Since we're on a major migration process of this website, some component documents here are out of sync right now. In the meantime you may want to look at the asciidoc in the repository: https://github.com/apache/camel/blob/master/README.md https://github.com/apache/camel/blob/master/components/readme.adoc
The camel:embedded goal of the Camel Maven Plugin is used to run your Camel Spring configurations in the same JVM as Maven, so it should startup a bit faster than camel:run. Though sometimes we all get the odd classpath issue; so sometimes forking a new JVM can work around any strange Maven classpath issues.
A good example application to get you started is the Spring Example.