Since we're on a major migration process of this website, some component documents here are out of sync right now. In the meantime you may want to look at the asciidoc in the repository: https://github.com/apache/camel/blob/master/README.md https://github.com/apache/camel/blob/master/components/readme.adoc
As of Camel 2.12 the new ComponentConfiguration API provides a mechanism for tools (command line, IDE, web based) to introspect the available Camel components and introspect what configuration parameters are available on the components to create new endpoints, edit existing endpoints or create/edit URIs for endpoints (if the aim is to allow UI editting of Camel routes for example).
To get an idea for the kinds of things you can do with the ComponentConfiguration API check out the test case.
For example given a Component object you can create a new configuration; then introspect the available properties...