Scripting Languages

Camel supports a number of scripting languages which can be used to create an Expression or Predicate via the standard JSR 223 which is a standard part of Java 6.

The following scripting languages are integrated into the DSL:

Language

DSL keyword

EL

el

Groovy

groovy

JavaScript

javaScript

JoSQL

sql

JXPath

jxpath

MVEL

mvel

OGNL

ognl

PHP

php

Python

python

Ruby

ruby

XPath

xpath

XQuery

xquery

However any JSR 223 scripting language can be used using the generic DSL methods.

ScriptContext

The JSR-223 scripting languages ScriptContext is pre configured with the following attributes all set at ENGINE_SCOPE:

Attribute

Type

Value

context

org.apache.camel.CamelContext

The Camel Context ( It cannot be used in groovy)

camelContext

org.apache.camel.CamelContext

The Camel Context

exchange

org.apache.camel.Exchange

The current Exchange

request

org.apache.camel.Message

The IN message

response

org.apache.camel.Message

The OUT message

properties

org.apache.camel.builder.script.PropertiesFunction

Camel 2.9: Function with a resolve method to make it easier to use Camels Properties component from scripts. See further below for example.

See Scripting Languages for the list of languages with explicit DSL support.

Additional arguments to ScriptingEngine

Available as of Camel 2.8

You can provide additional arguments to the ScriptingEngine using a header on the Camel message with the key CamelScriptArguments.
See this example:

Using properties function

Available as of Camel 2.9

If you need to use the Properties component from a script to lookup property placeholders, then its a bit cumbersome to do so.
For example to set a header name myHeader with a value from a property placeholder, which key is provided in a header named "foo".

From Camel 2.9 onwards you can now use the properties function and the same example is simpler:

Loading script from external resource

Available as of Camel 2.11

You can externalize the script and have Camel load it from a resource such as "classpath:", "file:", or "http:".
This is done using the following syntax: "resource:scheme:location", eg to refer to a file on the classpath you can do:

Dependencies

To use scripting languages in your camel routes you need to add the a dependency on camel-script which integrates the JSR-223 scripting engine.

If you use maven you could just add the following to your pom.xml, substituting the version number for the latest & greatest release (see the download page for the latest versions).

See Also

© 2004-2014 The Apache Software Foundation.
Apache Camel, Camel, Apache, the Apache feather logo, and the Apache Camel project logo are trademarks of The Apache Software Foundation. All other marks mentioned may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
Graphic Design By Hiram