Log Component

The log: component logs message exchanges to the underlying logging mechanism.

Camel uses sfl4j which allows you to configure logging via, among others:

URI format

Where loggingCategory is the name of the logging category to use. You can append query options to the URI in the following format, ?option=value&option=value&...

Using Logger instance from the the Registry

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As of Camel 2.12.4/2.13.1, if there's single instance of org.slf4j.Logger found in the Registry, the loggingCategory is no longer used to create logger instance. The registered instance is used instead. Also it is possible to reference particular Logger instance using ?logger=#myLogger URI parameter. Eventually, if there's no registered and URI logger parameter, the logger instance is created using loggingCategory.

For example, a log endpoint typically specifies the logging level using the level option, as follows:

The default logger logs every exchange (regular logging). But Camel also ships with the Throughput logger, which is used whenever the groupSize option is specified.

Also a log in the DSL

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There is also a log directly in the DSL, but it has a different purpose. Its meant for lightweight and human logs. See more details at LogEIP.

Options

Option

Default

Type

Description

level

INFO

String

Logging level to use. Possible values: ERROR, WARN, INFO, DEBUG, TRACE, OFF

marker

null

String

Camel 2.9: An optional Marker name to use.

groupSize

null

Integer

An integer that specifies a group size for throughput logging.

groupInterval

null

Integer

If specified will group message stats by this time interval (in millis)

groupDelay

0

Integer

Set the initial delay for stats (in millis)

groupActiveOnly

true

boolean

If true, will hide stats when no new messages have been received for a time interval, if false, show stats regardless of message traffic

logger

 

Logger

Camel 2.12.4/2.13.1: An optional reference to org.slf4j.Logger from Registry to use.

note: groupDelay and groupActiveOnly are only applicable when using groupInterval

Formatting

The log formats the execution of exchanges to log lines.
By default, the log uses LogFormatter to format the log output, where LogFormatter has the following options:

Option

Default

Description

showAll

false

Quick option for turning all options on. (multiline, maxChars has to be manually set if to be used)

showExchangeId

false

Show the unique exchange ID.

showExchangePattern

true

Shows the Message Exchange Pattern (or MEP for short).

showProperties

false

Show the exchange properties.

showHeaders

false

Show the In message headers.

skipBodyLineSeparator

true

Camel 2.12.2: Whether to skip line separators when logging the message body. This allows to log the message body in one line, setting this option to false will preserve any line separators from the body, which then will log the body as is.

showBodyType

true

Show the In body Java type.

showBody

true

Show the In body.

showOut

false

If the exchange has an Out message, show the Out message.

showException

false

If the exchange has an exception, show the exception message (no stack trace).

showCaughtException

false

If the exchange has a caught exception, show the exception message (no stack trace). A caught exception is stored as a property on the exchange (using the key Exchange.EXCEPTION_CAUGHT) and for instance a doCatch can catch exceptions. See Try Catch Finally.

showStackTrace

false

Show the stack trace, if an exchange has an exception. Only effective if one of showAll, showException or showCaughtException are enabled.

showFiles

false

Camel 2.9: Whether Camel should show file bodies or not (eg such as java.io.File).

showFuture

false

Whether Camel should show java.util.concurrent.Future bodies or not. If enabled Camel could potentially wait until the Future task is done. Will by default not wait.

showStreams

false

Camel 2.8: Whether Camel should show stream bodies or not (eg such as java.io.InputStream). Beware if you enable this option then you may not be able later to access the message body as the stream have already been read by this logger. To remedy this you will have to use Stream Caching.

multiline

false

If true, each piece of information is logged on a new line.

maxChars

 

Limits the number of characters logged per line. The default value is 10000 from Camel 2.9 onwards.

Logging stream bodies

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For older versions of Camel that do not support the showFiles or showStreams properties above, you can set the following property instead on the CamelContext to log both stream and file bodies:

Regular logger sample

In the route below we log the incoming orders at DEBUG level before the order is processed:

Or using Spring XML to define the route:

Regular logger with formatter sample

In the route below we log the incoming orders at INFO level before the order is processed.

Throughput logger with groupSize sample

In the route below we log the throughput of the incoming orders at DEBUG level grouped by 10 messages.

Throughput logger with groupInterval sample

This route will result in message stats logged every 10s, with an initial 60s delay and stats should be displayed even if there isn't any message traffic.

The following will be logged:

Full customization of the logging output

Available as of Camel 2.11

With the options outlined in the #Formatting section, you can control much of the output of the logger. However, log lines will always follow this structure:

This format is unsuitable in some cases, perhaps because you need to...

  • ... filter the headers and properties that are printed, to strike a balance between insight and verbosity.
  • ... adjust the log message to whatever you deem most readable.
  • ... tailor log messages for digestion by log mining systems, e.g. Splunk.
  • ... print specific body types differently.
  • ... etc.

Whenever you require absolute customization, you can create a class that implements the ExchangeFormatter interface. Within the format(Exchange) method you have access to the full Exchange, so you can select and extract the precise information you need, format it in a custom manner and return it. The return value will become the final log message.

You can have the Log component pick up your custom ExchangeFormatter in either of two ways:

Explicitly instantiating the LogComponent in your Registry:

Convention over configuration:

Simply by registering a bean with the name logFormatter; the Log Component is intelligent enough to pick it up automatically.

NOTE: the ExchangeFormatter gets applied to all Log endpoints within that Camel Context. If you need different ExchangeFormatters for different endpoints, just instantiate the LogComponent as many times as needed, and use the relevant bean name as the endpoint prefix.

From Camel 2.11.2/2.12 onwards when using a custom log formatter, you can specify parameters in the log uri, which gets configured on the custom log formatter. Though when you do that you should define the "logFormatter" as prototype scoped so its not shared if you have different parameters, eg:

And then we can have Camel routes using the log uri with different options:

Using Log component in OSGi

Improvement as of Camel 2.12.4/2.13.1

When using Log component inside OSGi (e.g., in Karaf), the underlying logging mechanisms are provided by PAX logging. It searches for a bundle which invokes org.slf4j.LoggerFactory.getLogger() method and associates the bundle with the logger instance. Without specifying custom org.sfl4j.Logger instance, the logger created by Log component is associated with camel-core bundle.

In some scenarios it is required that the bundle associated with logger should be the bundle which contains route definition. To do this, either register single instance of org.slf4j.Logger in the Registry or reference it using logger URI parameter.

See Also

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