Camel Cassandra Component

Available as of Camel 2.15

Apache Cassandra is an open source NoSQL database designed to handle large amounts on commodity hardware. Like Amazon's DynamoDB, Cassandra has a peer-to-peer and master-less architecture to avoid single point of failure and garanty high availability. Like Google's BigTable, Cassandra data is structured using column families which can be accessed through the Thrift RPC API or a SQL-like API called CQL.

This component aims at integrating Cassandra 2.0+ using the CQL3 API (not the Thrift API). It's based on Cassandra Java Driver provided by DataStax.

Maven users will need to add the following dependency to their pom.xml:

pom.xml

URI format

The endpoint can initiate the Cassandra connection or use an existing one.

URIDescription
cql:localhost/keyspaceSingle host, default port, usual for testing
cql:host1,host2/keyspaceMulti host, default port
cql:host1,host2:9042/keyspaceMulti host, custom port
cql:host1,host2Default port and keyspace
cql:bean:sessionRefProvided Session reference
cql:bean:clusterRef/keyspaceProvided Cluster reference

To fine tune the Cassandra connection (SSL options, pooling options, load balancing policy, retry policy, reconnection policy...), create your own Cluster instance and give it to the Camel endpoint.

Endpoint Options

OptionDefaultDescription

clusterName

 

Cluster name

username and password

 

Session authentication

cql

 

CQL query. Can be overriden with a message header.

consistencyLevel

 

ANY, ONE, TWO, QUORUM, LOCAL_QUORUM...

prepareStatements

true

Use prepared statement (default) or not

resultSetConversionStrategy

ALL

How is ResultSet converted transformed into message body ALL, ONE, LIMIT_10, LIMIT_100...

Messages

Incoming Message

The Camel Cassandra endpoint expects a bunch of simple objects (Object or Object[] or Collection<Object>) which will be bound to the CQL statement as query parameters. If message body is null or empty, then  CQL query will be executed without binding parameters.

Headers:

  • CamelCqlQuery (optional, String or RegularStatement): CQL query either as a plain String or built using the QueryBuilder.

Outgoing Message

The Camel Cassandra endpoint produces one or many a Cassandra Row objects depending on the resultSetConversionStrategy:

 

  • List<Row> if resultSetConversionStrategy is ALL or LIMIT_[0-9]+
  • Single Row if resultSetConversionStrategy is ONE
  • Anything else, if resultSetConversionStrategy is a custom implementation of the ResultSetConversionStrategy

Repositories

Cassandra can be used to store message keys or messages for the idempotent and aggregation EIP.

Cassandra might not be the best tool for queuing use cases yet, read Cassandra anti-patterns queues and queue like datasets. It's advised to use LeveledCompaction and a small GC grace setting for these tables to allow tombstoned rows to be removed quickly.

Idempotent repository

The NamedCassandraIdempotentRepository stores messages keys in a Cassandra table like this:

CAMEL_IDEMPOTENT.cql

This repository implementation uses lightweight transactions (also known as Compare and Set) and requires Cassandra 2.0.7+.

Alternatively, the CassandraIdempotentRepository does not have a NAME column and can be extended to use a different data model.

OptionDefaultDescription
tableCAMEL_IDEMPOTENTTable name
pkColumnsNAME, KEYPrimary key columns
name Repository name, value used for NAME column
ttl Key time to live
writeConsistencyLevel Consistency level used to insert/delete key: ANY, ONE, TWO, QUORUM, LOCAL_QUORUM
readConsistencyLevel Consistency level used to read/check key: ONE, TWO, QUORUM, LOCAL_QUORUM

Aggregation repository

The NamedCassandraAggregationRepository stores exchanges by correlation key in a Cassandra table like this:

CAMEL_AGGREGATION.cql

Alternatively, the CassandraAggregationRepository does not have a NAME column and can be extended to use a different data model.

OptionDefaultDescription
tableCAMEL_AGGREGATIONTable name
pkColumnsNAME,KEYPrimary key columns
exchangeIdColumnEXCHANGE_IDExchange Id column
exchangeColumnEXCHANGEExchange content column
name Repository name, value used for NAME column
ttl Exchange time to live
writeConsistencyLevel Consistency level used to insert/delete exchange: ANY, ONE, TWO, QUORUM, LOCAL_QUORUM
readConsistencyLevel Consistency level used to read/check exchange: ONE, TWO, QUORUM, LOCAL_QUORUM
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