead the nested ContextConfig class does all of the configuration; so your entire test case is contained in a single Java class. We currently have to reference by class name this class in the @ContextConfiguration which is a bit ugly. Please vote for SJC-238 to address this and make Spring Test work more cleanly with Spring JavaConfig.
Plain Spring Test using JUnit 4.x Runner with XML Config
You can avoid extending Spring classes by using the SpringJUnit4ClassRunner provided by Spring Test. This custom JUnit runner means you are free to choose your own class hierarchy while retaining all the capabilities of Spring Test.
Camel Enhanced Spring Test
Using org.apache.camel.test.junit4.CamelSpringJUnit4ClassRunner runner with the @RunWith annotation or extending org.apache.camel.testng.AbstractCamelTestNGSpringContextTests provides the full feature set of Spring Test with support for the feature set provided in the CamelTestSupport classes. A number of Camel specific annotations have been developed in order to provide for declarative manipulation of the Camel context(s) involved in the test. These annotations free your test classes from having to inherit from the CamelSpringTestSupport classes and also reduce the amount of code required to customize the tests.
The following example illustrates the use of the @MockEndpoints annotation in order to setup mock endpoints as interceptors on all endpoints using the Camel Log component and the @DisableJmx annotation to enable JMX which is disabled during tests by default. Note that we still use the @DirtiesContext annotation to ensure that the CamelContext, routes, and mock endpoints are reinitialized between test methods.
Adding more Mock expectations
If you wish to programmatically add any new assertions to your test you can easily do so with the following. Notice how we use @EndpointInject to inject a Camel endpoint into our code then the Mock API to add an expectation on a specific message.
Further processing the received messages
Sometimes once a Mock endpoint has received some messages you want to then process them further to add further assertions that your test case worked as you expect.
So you can then process the received message exchanges if you like...
Sending and receiving messages
It might be that the Enterprise Integration Patterns you have defined in either Spring XML or using the Java DSL do all of the sending and receiving and you might just work with the Mock endpoints as described above. However sometimes in a test case its useful to explicitly send or receive messages directly.
To send or receive messages you should use the Bean Integration mechanism. For example to send messages inject a ProducerTemplate using the @EndpointInject annotation then call the various send methods on this object to send a message to an endpoint. To consume messages use the @MessageDriven annotation on a method to have the method invoked when a message is received.